03/30/2017

Water delivered to citizens

Aid in the form of 42,420 bottles of 500mL water was provided to citizens who previously resided in the area, JEN assisted, once occupied by armed militia.

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March 30, 2017 in Iraq |

03/24/2017

Emergency Assistance To Those Who Escaped ‘Mosul Liberation Campaign’

Due to the liberation operation that began on October 17th 2017, many of those who lived in the suburban city of Mosul, as well as those from its prefectural border have been forced to leave their homes.


They have been evacuated to a temporary building at the emergency camp. At the camp, there is no organized system like the one at prepared refugee camps that are designed to accept people.


JEN has distributed blankets, mattresses, and plastic sheets to the emergency camp residents of about 1800 households.

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March 24, 2017 in Iraq |

03/16/2017

Heavy snow left major damage to Parwan Province

The heavy snow on February 4, 2017 affected many people in Parwan Province.
On February 8, the disaster control office of Afghanistan's government and the governor of Parwan Province called an urgent meeting. 

Officers from each governmental office and international support organizations including JEN attended the meeting.  The head of the disaster prevention office chaired the meeting and reported an overview of the damage to the attendees as follows.

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[Meeting with the Head of the National Disaster Control Office and relevant organizations]

The first reports of damage were received from each province.  16 people were reported dead (14 from Puli Sangi village in Surkhi Parsa and 2 from Sia Gird), 13 people injured, 400 houses completely or partially-destroyed, and 347 livestock perished in many places throughout the province. 

The report was provided orally and the chair called for international support organizations and officers from the province to undertake further investigation. The IOM (the International Organization for Migration) and the WFP (the World Food Programme) agreed to provide both non-food items and food to disaster-hit households. 

The Danish Refugee Council (DRC), the NGO, and the national disaster control office announced that they would provide money to households with injured or missing family members. 

JEN agreed to send one of our staff members with a car to accompany the team when they conduct further investigations in the provinces of Charikar, Bagram, Sayed Khil, Jabul Saraj, and Salang.

The investigation in 9 districts in Barwan Province was headed by the IOM, and 5 teams, comprising NGOs, the national disaster control office, and other governmental bodies, were assigned to conduct an investigation from February 9 to February 13.

Through research, our team found that a total of 10 houses were completely destroyed and 34 houses were partially destroyed in the provinces of Charikar, Jabul Salaj, Bagram, and Sayed Khil.

JEN and other NGOs were unable to conduct any investigations in Surkhi Parsa and Sia Gird due to safety reasons, so the national disaster control office and the International Committee of the Red Cross did so instead. Also, investigations in Salang were delayed due to a blocked road caused by heavy snow.

During our work, we interviewed Mr. Wali Ahmad, one of the victims. His house had two rooms and a kitchen, but the heavy snow damaged one of the rooms and the kitchen.
Mr. Ahmad has a family of 10, so one room is not enough for all the family members to sleep.  He said it was difficult to repair the damage immediately because of the bad weather.  Also, he could not afford to rebuild the room so he asked the NGO for help.

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[Mr. Ahmad Wali's house, damaged by the heavy snow in Charikar province]

After looking in his house, the DRC approved the building of two rooms, a kitchen, and a shelter with toilet for Mr. Wali's family when the winter is over.
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[Mr. Ahmad Wali's kitchen, damaged by the heavy snow]

According to the report, the ministry of national disaster control management began offering non-food items, food, and money to affected households in disaster-hit provinces.
 
Mohamed Yunus,
Engineer,
JEN Afghanistan


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March 16, 2017 in Afghanistan |

03/09/2017

We have decided upon our programs for the next season

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Mt. Sinjar is one of our activity sites.
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We will continue providing support in the refugee camp.
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We will restore wells and water supply networks in the Sinjar area.
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We will continue the water supply project in the Mt. Sinjar areas.

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March 9, 2017 in Iraq |

02/28/2017

Emergency Support Provided in the Refugee Camp For Those Who Escaped from Mosul Liberation Operation

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At the “Emergency Camp, a total of 1,800 families (about 10,000 people) are temporary taking shelter in buildings under construction. These people are from both evacuated areas near Mosul. These refugees were affected by the operation to liberate Mosul which began on October 17, 2016.

Since October assistance has been provided by many international organizations. However, there is still a lack of facilities because numbers of refugees flowing into the camp are continuously rising. Further, the minimum temperature on site goes down to around zero degrees every day since this January. Emergency support for the winter season is necessary until the spring comes.

We call the buildings in which the refugees are living an “Emergency Camp” because this area is not recognized either as a refugee Camp or an IDP (internally displaced persons) camp, but was spontaneously established because of its urgent need.
 
This camp is not yet operated in a well-organized way like other established refugee camps, which receive fixed numbers of people based on capacity after being readied. This camp has buildings under construction and public facilities like schools. The camp JEN is working with is still under construction. Windows and doors have not been fully completed.

In this emergency camp, JEN is going to provide plastic sheets for people in order to keep the rain and wind out, so that they can live safely. We will also deliver blankets and mattresses

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated. DONATE here

February 28, 2017 in Iraq |

02/23/2017

House-to-House Survey on Hygiene Education Project

Each year, JEN conducts a house-to-house survey to confirm the efficacy of hygiene education.

In January, JEN’s staff visited the houses of students who had received hygiene education last year to check whether the students reported what they had been taught in the project to their families.

JEN’s staff interviewed 75 households in areas around 30 schools in Charikar, COUNTRY. Some questions asked to the students and their families were: “Did you explain to your family what you had been taught in hygiene education?”, “How much did you understand what your child/children learned in hygiene education and did you implement its practice?”,

These interviews covered water purification, food sanitation, making oral rehydration salts, washing hands, and toilet use. “Who taught you about hygiene?” was also on the questionnaire.

JEN’s staff asked students’ families to show how they wash hands with soap, and took photos of bathrooms and the condition of purified water of each hose they visited.

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[House-to-house survey conducted in the community of Totomdara Ulia Girls’ School. A child and his mother are washing hands with soap, the way they were taught.]

After all the questions, the subjects were asked what they thought about JEN’s hygiene education project.

In a survey in Aljehad Totomdara Ulia Boy School area, Pista Gul, aged 70, said;
“I think the children’s hygiene education project is a very good way to spread knowledge on health. People in this village including myself weren’t taught about hygiene at school, so we have a lack of knowledge about the matter.
However, my grandchildren received education about hygiene and taught family members what they learned from the project.”

Gul referred to an irrigation ditch near her house, the only source of water,
“We used to have diarrhea often before the hygiene education. We had no idea why.
However, after we learned that it is caused by the water from the irrigation ditch, we disinfect the water with chlorine before we drink it. I thank JEN for the hygiene education.
I wish I had been taught about hygiene earlier. ”

JEN is going to analyze the house-to-house survey and expect the results to be positive.

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[Pista Gul being interviewed by a JEN staff member as part of the household survey.]


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February 23, 2017 in Afghanistan |

02/16/2017

Difficulty of timing of rain

The anxiety caused by drought due to climate change in Sri Lanka was discussed in our previous staff blog. However, this time we are writing of the damage to farming caused by rain.
Once the rainy season begins, many families in Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu cultivate beans such as black eyed peas, azuki beans, peanuts etc. They utilize huge plots of land, ranging from 500 square metres to 1000 square metres, which is beyond the imagination of ordinary families in Japan, and which allows them to harvest between 35 kg to 50 kg of beans.
The harvested beans are divided into three portions; those to sell at market, those to eat at home, and those to preserve as seeds for the next cultivation. Beans which are preserved as seeds for next time will be planted for longer and dried naturally.
Once these beans are harvested, they are stored in a dry place for 45 days. After that, people can plant these beans as seeds again. If beans are not dried enough and then planted as they are, an abundant crop of beans cannot be expected even if the seeds sprout. 
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[Cultivation full of black eyed peas in farmland]
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[Dried mung beans as seeds for cultivation]
Since black eyed peas and azuki beans do not require much water, lots of seeds could be
harvested this season notwithstanding the small amount of rainfall.
However, during this year’s harvest, heavy rain continued for a week in Mullaitivu damaging seeds which need to be dried naturally. Wet crops sprout easily so they are not suitable for food.
Moreover, they cannot be used as seeds for the next cultiv ation as they aren’t sufficiently dried. Farmers regretfully showed us their damaged crops.
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[Black eyed peas which sprouted due to rain]
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[Damaged mung beans]
Thus, it doesn’t rain when it’s necessary but on the other hand, it rains when sunshine is needed. This often occurring situation repeatedly places those people reliant upon farming for their living into a vulnerable position.
In Sri Lanka, where the weather is continuously unstable due to climate change, a further measure to minimize this risk is required.

February 16, 2017 in Sri Lanka |

Snow

It snowed yesterday in Kirkuk. It had continued from morning to afternoon, covering the whole city of Kirkuk with snow. The snow lasted for 3 hours but the temperature dropped to zero degree and it was very cold. In There has not been any snowing since 2008 in Kirkuk.
Most of the refugees are living in the camp, shivering without any way to ward off the cold. We hope every refugee could go back home soon. May the people of the world hold out their hand to them, and also Iraq.

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February 16, 2017 in Iraq |

02/09/2017

Federally Administrated Tribal Area (FATA)

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[JEN’s support area in Pakistan as of 2014]


In Pakistan, military operations were carried out to clear the armed groups, and little by little, people who were forced to refuge have been coming back to their home towns. Today, we will show you how things came about and what is expected to happen in our support area.

Federally Administrated Tribal Area (FATA) is located in the northwestern part of Pakistan. Geographically, FATA consists of seven Agencies - Bajaur, Mohmand, Khyber, Orakzai, Kurram, North Waziristan and South Waziristan - and six Frontier Regions - Peshawar, Kohat, Bannu, Lakki Marwat, Tank and Dera Ismail Khan - FATA is directly controlled by the federal government of Pakistan based on a set of special laws called the Frontier Crimes Regulations (FCR).  Each agency’s representative is called Political Agent, and substitutes for the governor of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province.

The eastern and southern parts of FATA are close to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan Provinces, respectively. Its western and northern parts border on Kunar, Nangarhar, Paktia, Khost and Paktica Provinces in Afghanistan.

In 2001, Pakistan Army started military operations in order to stop terrorist activities, which were growing in number in this area. As a result, a lot of people refuged to other areas, from 2008 to 2014, in particular.

Today, it is announced that most of the FATA area is safe and more than 75 percent of the refugees have come back to their homelands. Once public order is restored, full-scale supports will be offered. Now, several groups such as the United Nations and local and international NGOs, including JEN, provide supports.

For the purpose of FATA recovery, the national congress is discussing a bill to unite FATA with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It was officially proposed on 24 January this year. Many political parties support the bill. A budget of 100 billion Pakistan Rupee a year has also been proposed. FATA will greatly benefit from this  unification.

By sharing the same administrative system with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, public services such as education, healthcare, social welfare, legal and security will be offered effectively. People will be able to get jobs in their local areas. Several business opportunities will be created. After all, the biggest advantage from the recovery is that peace will be achieved in this area.


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February 9, 2017 in Pakistan |

02/02/2017

Creating Rikuzentakata’s Tomorrow Together with Young People

Rikuzentakata is a city not only abundant with beautiful nature as deeply-indented coastlines and mountains rising sheer from the coastline, but also soaked with rich history and culture including 900-year-old Kenka Tanabata festival and nationally-known versatile Kesendiku carpenters.

The massive tsunami triggered by the Great Eastern Earthquake struck the city, claiming the lives of more than 1,800 people and completely destroying more than half of the houses.

At present, with the intention to complete by around 2020, the city is working on building a town less vulnerable to disasters, development of residential land in upland areas that are not reached by tsunami and non-residential commercial land in lowland areas, as well as construction of coastal levees.

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【The coastal area of Rikuzentakata, Iwate Prefecture used as a temporary disposal site for waste soil, and road traffic is rerouted until March 3, 2019.】

However, challenging problems such as population aging and low birth rate are being faced by the city. Although young people had had a tendency to lose interest in returning to the city once leaving home for college education or work of their own choice, evacuees in the city are also losing confidence in continuing to live in their hometown due to prolonged life in shelters and industrial stagnation, resulting in 20% less population than before.

Nevertheless, some people chose to head for the city to help Rikuzentakata’s recovery after the disaster. Many of them still remain in the city, and you can often see young people among them working for the city hall or NPOs.

Mr. Sasaki, chairman of SAVETAKATA Association (JEN’s partner), had lived away from his hometown Rikuzentakata for education and work since graduating from high school, but it was on the first day after the disaster that he set up SAVETAKATA and started supportive activities in his hometown. Six years later, he and his staff members have been leading the city’s rebuilding efforts.

After completing high school, a little less than 200 students choose either entering a higher level of schooling or finding work. It came as a surprise to him to discover that a few students wonder if there is anything that they can do for the city’s recovery, but most of them leave their hometown without having an opportunity to think about building a career at home.

Accordingly, he thought as follows: although making a career choice is something for students to decide, it is shame that they leave and become distant with their hometown without knowing how many good points it has or how challenging it is to make a career at home; if students had firsthand experience of getting through issues of their hometown, it would not only help them have positive belief in themselves and enrich their lives, but also inspire the adults around them to show greater efforts to revitalize their hometown.

Consequently, he and local volunteers launched “Preparatory Committee to Support the Development of the Next Generation.” JEN is assisting the committee’s project.

In cooperation with school officials and people in the community, the committee members visited a junior school in Rikuzentakata to give a lecture on how attractive their hometown is and how wonderful it is to work at home.

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【Rikuzentakata, Iwate Prefecture( Ohsumi Tsudoinooka Temporary Shopping Street)】

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February 2, 2017 in Tohoku Earthquake |