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Dung fuel: Secondary product from farm animals

In Pakistan, people who were forced to evacuate due to mopping-out operation of the armed forces have gradually returned to their hometown little.

The residents in Tehsil Bara Khyber Agency, which is subject to support, produce fuel from the dung of cow and water buffalos. This is mainly a woman’s job. This fuel is called “SAPYAKA” in local area.
[Mountain of fuel]
Dung fuel is produced as follows:
1. Gather dung of water buffalos and cow
2. Make muck disc
3. Put it on the wall
4. Dry it for two days
5. Use it as fuel after taking off from the wall
[Dung fuel put on the wall to dry ]
Four, five dung fuels cover the power to make vegetable dishes. These are also used to make boiled water for bath during winter. These fuels are stored in bulk and sold in the market from time to time. The cost is around 3 rupees (about 3 JPY) per fuel and people sell 250-500 of them and earn 750-1,500 rupees (about 750-1,500 JPY). It is an adequate income for many women from families who own farm animals.
[Dung fuel after drying, it is used at home and sold in the market]

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

January 26, 2017 in Pakistan |

Event in Afghanistan, No.2

I’d like to share another Eid that is different from Eid al-Fitr. Both Eids are held for three days. However, the second Eid-al-Adha is a memorial service to slaughter sheep, goat, cow and camel.

The way of celebrating Eid is slightly different depending on the region because of different traditions. This event is one of the most important days for men and women of all ages to enjoy their life.

In addition, during the Eid period, people who haven’t gotten well meet with each other to make up their relationship. Affianced couples also partake in visiting each stepfather.

[Lunch time with relative during Eid Al-Adha]

We will share other festival events following the next report,

Zuhra Afshar
Field officer,
JEN Afghan Office

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

January 26, 2017 in Afghanistan |


2017, A Year of Drought

What comes to your mind when you hear the word "Disaster"? Earthquakes, floods, tsunamis, landslides and what not come to mind easily, but how many in Japan would consider drought?

{Image shows a totally dried field, drought is a great concern across the world}

Droughts are long lasting water shortage caused by lack of rain. Unlike earthquakes and tsunamis, droughts start in an unspectacular manner causing water and sanitation problems as well as food crisis so that many people suffer from poverty.

Consequently, droughts are often referred to as a "silent killer". Sri Lanka has seen nine droughts in the past ten years, and around 310,000 people have been affected. For farmers, lack of water can be a matter of life and death.

[Dried water reservoir, in normal conditions, the water level should reach the road]
Because of the monsoon season in Sri Lanka there are two major harvesting seasons, Maha (September through March) and Yara (May through August).  Almost all of the rice consumed in Sri Lanka is harvested during these seasons.

Many farmers use rain water to run large-scale farming operations, however, this year drought has damaged yields from much of the harvest. Many in Sri Lanka fear drought during the dry season.

[Water does not reach the pipeline that connects with the waterway]

[A dried water way and drying rice fields]

Because of this concern, JEN is planning to strengthen the capability of disaster mitigation and prevention in Sri Lanka in 2017, including drought countermeasures.

Our goal is to support the self-help capability in individual families and communities so that people do not fall back into poverty. Our team will do our best to achieve our goal.

January 19, 2017 in Sri Lanka |

No winter lasts forever, no spring skips its turn

[Assessment conducted in white tents where IDPs live in Sinjar mountain]

JEN believes that preparation for the coming winter is essential as the season makes IDPs' (internally displaced persons) already hard life even harder. One way to protect them from the harsh weather is distribution of winterization items. In order to meet the needs of IDPs as much as possible, JEN has started assessing every camp and area of Sinjar mountain.

From the 7th to the 10th of November last year, 30 assessment staff and JEN staff conducted interview to Yazidi people in the mountain as a part of needs assessment. The staff visited houses and camps to hear the voices of IDPs. Vouchers to receive winterization items were distributed thereafter.

[JEN staff conducting an interview]

Every interviewee was very supportive and cooperative, providing all the necessary information and documents needed when staff explained the reason and purpose of the interview at the door. In fact, most people offered tea and fruit for the staff, which shows the good relationship between JEN and IDPs. People show their appreciation for consistent and continuous support since 2014.

[Bananas offered by an IDP and JEN staff explaining about distribution voucher and how to keep it safe]

All the necessary information was collected, thanks to the 2,300 households in the mountain. We found out that almost every household was in immediate need of heaters/kerosene. Clothes/blankets were also common needs. Based on the assessment,

JEN has decided its action and started monthly distribution of kerosene pots and kerosene from November. We will continue our support so that IDPs will be able to survive the cold winter and welcome spring in a few months.

[30 assessment staff]

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

January 19, 2017 in Iraq |

Christmas in Temporary Housing

Eight months have passed since the Kumamoto earthquake.

More than 2,000 houses were certified as fully or partially destroyed and 116 households of survivors are living in temporary housing in Aso City.

Christmas presents were given to five temporary housings on November 23rd.

They are preparing for the delivery of Christmas presents.]

Christmas presents are delivered by a modern reindeer, a.k.a lorry]

Dressed as Santa Claus and reindeer, volunteers from both inside and outside of Kumamoto Prefecture delivered aid from across the country.

JEN helped with preparing the presents, sorting aid and delivering the presents.

They are sorting aid and delivering presents.]

After delivering the presents, Santa Claus and a Rudolph are drinking tea.]

January 19, 2017 in Kumamoto |


Distributing farm animals at Aka Khel, Bara, Khyber Agency

[The 4
th meeting for cattle distribution by JEN]

The residents of Aka Khel, Bara, Khyber Agency had conducted cattle-breeding before evacuating to other areas. In particular, the Achi species were the most suitable cattle to the weather and geological features of this area.

However, there wasn’t any organization who would support people by distributing lost farm animals, especially cattle, because of the dispute, even after people were back to Bara. Therefore, JEN has started distributing cattle to the most vulnerable groups, such as families whose householders are above 60 years old, handicapped people, women and orphans.

All of those who received cattle and the elders of the village said in a breath that they didn’t expect to be able to receive cattle. Even though cattle play an important role on improving their livelihoods, no one expected to be given valuable cattle.

[A borrowed car to take distributed cattle to his village]

Cattle are quarantined for 7 days before being distributed to people. During this period, officers of the livestock bureau gave vaccination to cattle to protect them against various illnesses. After 7 days, healthy cattle without any doubt of illness were given to people along with vanda (foodstuff for alimentation) and anthelmintic.

The elders of the community said that the distribution of cattle is a big help for those who are in a vulnerable situation. People who received cattle now can get milk by themselves. This is an important source of nutrition especially for children.

Moreover, it makes a substantial contribution to save food expenses  such as on milk, yoghurt, butter, etc..

This support aims to improve people’s livelihood through cattle-breeding, which is their original occupation (livelihood). In addition to this, JEN enhances their knowledge about management of cattle-breeding and teach them to make foodstuff by themselves without requiring much expenses, even providing them with vanda at first.

We will proceed with selective breeding by artificial insemination and conduct vaccination and extermination of parasites to support people and protect the health of farm animals. Also by distributing young cattle, JEN supports to generate income by selling milk.

[Not only distributing cattle, but also explaining effective management of cattle]

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

January 12, 2017 in Pakistan |

Event in Afghanistan No.1

The market was crowded. People enjoyed shopping of foods, sweets and clothes so shops were quite busy. This is all because everyone was on a hurry to prepare for Eid, where people invite their customers and close friends. This was the landscape before Eid in Afghanistan last year.

Eid is not known well in Japan. There are two kinds of Eid, one is Eid al-Fitr and the other is Eid-ul-Adha. Moslems all over the world celebrate this important event. In Afghanistan, celebrating Eid with excitement is part of their heritage.

The first Eid, which is Eid al-Fitr, means to celebrate the end of Ramadan. People paint their bodies with henna, buy clothes and invite relative and friends into their homes for foods and sweets.

The three days are special for children. Some children wear new clothes and visit their relatives and families and they could get sweets and toys.

[Dry fruits shop in Charika during Eid al-fitr]

[A girl who was painted by henna during Eid al-fitr]

We will share the second Eid report following the next time.

Zuhra Afshar
Field Officer,

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

January 12, 2017 in Afghanistan |