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Kohat City

Kohat is the new area of JEN interventions in Pakistan where the Field Office for Orakzai Project is situated. JEN also runs another project from this field office for conflict affected people living in Kohat.

Kohat District is the Division headquarter in the southern KP, situated 75 km south of Peshawar, the Provincial Capital at around an-hour drive. 1.8 km long tunnel connects Kohat with Peshawar. This tunnel was constructed with Japan Government assistance.


The District bears enormous strategic importance and rich cultural background with a mix of local tribes. There is also a very famous archaeological site known as Durrani Qabristan (Durrani Graveyard) situated at about 10 minute drive from the City.

Kohat is the gateway to Orakzai, Kurram and similarly North Waziristan Agencies/FATA. The valley accommodating the urban limits abounds in water sources including Tanda Dam/Reservoir irrigating guava orchards, vegetable fields and other crops. Guava from Kohat is much popular for its special taste across KP & FATA.


With a mountainous terrain and good roads and services, Kohat city is very peaceful and resourceful. The city is built around an Army Cantonment, which has all the basic facilities individually. There are good hospitals, shopping malls, banks, schools colleges, a newly established Kohat University and other basic necessities readily available.


There are many Afghan refugee villages on the outskirts of the city boundary with lesser impact on the original setup. I/NGOs, UN Agencies and government offices are located in the Kohat Township area also known as the KDA (Kohat Development Authority).

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May 29, 2014 in Pakistan |

We are there Again: A Timely Response from JEN!in Badakhshan

On 3rd may 2014 Badakhshan province was hit by flood and landslides. Floods and landslides affected 97 districts throughout Afghanistan. According to UN due to the floods and landslides 675 people were killed in the country. The biggest tragedy occurred in District Argo, where 503 people were killed in one landslide incident. The magnitude of the incident was so huge that it needs urgent response from humanitarian community.


JEN is working in Afghanistan since 2001. JEN is always there to support the needy and affected people of Afghanistan. Soon after the disaster,  JEN sent its field team to the affected Argo district to identify the immediate needs of the people. Before starting assessment JEN coordinated with UN and other agencies to identify the immediate needs in the area. Then our field team visited the area for assessment and verified the immediate and urgent needs of the people. Based on our own assessment and suggestion from UN, JEN team find out that people need "material" badly. Hygiene was also another burning issue in the target area. As most of the organizations focused on shelter etc, JEN decided to concentrate on the goods distribution. After assessing their needs, 850 beneficiaries were selected in Aab Barek (Affected village) by the help of NSP (National Solidarity Programme).

The list was also approved by DRRD (Directorate of Rural Rehabilitation and Development). After consultation JEN procure 12 items which include hygiene kits, feeder, powder milk, hand wash soap, Jerry Can etc. Feeder and powder milk was much appreciated by the community. According to the community there are lots of infants who lost their mothers and we are much worried how to feed them. The items for infants mean a life for these children. Hygiene kits were distributed to the people to help them in their daily hygiene practices. Distribution was conducted to the people on 14th of May.



Apart from that, JEN is now in the further process of second assessment for the affected community in Argo district and Badakhshan.

Hanief Khan
Senior Programme Assistant
JEN Islamabad Office

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May 29, 2014 in Afghanistan |


Chikungunya has reached Haiti!

Mosquito borne disease are very common in some parts of the world, including Haiti. Malaria and Dengue fever are commonly known borne disease but Chikungunya? that’s something else….

Chikungunya is transmitting to humans from virus carrying mosquitos and symptoms specific to Chikungunya are fever, rash and joint pains. If you treat fever in the early stage, it should not cause much of problem, however joint pain can last for a while depending your age, original health condition. It has been spreading rapidly in the Caribbean region, and with the summer travel season is around the corner, there is high concern for this disease spreading across North/South America.

As soon as we heard the news about our neighbor country, Dominican Republic suffering from this disease, our mobiliser team has started to visit communities to inform about this disease and what people can do to prevent this.

As seen in Cholera epidemic in Haiti, dieses can spread fast in a country where there are not enough treatment centers (hospitals) and hygiene condition is not ideal. In addition, we have entered the rainy season and due to the lack of drainage system, water is everywhere. We have already seen some actions by NGOs and health care organizations to fight this disease. We hope that this does not turn into another cholera epidemic..

I have been living in Haiti for over a year and never been sick and I hope mosquito finally does not get me! For the next couple months, I do not think I can let insect repellant and mosquito coil out of my sight.


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May 22, 2014 in Haiti |

Visit Amman JEN office

We who are three employees of JEN in Baghdad office visited Amman JEN office during April for few days.


Our visit program includes several meetings with our officials in Amman to discuss the work of the current project and the preparation and planning for the upcoming projects and the exchange of views about this. As well as our visit program included meeting between every one of us with our counterparts employees in Amman office for the exchange of experiences between us. (The Amman Office is also the base for the activities in Iraq.)

Amman office has prepared us a visit to Syrian refugee camp in Amman (Zatree Camp). We had spent a full day at the camp, and we have seen the activities of JEN and other organizations within the camp. Then we visited the schools inside the camp and meeting with the headmasters of these schools to discuss with them about the problems they face especially in the field of hygiene and maintenance of health facilities.
As well as we met some of the families, where the staff of the organization who are in the camp saw us how the meeting with families and guide them to maintain cleanliness and raise their awareness of health to avoid infectious diseases.
As well as we visited stations of water storage inside the camp and we saw the processing of families with water.

In fact it was a successful visit to us and greatly benefited, and we have gained additional experience in our work.

Bassim Yousif

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May 22, 2014 in Iraq |

New project

We could complete our project at Mullaitivu District in north and Ampara District in east funded by Japan government on 28th Feb.
From March we started a new project at Mullaitivu and Kilinochchi District in north funded by Japan government.

Based on our experience, we operate;

As the livelihood rehabilitation based on agriculture;
1.Support for water supply based on agriculture: Construction of 48 agro-wells, and distribution of water pump and fences to protect the well
2.Support for improvement of productivity: Holding agricultural workshop such as making compost and organic pesticide, and distribution of seeds, plants and agricultural tools
3.Support for improvement of income: Holding marketing workshop to earn the money effectively from their product

And as the rehabilitation of community;
1.Establishment of Well Maintenance Community: Establishment of 24 communities to manage the well and items with workshops to learn the merit of organization and leadership
2.Establishment of agricultural cooperative society: Establishment of 5 cooperative societies to develop as the community

On the project, we work at Puthukkudiyiruppu in Mullaitivu District where we have had our project, newly Oddusuddan in Mullaitivu District and Pachchilaipalli in Kilinochchi District.


The reason of the selection is followings;
・Puthukkudiyiruppu in Mullaitivu: Isolated area from the supports due to a muddy road
・Oddusuddan in Mullaitivu: Most affected area by the war in Mullaitivu District
・Pachchilaipalli in Kilinochchi: Just resettled area on 2012

I’ll introduce each project sites from next time.

Administration & Finance Officer  Tomoo Nasuda


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May 22, 2014 in Sri Lanka |


Kuku culture

My name is Emmanuel Kenneth Duku I work for JEN an Administration Officer, in this article I am writing about my tribe culture. My tribe is called (KUKU) and our land is called Kajo Keji, it is located in the southern part of the country and it has five administrative payam namely (Kangapo 1, Kangapo 2, Lire, Liwolo, Nyepo), the name kajo keji is given to the land of Kuku (Kajo Keji county) after a tribe chief called (kajok – Koji).
Kuku is a part of a larger group called Bari in Central Equatoria State with an approximately number of 542,000.

We speak the same dialogue as Bari with differences in the pronunciation and it’s called KUKU dialogue it can also be written and it has 27 alphabets.

A E I O U Ö – B D G J K L – M N P R S T – W Y ’B ’D Ý Ŋ – NY GB KP 

The tribe main economic falls on agriculture, majority the families depends of farming in the villages and the crops are mainly millet, maize, rice and vegetables, we also care of cattle’s (sheep’s, goats and cows). Other products made are knives and spears used for hunting, drums are also made for preforming songs also gourds, flutes are made.   

There are different types of dance depends on the occasion if there is drought young men of the tribe dance for the rain to come and it comes and people farm and harvest then people also dance to show our happiness and thank to the almighty God. In funerals there is a type of dance too whereby the family of the late dance to show their grief. Kuku also love and write songs they are usually from true stories and animals are widely used to describe characters, as for the kids they normally listen to stories that are told by elders. Today in the village we wear modern cloth, but in the past cloths are made from animals skins and trees fibres and they only used for covering sensitive places in the human body.

As for the beauty women wear earrings made from metal and men make scars in their body as a sign being a man so that women recognise and like you but the scares part of doesn’t apply for females and they are not allowed to do so.  As a followed practice normally men go hunting during the day and women spend most of their time working at farming and other chores, females would come back home earlier than men to start cooking for the kids at home, young boys and girls go get water from the water point, young men are normally though by their fathers and elders how to hunt and ladies are thought by their mother how to cook and tread their husbands.

A person is given highest respect   if he is wealthy having money or animal but generally respect goes to the elders followed by young men and lastly women and kids. Few signs of respect to the elderly people are that they are to handle solving of problems at their houses level and in the community their words are listen to and followed. Marriage processes are a very long process whereby the family goes to another community boma and find a girl with a good background, it used to be ancestry and behaviours but now education is included and when the chosen girl has a bad background then the family will move to another village looking for a better respectful girl with a good background then the family would learn about their behaviours and if the family of the bride agrees then the marriage will officially start, previously a girl has nothing to say if her parents and elders agreed but now there should be an agreement from both sides, dowries are normally paid in form of cash and animals .

In the community most decisions are made by the elders and if there is a conflict and loss of souls then the solution is the elders have to sit down and discuss a better solution and for crimes like murder normally after forgiveness then the person must pay animal such as sheep`s cows and goats sometime a piece of farm which will be given to the family that lost their person, Some of the community rules, among the others, are to give respects one another and to keep privacy each other.

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May 15, 2014 in South Sudan |

Crossing the “River Indus”, a Fairy Tale Journey

The newly established 25th District of Khyber Pukhtoonkhwah “Tor Ghar (The Black Mountain) was visited for assessing the needs of the people. It’s a mountainous region covering area of 454 Sq Km with a population of 300,000.

During the visit an amazing journey took place. The area is divided into two parts by River Indus and there are boats which are the means of transportation from crossing to other side and approaching markets. The people usually travel via boat as it takes less time to reach other destinations.  From one side by jeep we travelled for 55 minutes to reach the assessing area, while returning via boat took only 15 minutes.  The biggest Dam of Pakistan called Tarbela Dam is situated very near to Tor Ghar on Indus River.


Viewing the river from above seemed that it’s a calm and steady water flow. However when the journey is started it took us by surprise. In the middle of Indus the water was coming with enormous speed and the up and down flow made we appalled. The person who was driving the boat ensured us that he had the control and there is no need to be afraid. After crossing the middle deeper part the water became steady and the journey was then became pleasant.

The Indus is covered from both sides by the mountains and it seemed that we are characters of a fairy tale going on a mysterious journey with panic and serene times. It was a unique experience of crossing the river Indus in Tor Ghar.


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May 15, 2014 in Pakistan |

Spring season and the rebirth of nature and going to school

Spring is the first season of the solar year, and every year the first day of the New Year is called to be celebrated in Afghanistan and the days of the ancient past of this land for our heritage has been and a day across the country to celebrate this day is a public holiday

Beside of that the second day as the first day of the New Year is a public holiday and called it farmer day and schools in some provinces, including Kabul, Afghanistan
In this resolve in all areas including green trees and flowers are alive with many different colors and a green environment, and Fruit trees are in the season of the year and one can see the beautiful green setting of trees.


All school students go to schools from grades one to twelve, beside of this in the beginning of the year a large number of children who are 7 years of age to go to school, The children are enrolled in school by their families and have no information about the school and the teachers always have something new for them, and children are encouraged by their families to go to school, And this year there is a large number of boys and girls enrolled in schools that same year, their number may be higher than the millions around the country.


But the only problem is the lack of security and peace for the children of their children trying to be a bright future for the people serving literate generation for the future on their

Prepared by A.Fahim

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May 15, 2014 in Afghanistan |


Need Survey

As far as JEN concerned, the need survey has been certified as a major part of the NGO policy, and is the first step of JEN's projects.
Need survey is considered as one of the basic tools of knowledge and is also used in pointing out the weakness of a case study specifically in larger communities, such as schools, health centers ...etc.

Such as schools and health centers rehabilitation, through in the site visits, JEN has taken the responsibility into establishing a database to ensure the health conditions for the all the sites. The survey may have a direct impact on the institutional and personal cleanliness through giving instructions that may help the individuals into keeping their personal health safe through creating better environment.



Taken school students as an example, they suffer a lot, specially the younger ones in crowded schools where there is a leak in providing enough health and educational support. Thus, Need survey helps to find the roots of the problems and the methods of solving these problems. It is the way of that guarantees positive results, for all those whom are involved, specially the beneficiaries (especially the students in this case), the addressing those whom may have been concerned.

JEN follows two sorts of surveys. The first one is Need survey, as previously indicated. The feature of Need survey is done in the phase of pre-rehabilitation through involving beneficiaries in a wide assessment. It happens though asking question to be able to estimate the health environment of the individuals via taking samples of the beneficiaries in order to be able to have a telling picture.
The second type is Monitoring survey. The survey is done after the school is rehabilitated. The right training is provided to the teams which conduct the monitoring survey. Therefore, the teams will take care of the real outcome of the project.
JEN takes advantage of information from those surveys in order to promote effective projects along with the local needs.

Asmaa Amer  (JEN Local Staff as the Hygiene trainer)

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May 8, 2014 in Iraq |

Interview to a cooperative society member in North

Mrs M.Selvarani in Barathi puram village in Visuvamadu East GN division has seven children. Now she is living with her 6 family members in recently constructed Indian house. Her daughter died & son missed during the war time.  In 2009 during the displaced time she lost all her properties. She was a famous farmer before she displaced in her village. She used to include latest techniques & using organic compost in her agricultural work and had been gained more profit in her work.

After 2010 she returned she land she received only a tent as shelter. She had struggled to set the tent as alone & she faced economy problems. Her husband had mentally & physically upset to start earlier life. So, she was unable to do odd jobs. So Mrs M.Selvarani pulled to restart her livelihood.

That time JEN entered to her life. JEN has helped to her to meet expected needs. So she restarted earlier joy fully life. JEN formed cooperative society. And she interested to joint this society. Now she is member of cooperative society. Now she is enjoying to product organic compost & makes a good relationship between the village people. Her dream is build up healthy next generation. She hopes that her village will be clean, because the cooperative society will collect the garbage from villagers to product compost. She hopes income from CMY will help to improve her village economy and manage disaster situation.

[Collecting the material]

[operating multichopper to make the compost]

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May 8, 2014 in Sri Lanka |


Brief Report on (DFSA) Consultative Workshop

Food Security Cluster KP/FATA jointly chaired by UNFAO and UNWFP arranged a half-day consultative workshop in Peshawar on Detailed Food Security Assessment (DFSA) in KP/FATA. Partners of Food Security Cluster across KP/FATA including JEN participated in this event.

In current situation KP/FATA are facing complex emergency humanitarian situation. Large numbers of people are compelled to live in displacement in different cities of KP from various agencies of FATA as a result of armed conflict between the miscreants and law enforcing agencies. Aid agencies have been relying on data from different sources about displaced population, demographics and different needs to design their programming. The data available was not sufficient keeping in view the different aspects of displaced people residing in various cities of KP.

A need was felt at the cluster level to conduct a detailed assessment of displaced people in KP and FATA both in-camp and off-camp with objective to assess the overall food security situation including their consumption patterns, income and expenditures,  available stock of food, risk and their coping mechanism. The concept was actualized in 2013 and a technical working group was developed who finalized tools and methodologies for the assessment. The assessment was conducted in December 2013 and January, 2014. 2 Staffs of JEN were part of this assessment in D I Khan. Data collected has been analyzed and the detail report is expected in May 2014 that will be shared with all the cluster members. The workshop was aimed to consult with cluster partner on the data findings and to include their inputs to help make the detailed report more authentic and acceptable to all the partners.

Data was collected through HH survey, focus group discussions and market assessment from 1500 HHs, 40 FGDs and 51 market assessments. Overall 60 food security and associated indicators including demographics, vulnerability and protection, food security and others like education, WASH, Nutrition etc were studied in the survey and results were analyzed. Data was collected from 3 IDP camps, 4 off-camp districts, 2 FATA agencies and 51 markets. 

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May 1, 2014 in Pakistan |

Afghanistan historical elections

At last the moment has arrived in Afghanistan when the people are selecting their government by their own choice in a transparent way. Many observers call the current ongoing elections as a historic event in the history of Afghanistan. The country which is going through the difficult time from many decades has shown to the world that they are peaceful and they believe on democracy.

According to news sources almost 60% voters have casted their votes. The total turnout from the election is 7 million out of 12 million.

JEN staffs also participated in voting. There was a security risk all over Afghanistan during the election period but according to some JEN staffs; it was their moral duty to cast their vote for the better future of their country. They are expecting whoever becomes the next president of Afghanistan, he should address the basic needs of Afghan people. He should lead the country by making an example to the world that Afghanistan and the people of Afghanistan can stand on their feet by themselves. The people of Afghanistan want peace, which will make them able to become prosperous like the other developed countries.

The result of 1st round of election will be announced on April 26th and 2nd round on May 14th. 

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May 1, 2014 in Afghanistan |

The Rara.

The second cultural event of Haiti to make it simple! It’s been one year here that I’m here in Haiti. The first time I couldn’t participate at this even, but for this time it was impossible to miss the Rara. Of course the first even is the carnival but for me the Rara looks much more authentic. You can experiment carnival in divers countries in the Caribbean’s.

It wasn’t so easy to understand the meaning of the Rara. From outside, one month before the Easter weekend 20th of April, all nights you see bands with instruments (trumpet, homemade tuba…) walking on the street, making sounds with a group of people behind them and a wheelbarrow with a cooler in it full of drinks. They walk around on the road, with batteries on another wheelbarrow for the light. Time to time the group stops, one man moves forward with a whip and stroke it with passion and intensity several times. Then the group moves again with the music. If you live along a major street you might hate the months of March and April.

The other inconvenient is if you meet them in a road; you will be stuck for a while, few minutes if you are lucky around an hour if you are not. You have to imagine to meet a group of hundred(s) people, in the middle of a high way singing, dancing, playing music and drinking. The only thing to do is enjoy the music be patient and keep calm.

Back to the beginning. I try to figure out the origin of that strange (for me at this time) event by asking the native around me. What usually come out is that’s related to Voodoo with no more explanation. As it wasn’t enough for me I started to dig deeper to finally get logical explanation. Apparently this is practiced in parts of Africa (West) so definitely related to the slave nation.

Basically, just before the rainy season farmers call the other farmer in the neighborhood for help, in order to prepare the field. And this represents the trip during the night from their original location to the field who ask for support. So why during the night; simply because they work during the day.

This happens for a period of one month after the carnival. But during the Easter weekend all of the groups gather in the City for a parade. The parade starts around 6pm and the party finish the day after and can run until 10am. This year no incidence was reported.


For me it was really important to participate at this even to understand as it’s culturally important. For us to be present was an opportunity to deliver basic hygiene promotion messages, realize “hand washing stands” and remind people, mainly child that washing hands can reduce significantly the risk of contamination.

Head of Office in JEN Haiti
Ludovic Blanco

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May 1, 2014 in Haiti |