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2016.09.29

Precautionary Measures against Congo-Crimean Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) in FATA

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is caused by infection with a tick-borne virus (Nairovirus) in the family Bunyaviridae. The virus is spread by ticks and the disease can find out both human and livestock. The disease was first characterized in the Crimea in 1944 and given the name Crimean hemorrhagic fever. It was then later recognized in 1969 as the cause of illness in the Congo-Africa, thus resulting in the current name is Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever.
Since 1976, it has been present in Pakistan but it became a serious issue in 2000 with 50-60 cases being reported annually. During 2012, 16 deaths were reported. From 2013 to 2016, 60 human blood tests were positive while among them 12 patients had died. Government officials have stressed the need for creating awareness among the public regarding CCHF and plan to do progress against the spread of this disease. There are many unreported cases as well because of lack of awareness.
In this connection, Livestock Department FATA requested JEN to integrate precautionary measures against CCHF into the current ongoing project in Khyber Agency, FATA; funded by Ministry of Foreign Affairs-Japan (MoFA). The reason was that for Eid-ul Adha (religious festival), an enormous number of livestock would be brought for sacrifice from other parts of the country. This issue was urgent so JEN instantly advocated it to the project donor and got approval of taking precautionary measures against CCHF on a priority basis.

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【Researching the market was very busy】

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【The anti-CCHF spray was done by the team】
JEN provided following supplies to Livestock Department for this purpose.
 Spray Pumps (10 to 12 liters) =  15
 Cypermethrin/Ecofleece  (Liter) = 75
 Masks = 5
 Gloves = 375
 Apron = 15
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【Handing over the supplies】 
This activity was completed in 3-days with support from Livestock Department staff and JEN livestock team. The anti-CCHF spray was done in cattle markets in the target area which was visited by more than 50,000 people for sale and purchase of livestock for the festival.  The anti-CCHF spray was employed to 38,000 small and large animals as precautionary measures. It is good that no case regarding CCHF has been reported following this activity from the target area. Livestock department thanked JEN and the MoFA-Japan for allocating resources for this activity for the betterment of people as well as livestock.   
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【The spraying in the market】

September 29, 2016 in Pakistan |