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Analysis of the Drinking Water Source Schemes

JEN has successfully completed the Feasibility Evaluation for the Water Source Schemes to be set up in the Para chamkani area, as part of the WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) Project that is taking place in the central region of Kurram District. The Kurram Regional Administration appointed this proposed project to JEN, and the JEN staff members have visited over 30 structures that specifically provide safe drinking water.


Our results showed that indeed, the main source of drinking water in the Kurram District was a natural spring. Natural springs are a special type of underground water source, where water is pushed out from underneath flowing water due to pressurization. All naturally occurring springs are derived from aquifers, an underground layer composed of water-permeable rock. In the Kurram District, different types of wells are struggling to provide a safe water source for the members in the community, mainly due to the topography of the region and it being prone to landslides.


Access to this region is extremely difficult, as all the roads are “Kacha”, meaning not concrete and not paved in the Urdu and Pashto language. Along with the afternoon showers and lightning storm season, the winter season has already begun. Temperatures have dropped approximately 5 degrees, and construction work will come to a halt until February. These conditions make it difficult and dangerous for local JEN staff members to visit project sites and participants, as the already thin roads become extremely slippery during this season. Because the region is located in a mountainous area, risks of traveling are very high, especially if safety measures are not recognized and acted upon.


In order to prepare the Feasibility Evaluation Report, the engineers in charge of the program must visit the water source sites, which include travel of approximately 4 to 5 hours, both by car and by foot. This makes the visits very difficult and dangerous. Although none of the water supply scheme locations met the criteria established by JEN, these water supply schemes were identified by the village residents to be an immediate need. A few reasons include non-feasibility of schemes technically, community mutual disputes and lower number of population on a high-budget scheme. Ultimately, the team selected 10 locations to set up the water source schemes. These locations were chosen based on the amount of damage unrest has left on the area, and all of these locations also met the technological standards set by JEN. We hope to begin the water source projects in early March, or whenever the weather starts clearing up.

February 20, 2019 in Pakistan |