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02/28/2017

Emergency Support Provided in the Emergency Camp For Those Who fled from Mosul Liberation Operation

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At the “Emergency Camp, a total of 1,800 families (about 10,000 people) are temporary taking shelter in buildings under construction. These people are from both evacuated areas near Mosul. These evacuees were affected by the operation to liberate Mosul which began on October 17, 2016.

Since October assistance has been provided by many international organizations. However, there is still a lack of facilities because numbers of people flowing into the camp are continuously rising. Further, the minimum temperature on site goes down to around zero degrees every day since this January. Emergency support for the winter season is necessary until the spring comes.

We call the buildings in which the evacuees are living an “Emergency Camp” because this area is not recognized either as a refugee Camp or an IDP (internally displaced persons) camp, but was spontaneously established because of its urgent need.
 
This camp is not yet operated in a well-organized way like other established refugee camps, which receive fixed numbers of people based on capacity after being readied. This camp has buildings under construction and public facilities like schools. The camp JEN is working with is still under construction. Windows and doors have not been fully completed.


In this emergency camp, JEN is going to provide plastic sheets for people in order to keep the rain and wind out, so that they can live safely. We will also deliver blankets and mattresses.


【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated. DONATE here

February 28, 2017 in Iraq |

02/23/2017

House-to-House Survey on Hygiene Education Project

Each year, JEN conducts a house-to-house survey to confirm the efficacy of hygiene education.

In January, JEN’s staff visited the houses of students who had received hygiene education last year to check whether the students reported what they had been taught in the project to their families.

JEN’s staff interviewed 75 households in areas around 30 schools in Charikar, COUNTRY. Some questions asked to the students and their families were: “Did you explain to your family what you had been taught in hygiene education?”, “How much did you understand what your child/children learned in hygiene education and did you implement its practice?”,

These interviews covered water purification, food sanitation, making oral rehydration salts, washing hands, and toilet use. “Who taught you about hygiene?” was also on the questionnaire.

JEN’s staff asked students’ families to show how they wash hands with soap, and took photos of bathrooms and the condition of purified water of each hose they visited.

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[House-to-house survey conducted in the community of Totomdara Ulia Girls’ School. A child and his mother are washing hands with soap, the way they were taught.]

After all the questions, the subjects were asked what they thought about JEN’s hygiene education project.

In a survey in Aljehad Totomdara Ulia Boy School area, Pista Gul, aged 70, said;
“I think the children’s hygiene education project is a very good way to spread knowledge on health. People in this village including myself weren’t taught about hygiene at school, so we have a lack of knowledge about the matter.
However, my grandchildren received education about hygiene and taught family members what they learned from the project.”

Gul referred to an irrigation ditch near her house, the only source of water,
“We used to have diarrhea often before the hygiene education. We had no idea why.
However, after we learned that it is caused by the water from the irrigation ditch, we disinfect the water with chlorine before we drink it. I thank JEN for the hygiene education.
I wish I had been taught about hygiene earlier. ”

JEN is going to analyze the house-to-house survey and expect the results to be positive.

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[Pista Gul being interviewed by a JEN staff member as part of the household survey.]


【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.
DONATE here

February 23, 2017 in Afghanistan |

Livestock Management Training for Women

In Pakistan, little by little people are returning to their homes following the mop-up campaign against the armed groups. Look at the details here.
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With the help of JEN’s supporters and the Japanese government JEN is working on a livelihood improvement program, targeting the repatriated inhabitants of FATA (Federally Administrated Tribal Area) Khyber Agency.
This program focuses on breeding livestock.

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JEN is focusing on improving livestock management in the Akaher District, Khyber Province. In Pakistan women usually take care of livestock, so JEN is providing cattle and livestock management training to women.

The women will be able to sell the meat and milk as well as provide for their own families.
However in Pakistan men are traditionally the head of the household and the community.

In order for the women to be able to participate in the training JEN spoke with the women’s families especially the older relatives to help them to understand our project and to ask for their help and support in letting the women join in the activity.
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JEN invited a female livestock management officer from the Livestock Industry Bureau in Federally Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA). So far about 1,000 women have participated in the training.
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[Instructor giving livestock management training]

The training is interactive with the women openly sharing their experiences and knowledge with each other.
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The program uses a lot of photos to help make the subjects as easy as possible to understand. It covers breeding, feeding, barn management, diseases and vaccinations.
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The women are looking forward to using their newly found skills and knowledge.


【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated. DONATE here

February 23, 2017 in Pakistan |

02/16/2017

Difficulty of timing of rain

The anxiety caused by drought due to climate change in Sri Lanka was discussed in our previous staff blog. However, this time we are writing of the damage to farming caused by rain.

Once the rainy season begins, many families in Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu cultivate beans such as black eyed peas, azuki beans, peanuts etc.

They utilize huge plots of land, ranging from 500 square metres to 1000 square metres, which is beyond the imagination of ordinary families in Japan, and which allows them to harvest between 35 kg to 50 kg of beans.

The harvested beans are divided into three portions; those to sell at market, those to eat at home, and those to preserve as seeds for the next cultivation. Beans which are preserved as seeds for next time will be planted for longer and dried naturally.

Once these beans are harvested, they are stored in a dry place for 45 days. After that, people can plant these beans as seeds again. If beans are not dried enough and then planted as they are, an abundant crop of beans cannot be expected even if the seeds sprout. 

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[Cultivation full of black eyed peas in farmland]

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[Dried mung beans as seeds for cultivation]

Since black eyed peas and azuki beans do not require much water, lots of seeds could be
harvested this season notwithstanding the small amount of rainfall.

However, during this year’s harvest, heavy rain continued for a week in Mullaitivu damaging seeds which need to be dried naturally. Wet crops sprout easily so they are not suitable for food.

Moreover, they cannot be used as seeds for the next cultiv ation as they aren’t sufficiently dried. Farmers regretfully showed us their damaged crops.

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[Black eyed peas which sprouted due to rain]

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[Damaged mung beans]

Thus, it doesn’t rain when it’s necessary but on the other hand, it rains when sunshine is needed. This often occurring situation repeatedly places those people reliant upon farming for their living into a vulnerable position.

In Sri Lanka, where the weather is continuously unstable due to climate change, a further measure to minimize this risk is required.

【JEN is now asking for donations. Click here to donate】

February 16, 2017 in Sri Lanka |

Snow

It snowed yesterday in Kirkuk. It had continued from morning to afternoon, covering the whole city of Kirkuk with snow. The snow lasted for 3 hours but the temperature dropped to zero degree and it was very cold. In There has not been any snowing since 2008 in Kirkuk.
Most of the refugees are living in the camp, shivering without any way to ward off the cold. We hope every refugee could go back home soon. May the people of the world hold out their hand to them, and also Iraq.

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【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.
DONATE here

February 16, 2017 in Iraq |

02/09/2017

Federally Administrated Tribal Area (FATA)

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[JEN’s support area in Pakistan as of 2014]


In Pakistan, military operations were carried out to clear the armed groups, and little by little, people who were forced to refuge have been coming back to their home towns. Today, we will show you how things came about and what is expected to happen in our support area.

Federally Administrated Tribal Area (FATA) is located in the northwestern part of Pakistan. Geographically, FATA consists of seven Agencies - Bajaur, Mohmand, Khyber, Orakzai, Kurram, North Waziristan and South Waziristan - and six Frontier Regions - Peshawar, Kohat, Bannu, Lakki Marwat, Tank and Dera Ismail Khan - FATA is directly controlled by the federal government of Pakistan based on a set of special laws called the Frontier Crimes Regulations (FCR).  Each agency’s representative is called Political Agent, and substitutes for the governor of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province.

The eastern and southern parts of FATA are close to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan Provinces, respectively. Its western and northern parts border on Kunar, Nangarhar, Paktia, Khost and Paktica Provinces in Afghanistan.

In 2001, Pakistan Army started military operations in order to stop terrorist activities, which were growing in number in this area. As a result, a lot of people refuged to other areas, from 2008 to 2014, in particular.

Today, it is announced that most of the FATA area is safe and more than 75 percent of the refugees have come back to their homelands. Once public order is restored, full-scale supports will be offered. Now, several groups such as the United Nations and local and international NGOs, including JEN, provide supports.

For the purpose of FATA recovery, the national congress is discussing a bill to unite FATA with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It was officially proposed on 24 January this year. Many political parties support the bill. A budget of 100 billion Pakistan Rupee a year has also been proposed. FATA will greatly benefit from this  unification.

By sharing the same administrative system with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, public services such as education, healthcare, social welfare, legal and security will be offered effectively. People will be able to get jobs in their local areas. Several business opportunities will be created. After all, the biggest advantage from the recovery is that peace will be achieved in this area.


【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.
DONATE here

February 9, 2017 in Pakistan |

Event in Afghanistan, No.3

We will explain how to celebrate New Year in Afghanistan.

On March 21st, there is a New year Celebration event that is called “Nawroz” (in Dari language, naw means new and roz means sun). In Afghanistan, the day is also defined as a day for agriculture and certification by the United Nations. Iran and other central Asian countries also celebrate this day.

Nawroz in Afghanistan has its own tradition. They have a house-cleaning that is called “Khana takani”. They also prepare special meals called Samanak and Haft Miwa. Haft Miwa is assorted dry fruits with pistachios, almonds, apricots, walnuts, hazelnuts, raisins etc. Samanak is cooked with fresh wheat germs.

Gul Surkh is a festival that is held in Mazar-e-Sharif, which is close to the boarder of Uzbekistan. It is held in the beginning of 30 days of the year. During the period, red flowers bloom everywhere. People from around Afghanistan visit Mazar-e-Sharif and enjoy Jenda Bala (waving flag) and Buz Kashi. This is their national sport, where players carry dead cows and goats called Buz to the goal. It is like polo.

Zuhra Afshar
Field officer,
JEN Afghan Office
【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.
DONATE here

February 9, 2017 in Afghanistan |

02/02/2017

Creating Rikuzentakata’s Tomorrow Together with Young People

Rikuzentakata is a city not only abundant with beautiful nature as deeply-indented coastlines and mountains rising sheer from the coastline, but also soaked with rich history and culture including 900-year-old Kenka Tanabata festival and nationally-known versatile Kesendiku carpenters.

The massive tsunami triggered by the Great Eastern Earthquake struck the city, claiming the lives of more than 1,800 people and completely destroying more than half of the houses.

At present, with the intention to complete by around 2020, the city is working on building a town less vulnerable to disasters, development of residential land in upland areas that are not reached by tsunami and non-residential commercial land in lowland areas, as well as construction of coastal levees.

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【The coastal area of Rikuzentakata, Iwate Prefecture used as a temporary disposal site for waste soil, and road traffic is rerouted until March 3, 2019.】

However, challenging problems such as population aging and low birth rate are being faced by the city. Although young people had had a tendency to lose interest in returning to the city once leaving home for college education or work of their own choice, evacuees in the city are also losing confidence in continuing to live in their hometown due to prolonged life in shelters and industrial stagnation, resulting in 20% less population than before.

Nevertheless, some people chose to head for the city to help Rikuzentakata’s recovery after the disaster. Many of them still remain in the city, and you can often see young people among them working for the city hall or NPOs.

Mr. Sasaki, chairman of SAVETAKATA Association (JEN’s partner), had lived away from his hometown Rikuzentakata for education and work since graduating from high school, but it was on the first day after the disaster that he set up SAVETAKATA and started supportive activities in his hometown. Six years later, he and his staff members have been leading the city’s rebuilding efforts.

After completing high school, a little less than 200 students choose either entering a higher level of schooling or finding work. It came as a surprise to him to discover that a few students wonder if there is anything that they can do for the city’s recovery, but most of them leave their hometown without having an opportunity to think about building a career at home.

Accordingly, he thought as follows: although making a career choice is something for students to decide, it is shame that they leave and become distant with their hometown without knowing how many good points it has or how challenging it is to make a career at home; if students had firsthand experience of getting through issues of their hometown, it would not only help them have positive belief in themselves and enrich their lives, but also inspire the adults around them to show greater efforts to revitalize their hometown.

Consequently, he and local volunteers launched “Preparatory Committee to Support the Development of the Next Generation.” JEN is assisting the committee’s project.

In cooperation with school officials and people in the community, the committee members visited a junior school in Rikuzentakata to give a lecture on how attractive their hometown is and how wonderful it is to work at home.

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【Rikuzentakata, Iwate Prefecture( Ohsumi Tsudoinooka Temporary Shopping Street)】

【JEN is now asking for donations. Click here to donate】

February 2, 2017 in Tohoku Earthquake |

Epidemic of mumps

It is well known that the various infectious diseases spread fast among students in schools, especially when the school environment is one lacking in knowledge of public health, individual health, and clean living.

Therefore, it is not surprising that the mumps are going around in elementary schools in Salahuddin Province.  Mumps are easily communicable among children and most of the students become infected.
 
JEN is implementing a project to raise awareness of health and a hygienic environment by providing training to teachers and textbooks for students.  Mumps is the topic included both in the training and the textbook.


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[Hygiene training for teachers]


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[Hygiene textbook for students]

I hope our new project will help more school students learn about the importance of hygiene.
Thikra J Elias

February 2, 2017 in Iraq |