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Climate of Parwan Province

Parwan is the central region province of Afghanistan which located north of Kabul with the population of 631,600. All the population is multi-ethnic and it is mostly a rural society. The primary occupations are agriculture and animal husbandry. The strategic importance of Parwan province is it that Salang highway traversed from it, which links Kabul to the Northern provinces of Afghanistan.


Parwan province has dry and cold climate, Parwan has clearly defined season. Summer is hot and dry while winter is extremely cold. Summer temperature is high as 40 °C has been recorded while midwinter temperature is as low as -20 °C.


Temperature often changes greatly within a single day. Variation in temperature during the day may range from freezing condition at dawn to the upper 12 °C at noon in winter season.


In the winter months (November through March) Northerly winds flows south from Russia, bringing blizzards, freezing rain, lashing winds and blankets of snow. This condition always closes supply-route of Salang highway.




People who can afford fuel and firewood buy and store it in their houses before the winter approaches but poor people are always suffering in the winter seasons as they can’t afford fuel and other things which are keeping them warm in winters. They can’t do labour work in winters as the construction is impossible due to heavy snow and rains. Roads and streets are usually closed due to heavy snow in winter so the community is removing the snow with the help of traditional spade to make it walk able.




There were several disasters in winter due to heavy snow and many people killed in it.  One of the most tragic incidents was back in February 2010 when 165 passengers killed and 135 more injured near Salang tunnel in a road accident. 


Reporter :
JEN Senior Officer



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February 20, 2014 in Afghanistan |