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Analysis of the Drinking Water Source Schemes

JEN has successfully completed the Feasibility Evaluation for the Water Source Schemes to be set up in the Para chamkani area, as part of the WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) Project that is taking place in the central region of Kurram District. The Kurram Regional Administration appointed this proposed project to JEN, and the JEN staff members have visited over 30 structures that specifically provide safe drinking water.


Our results showed that indeed, the main source of drinking water in the Kurram District was a natural spring. Natural springs are a special type of underground water source, where water is pushed out from underneath flowing water due to pressurization. All naturally occurring springs are derived from aquifers, an underground layer composed of water-permeable rock. In the Kurram District, different types of wells are struggling to provide a safe water source for the members in the community, mainly due to the topography of the region and it being prone to landslides.


Access to this region is extremely difficult, as all the roads are “Kacha”, meaning not concrete and not paved in the Urdu and Pashto language. Along with the afternoon showers and lightning storm season, the winter season has already begun. Temperatures have dropped approximately 5 degrees, and construction work will come to a halt until February. These conditions make it difficult and dangerous for local JEN staff members to visit project sites and participants, as the already thin roads become extremely slippery during this season. Because the region is located in a mountainous area, risks of traveling are very high, especially if safety measures are not recognized and acted upon.


In order to prepare the Feasibility Evaluation Report, the engineers in charge of the program must visit the water source sites, which include travel of approximately 4 to 5 hours, both by car and by foot. This makes the visits very difficult and dangerous. Although none of the water supply scheme locations met the criteria established by JEN, these water supply schemes were identified by the village residents to be an immediate need. A few reasons include non-feasibility of schemes technically, community mutual disputes and lower number of population on a high-budget scheme. Ultimately, the team selected 10 locations to set up the water source schemes. These locations were chosen based on the amount of damage unrest has left on the area, and all of these locations also met the technological standards set by JEN. We hope to begin the water source projects in early March, or whenever the weather starts clearing up.

February 20, 2019 in Pakistan |


We went to participate in the Manpower Management Study Group!

On January 21st, JEN participated in the Second Annual “Learning about Manpower Management via Hunger Free World” Study Group as part of the NPO`s Efforts to Promote NSR (NPO`s Social Responsibility) Project. Although we did not report about our participation in the first Study Group hosted last year, this is our second time participating in this Study Group.  

The main objective of this Study Group was to learn the methods behind manpower management used by Hunger Free World, considering problems that may arise when implementing their techniques into our own organizations, and sharing ideas to find solutions to those problems.

In the First Annual Study Group that was hosted October 12th of last year, we learned how Hunger Free World developed their manpower management, and how it functions today from Ms. Rika Tanaka, the Deputy Director of the Executive Office at Hunger Free World.

In the second Study Group, each participating organization presented their own approach to manpower management. Additionally, each organization asked questions and provided suggestions to the approaches taken by other organizations.

In regards to manpower management, JEN still has a long ways to go. However, after participating in this Study Group, we were able to remind ourselves that time is an important resource when running an organization. We hope to create a work environment where we can clarify who works what job with how much effort and time, where each worker remains conscious of the important tasks, and where we can rethink our priorities in order to reach our goals. We thought that this will not only help JEN`s operations, but also the staff members of JEN as well.

We hope to implement what we have learned about manpower management from the lecturers and other organizations in this Study Group and create our basis of manpower management by the end of 2019.

Management Department Staff

February 15, 2019 in Tokyo HQ |


Main findings from the preliminary -KAP Survey in Parrha Chamkani area, Central Kurram, Former FATA

The local JEN staff members have started conducting the Preliminary KAP (Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices) Survey. The main objective of conducting this survey is to gain an understanding of the current sanitation conditions and water and sanitation needs of the people of the area, before executing the project developed by JEN. Up until now, the staff members have visited a total of 27 regions and conducted this survey.




              The results of the survey mirrored that of the actual conditions of the region. The residents are extremely impoverished, and the area lacks any form of infrastructure. Road conditions are also poor. Knowledge about sanitation and sanitation habits is low compared to the people of KP province*. The main issue found in this region remains to be clean water, as residents of the area use spring water sources and surface water found in rivers and lakes for drinking water and for everyday use. Spring water sources lack appropriate preservation and protection methods, and as a result, may be contaminated.

              Drains often remain uncovered and broken, and in most villages in the area, these drains are clogged with plastic bags and bottles, as there is no established trash and waste disposal system. Additionally, although there are bathrooms, these bathrooms are for the most part, unusable.




              The main source of income in this region comes from daily wage jobs. The majority of those living in the region find work outside the area, as the region provides very little to no opportunities for employment and business.

              JEN has been conducting water supply and sanitation projects in this area and the people seem to be excited about the projects in progress. In the future, we hope to provide support for the increase and development of agriculture, livestock, and technology, which will all ultimately lead to a sustainable lifestyle.


*FATA was the area adjacent to Afghanistan previously governed by tribes. It was integrated into KP province following the constitutional reform on May 31st, 2018.

(MOFA Overseas Travel Alerts in Pakistan, 31 July 2018)

February 1, 2019 in Pakistan |