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2015.03.26

Role of Community Elder in Emergency Project

In short term emergency project where time is short and assistance is critical, a humanitarian organization can rely upon community elder for SMART (Specific Measurable Attainable Relevant and Time bound) implementation of the project, provided; that the community elder is sensibly selected. Previous experience of the community elder with a community based organization makes him/her more suitable person as he/she knows the know-how of community work.

JEN staffs being new in the district Muzaffargarh to assist flood affected people were curious of implementing emergency project in a very short time. JEN staffs were lucky to come across some dedicated community elders during needs assessment. One of them was Mr. Mithoo (Sweet person in the local language). In their first contact with community, JEN staffs noticed some guts in Mr. Mithoo such as volunteerism, dedication and previous experience with community based organizations. Mr. Mithoo introduced JEN staff to the community. He facilitated a community meeting for JEN. He well-understood JEN’s selection criteria of beneficiaries and communicated it to his native villagers in their local language Saraiki.

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Mr. Mithoo guided JEN staffs to the affected people houses and helped register beneficiaries according to selection criteria. He started to play a role of bridge between community and JEN. He helped JEN staffs in token distribution and informing the beneficiaries of distribution schedule. He came to distribution point with beneficiaries and facilitated them. He did not stop here and arranged vehicle to take women and elderly beneficiaries along with their NFIs safely back to their homes. Showing his sense of responsibility, he called JEN staff in the evening that all beneficiaries from his village have safely reached to their homes. Eventually, it was raining when beneficiaries from his village received non-food items.

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Mr. Mithoo called JEN staff on mobile “We have safely reached our homes. Just opened non-food items and started using it. It is very cold here and the quilts have no equal value for anything in this winter season. We are very happy and pray for JEN staffs”.
Mr. Mithoo sometimes calls JEN staff in Islamabad on mobile phone even after the project completion. He asks about well-being of JEN staffs and as usual offers his cooperation.

JEN staffs are sure that in case of any emergency in the same area again, Mr Mithoo will be using his skills of coordination and volunteerism to support both organization and the beneficiaries. JEN recommended Mr. Mithoo to the local district authorities who are providing support during disasters.




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March 26, 2015 in Pakistan |

The responses of the hygiene education training for school teachers

The project of the school environment improvement and hygiene education has been started in Charikar city and the Shinwari district in Parwan province on March 1st with your support.

This year we will work for improving the facilities of the water supply and hygiene equipment, and the school facilities at the three schools in those two districts. We will also conduct hygiene education program for the twenty schools in Charikar city and for clergies (mullah). Like our past support, these activities target to improve the hygiene environment for children and communities, and secure the safe and comfortable school environment for children.

This is the last year of our five-year project. Therefore, what is important is to strengthen the aspect of one’s self-independence in order that the staff members of the education department can continue to manage their work in schools and spread the hygiene education by themselves after we finish our activities. 

From the 3rd to the 19th of  May, we hold the three-day hygiene education training for all the 1,005 teachers from the twenty schools in Charikar city. Those teachers will pass this hygiene education on to their students in the class beyond 6 months. Now the class is ready to start.
At the training we saw that the teachers seemed to be very enthusiastic to learn. They understood the importance of hygiene education and promised to spread it among students and communities.

【The participants in the hygiene education training】
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This is a voice from one of the teachers who participated in the hygiene education training.
 
Name: Ms. Rairaturu Kada (41 years old)
Occupation: a teacher from Jalali Hora high school in Charikar city 

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  “Hygiene education is a very important thing in human life.
This training was interesting and became a good experience for me in learning about hygiene education. Especially the picked up points in the training such as Oral Rehydration Solution, water disinfecting method, hygiene during the menstrual period and the way to improve the hand-washing habit was new to me. I also learnt the importance for a whole community to undertake hygiene education.
Thank you for giving me a chance to learn about hygiene education.”

JEN Pakistan Office
Afghanistan Program Officer
Megumi Fujita   



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March 26, 2015 in Afghanistan |

Hygiene promotion activity

JEN has started hygiene promotion activities in earnest from this month under the current on-going project. From among 6 project sites, we share an activity which was hold at an elementary school in Duplessis in Leogane in this article.

During our visit, 5 hygiene promoters explained how to wash hands and reasons why it is important to do it in each grade. After that, children practiced hand washing.

【Child practices hand washing】
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【Washing hands carefully at the fingertip】
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Many people suffer from diarrhea in the project sites. Their high risk behavior includes usage of the river water shared with livestock or washing clothes for the purpose of beverage, as well as keep water in unclean buckets and containers, when people got it back to home.

Other than washing hands, JEN provides some sessions such as using latrines, water collection, transportation, storage, through visits of schools, health centers and houses so that people recognize major risks and prevent deterioration of hygiene condition

【Hygiene promoter demonstrates hand washing with children】
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【Children sing hand washing song】
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March 26, 2015 in Haiti |

2015.03.19

Deliver safe water in the camp

In Kurdistan, currently 24 IDP (Internally Displaced Person) camps have been functioned. It is very difficult to manage and operate such a huge number of camps by government only, so UN agencies as well as NGOs are working together with government.

JEN has just started to work and been in charge of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene related services in one camp in northern part of Kurdistan. In this camp, each tent which is allocated to one family has kitchen and toilet/shower unit. Water supply and sewerage systems are established. But not all facilities are fully equipped as the camp was constructed at a fast pace in order to immediately response the increasing influx of IDPs.

What is missing in water related facilities and equipment was water treatment system. So JEN installed chlorination systems into four wells in the camp in cooperation with Directorate of water.

The staff from Directorate of water is an experienced technician who has installed more or less all chlorination systems in this area. During the installation, tiny accident which water pipe spewed water happened and all of us got soaked. But it is well worth as we could deliver safer water to people in the camp.

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March 19, 2015 in Iraq |

Distribution of Water Pump

We, JEN Sri Lanka, have been constructing 38 agro wells in Mullative District and 10 agro wells in Killinochchi District.

[Agro well, constructed by JEN.  We will dig each hole10meters deep]150319_10m_3


[The well in process of construction]
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Rainy season starts from October to March and dry season from May to September in the Northern Sri Lanka. But, recently the situation has been changing, where dry season might start earlier than usual, it’s been sunny every day since January this year.
During the dry season, the water level will be low. In the case, people need to pull out of the heavy bucket at almost 10 meters to fill the water with. This can be heavy work.

That’s why we’ve been distributing the water pumps
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We would like to explain about ceremony of water pump distribution, held in 3 locations of Mullaitve District this time.

When we got close to the community hall in the area,
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already many women have been waiting for us.
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In this area, 1 well has been shared by 2-4 households.  Water pump with hose pipes have been handed over to each group, where they would share a well with
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Mother, receiving a water pump with hose pipes 12meters long, looks happy
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Carry the distributed item on the book rack on the back of the bike to the home
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In this area, people sometimes carry the water from the common well, more than 500meters to 1km away from home.  Water will be used for not only domestic purpose, but also watering necessary to the agricultural crops. So, people need to go and return at some dozen times in a day. Even if the said works have been shared by the family members, still binding hours will be 5 to 6 hours in a day.  And, it is heavy lifting for the women and the old persons.

Also, in the dry season, the common well is dried up, where the people sometimes are completed to decrease the size of farming areas.  By constructing agro wells and providing enough water, JEN will keep supporting them to decrease their binding hours, and increase their crop yields, which leads to income increase.

It’s a throw-in.

The store, located close to the community hall. The shopkeeper is the mother, standing in front of the shop.  She is selling vegetables, soaps, drinks and ice polls (it’s inside of a white foam-made box front side)
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The vegetables, selling at this shop
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The vegetables, made by villagers, are sold at these kinds of shops.



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March 19, 2015 in Sri Lanka |

2015.03.12

Haiti big earthquake –my experience-

I have worked at JEN as an office assistant since July 2013. Let me share my experience in earthquake in 12th January 2010, although it has passed 5 years.

When earthquake happened, I had been with 8 members of my family at home that was 10km away from Leogane. I was shocked because it was the first time to experience such a quake. My house was completely destroyed. I went to the hospital in Dominican Republic next to Haiti with my family as I was injured. It was 1 day trip by bus. On the way to go there, I had seen a lot of rubble of buildings on the street, and it was difficult situation to pass through.

【Writer】
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With the help of NGO, my house was reconstructed. The most painful accident was that my mother-in-low died due to collapse of building. I will never forget it in my life.

【The reconstructed road in center of Leogane, after earthquake】
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It has passed 5 years since the disaster, many housing and roads have been reconstructed. I am eager to keep contributing to development of this region as a JEN staff.



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March 12, 2015 in Haiti |

Protecting Important Source of Food Security

Around one million people got displaced from North Waziristan Agency due to Law enforcement action in the 2nd half of 2014. These TDPs (Temporary Dislocated people) brought with them approximately 350,000 livestock in hustle situations to the settled districts of KP including Lakki Marwat. It was a mountain high challenge for government and humanitarian actors to provide basic services to them like food, shelter, health and WASH facilities. On the other hand it was equally vital to protect their livestock from mortality and distress selling which was one of the important sources of their food security.   

JEN initiated an emergency livestock protection project in partnership with Emergency Response Fund of United Nations for 1200 HHs in district Lakki Marwat. Objective of the project was to improve food security of the displaced people through protection of their livestock from mortality and distress selling. A comprehensive livestock protection package was designed in coordination with Food Security Cluster and working organizations. The package was comprised of wheat straw, wanda, urea molasses blocks, minerals, and feeding/watering/milking kit. 

[Livestock Packages at distribution point]
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Excerpts from one of the project beneficiaries Mr. Ishaq Jan follows; “I am very grateful to JEN for providing the help when no one was around to support me. I was at the edge to start selling my 3 cows one by one on very cheap prices. Their milk production was reduced by 2/3rd and it was difficult for me to arrange feed for them. This assistance has arrived just on time”.

[Mr. Ishaq Jan giving interview to JEN staff]
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Dislocated people get production from their livestock such as milk, yogurt, cheese and meat. It contributes to their food security at large. Having inadequate resources in the area of displacement, they will need continuous assistance as long as they stay there.

[Meeting with displaced people in district Lakki Marwat]
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March 12, 2015 in Pakistan |

Avalanche in Afghanistan

Afghanistan remains one of the most vulnerable countries. The beginning of year 2015 is not good as massive avalanches in a valley not far from the Afghan capital have reportedly killed nearly 200 people, adding to a total of almost 250 deaths from the worst such snow slides in three decades in the country's mountainous northeast.

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Rescue workers using bulldozers worked to clear roads to the Panjshir Valley area just northeast of Kabul — an area where villagers have been cut off for almost a week.
Panjshir province which is one the most affected provinces, reportedly five school buildings are fully damaged as a result of avalanche and land slide.

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Currently air drop operation is ongoing, the Afghan National Army helicopters are dropping ready food for the affected families. Road clearance operation reached the center of the province. According to the authorities, the clearing operation need to be extended to reach to the most affected area which are located far in the mountains. More than 2,000 families in Bazarak and Baharak areas of the province are affected due to this disaster.

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Afghan president said in an interview that the devastating avalanche requires three phase of intervention, first level is emergency response, second relief and 3rd which needs full involvement of international community, the reconstruction phase. In reconstruction phase the president asked to reconstruct the shelters as a new model in which the buildings could withstand against natural disasters.

JEN assessment team will assist the local authorities and UN teams to have a clear picture of the affected areas.



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March 12, 2015 in Afghanistan |

Parks Completed:Children’s Society to Restar

JEN has concluded a project to rebuild ravaged two parks attached to the housing areas in Kamikama district located to the southwest of Ishinomaki city. The project intended that rebuilding parks would help children’s associations recover (For more information on the project activity up until now, click here.)

Rebuilding parks was finally completed on December 7 after a range of efforts to help recover children’s association starting with a planning session with locals and then events to strengthen community ties at the park under reconstruction work including mowing grass together and doing exercise together in the morning to the instruction on the radio [Japanese school children have a custom of gathering in a park in the morning on their summer break to do exercise while listening instructions and a musical accompaniment on a radio broadcast].

On the very day of the ceremony to celebrate the parks’ completion, JEN had children put the finishing touch on the park such as assembling benches, painting fences and planting so that the children could use the park as their “self-made park” for years to come.

【The children are painting.】
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The children had waited so long for the park completion that they were jumping up and down for joy.

【The children get in line to use play equipment.】
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We interviewed the children after the completion of the parks, and got the following opinions: “I used to play inside the house, but now I play outside for longer time than before.”; “I’m happy because I can play with my friends in the park.” In the park, we now can see not only the children playing but also elderly people sitting on a bench to enjoy watching their grandchildren playing or to take a rest while they are out walking their dog. So the park has become a place where people from children to elderlies in local communities can relax.

The completion of the parks gave momentum to locals’ efforts to restart “children’s association”. In early February, a conference organized by the children’s association was held for the first time since the earthquake, where community members took the lead in forming groups, planning events and so on.

【They are now in the meeting of the children’s association.】
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On February 22 was held a local event hosted by “the children’s organization” for the first time since the earthquake. The events featured duty as well as pleasure; participants made planters for the coming spring, and then enjoyed pounding mochi [rice-cake] and Soran dancing performed by children in happi [a festival costume] given to the children’s association by JEN. We could hear one of the participants say “We must take good care of happi in order to make use of it in our future activities for a longtime.”

【Soran dancing performed by children in front of the banners of each organization including JEN.】
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【They are pounding mochi.】
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You could see the participants gathered around the children’s vigorous performance smiling at the dancing. So we bet all of the participants enjoyed the event.

Thus, thanks to the completion of park rebuilding, the children’s association restarted its activities. We hope it continues its activities in conjunction with local communities in Kamikama district.

JEN will continue its efforts to develop local communities comfortable for children.


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March 12, 2015 in Tohoku earthquake |

Distribution Vouchers of Winterization Items– Monitoring and Follow Up

After 3 weeks of a shopping period, JEN’s voucher distribution project for winterization items has finished. As of 5th March 2015, JEN confirmed that all vouchers distributed to Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), they used to purchase winterization goods. To assess the impact on the project, JEN has started conducting a post-distribution monitoring.

From the preliminary feedback, IDPs received the vouchers used the money to purchase heaters, shoes, clothes and blankets to stay warm. When JEN staff visited the unfinished housing they live in for monitoring, we could clearly feel the change in the warmth of the house. They expressed that the items they bought were really helpful that the family was able to stay warm and healthy much more easily.

However, many challenges remain for the IDPs living in unfinished buildings, especially as they continue to face the risk of eviction by the building owner.  Processes for transfer to camps take some time and camps are running out of space to accommodate all of the IDPs living in unfinished buildings.

Though the voucher distribution project has been completed, JEN will continue to work in Kurdistan region of Iraq (KRI) to assist and respond to the needs of the IDPs as much as possible.



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March 12, 2015 in Iraq |

2015.03.05

Distribution of Winterization items vouchers – Shopping phase

JEN distributed the vouchers for IDPs living in Kurdistan region of Iraq. This voucher can be used as a payment for winterization items such as heater, kerosene, blanket etc.

Many people went to shops which vouchers are accepted immediately after receiving vouchers.
One week has passed since the voucher distribution, and a half of vouchers has been used. The most popular items among people are Kerosene and Children’s cloth.

For a period of time, it was getting warm in Kurdistan as spring comes. But in recent days it becomes cold at a stretch. We hope that the items purchased by JEN vouchers make people stay comfortably even in unfinished buildings.


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March 5, 2015 in Iraq |

Monthly Sri Lanka/Reviewing the past 10 years -Sri Lanka Project[part2]

【7 years of support activities for IDPs and returnees in the eastern and northern region】

The conflict between Sri Lankan government and LTTE had intensified in the second half of 2006 and this lead up to 130,000 Tamils to become IDPs. After the conflict in the eastern region ended in July, 2007, homecoming officially completed by November, 2008. 

Batticaloa District in the eastern region was affected both by the massive tidal wave in December, 2004 and the conflict in 2006. Through that period, in this District, we implemented nutrition, health and hygiene activities. At the same time, we had provided counseling and conducted workshops toward revitalization of fisheries cooperatives since June ,2007.

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And, we also implemented self-reliance support activities in Ampara District in the eastern region. These support activities were aimed to make the returnees to acquire ability to improve their lives cooperatively. Through building agricultural wells, providing water pumps and agricultural technical training, agricultural revenue became stabilized. Through building well maintenances committees, steering committees and agricultural cooperatives, returnees improved their lives. By the end of February, 2014, we saw the benefits of these activities. Therefore, we completed the last self-reliance support projects in this District.

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March 5, 2015 in Sri Lanka |