03/30/2017

Providing First-Aid Kits

First-aid kits should be kept in schools and households to treat minor injuries and prevent further infections.

In Afghanistan, although public medical institutions like hospitals are not widely available for people to receive treatments, most people lack knowledge on first-aid treatment. A first-aid kit may not be enough to fully protect family members and students from injuries, but it does help to prevent conditions from worsening.

A first-aid kit consists of various items that can be used to treat external wounds such as cuts, bruises, sprains, and burns. Ideally, first-aid kits should be at hand not only in schools and households but also at event venues, in vehicles, as well as during travels.

JEN has been providing first-aid kits in addition to sanitary items such as soap and toothbrushes to all schools assisted since 2011.

Last year, I went to monitor sanitary education at Main Shakh High School. The school is located in Charikar district, which is far from the city and it is hard for the residents to visit hospitals.

When JEN staff arrived at the school, we met an injured student. He stepped on a piece of glass on the way to school and his foot was bleedin. I called the school guard right away, and we carried him into the school, where the principal, a teacher, and I used the first-aid kit provided by JEN to treat the wound.

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[JEN staff member showing how to treat the wound]

The student seemed very relieved: without first aid treatment, his bleeding could have gotten worse.

The principal had also treated a girl who cut her finger three weeks ago, after finding her and her mother struggling to get to a distant hospital.

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[Treating a child who cut his foot]

Although the principal has some knowledge on first aid, most other teachers and the village residents do not know how to use the first-aid kit. JEN has provided sanitary education as part of its assistance, and the teachers asked for a session for them to learn how to use the first-aid kit as well.

Sultan Khamoush
JEN Field officer, Afghanistan Project


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March 30, 2017 in Afghanistan |

Water delivered to returnees

Aid in the form of 42,420 bottles of 500mL water was provided to returnees who previously resided in the area, JEN assisted, once occupied by armed groups.

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March 30, 2017 in Iraq |

03/24/2017

Emergency Assistance To Those Who Escaped ‘Mosul Liberation Campaign’

Due to the liberation operation that began on October 17th 2017, many of those who lived in the suburban city of Mosul, as well as those from its prefectural border have been forced to leave their homes.


They have been evacuated to a temporary building at the camp. At the camp, there is no organized system like the one at prepared camps that are designed to receive and protect people.


JEN has distributed blankets, mattresses, and plastic sheets to the emergency camp residents of about 1800 households.

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March 24, 2017 in Iraq |

03/16/2017

Heavy snow left major damage to Parwan Province

The heavy snow on February 4, 2017 affected many people in Parwan Province.
On February 8, the disaster control office of Afghanistan's government and the governor of Parwan Province called an urgent meeting. 

Officers from each governmental office and international support organizations including JEN attended the meeting.  The head of the disaster prevention office chaired the meeting and reported an overview of the damage to the attendees as follows.

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[Meeting with the Head of the National Disaster Control Office and relevant organizations]

The first reports of damage were received from each province.  16 people were reported dead (14 from Puli Sangi village in Surkhi Parsa and 2 from Sia Gird), 13 people injured, 400 houses completely or partially-destroyed, and 347 livestock perished in many places throughout the province. 

The report was provided orally and the chair called for international support organizations and officers from the province to undertake further investigation. The IOM (the International Organization for Migration) and the WFP (the World Food Programme) agreed to provide both non-food items and food to disaster-hit households. 

The Danish Refugee Council (DRC), the NGO, and the national disaster control office announced that they would provide money to households with injured or missing family members. 

JEN agreed to send one of our staff members with a car to accompany the team when they conduct further investigations in the provinces of Charikar, Bagram, Sayed Khil, Jabul Saraj, and Salang.

The investigation in 9 districts in Barwan Province was headed by the IOM, and 5 teams, comprising NGOs, the national disaster control office, and other governmental bodies, were assigned to conduct an investigation from February 9 to February 13.

Through research, our team found that a total of 10 houses were completely destroyed and 34 houses were partially destroyed in the provinces of Charikar, Jabul Salaj, Bagram, and Sayed Khil.

JEN and other NGOs were unable to conduct any investigations in Surkhi Parsa and Sia Gird due to safety reasons, so the national disaster control office and the International Committee of the Red Cross did so instead. Also, investigations in Salang were delayed due to a blocked road caused by heavy snow.

During our work, we interviewed Mr. Wali Ahmad, one of the victims. His house had two rooms and a kitchen, but the heavy snow damaged one of the rooms and the kitchen.
Mr. Ahmad has a family of 10, so one room is not enough for all the family members to sleep.  He said it was difficult to repair the damage immediately because of the bad weather.  Also, he could not afford to rebuild the room so he asked the NGO for help.

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[Mr. Ahmad Wali's house, damaged by the heavy snow in Charikar province]

After looking in his house, the DRC approved the building of two rooms, a kitchen, and a shelter with toilet for Mr. Wali's family when the winter is over.
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[Mr. Ahmad Wali's kitchen, damaged by the heavy snow]

According to the report, the ministry of national disaster control management began offering non-food items, food, and money to affected households in disaster-hit provinces.
 
Mohamed Yunus,
Engineer,
JEN Afghanistan


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March 16, 2017 in Afghanistan |

03/09/2017

We have decided upon our programs for the next season

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Mt. Sinjar is one of our activity sites.
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We will continue providing support in the IDP camp.
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We will restore wells and water supply networks in the Sinjar area.
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We will continue the water supply project in the Mt. Sinjar areas.
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March 9, 2017 in Iraq |

03/03/2017

Emergency assistance We started preparing emergency assistance to people who were forced to return from Pakistan to Afghanistan

The number of people who were forced to go back from Pakistan to Afghanistan is estimated to be over 620,000*.

As part of the emergency assistance, packages of daily items will be distributed in Jalalabad to 1,000 returnee families. We are currently in the process of preparing for the distribution.

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* UNOCHA, Afghanistan: Refugee Crisis Situation Report No. 6 (as of 29 January 2017)

JEN accepts donations to help responding to this state of emergency. Details are here.

March 3, 2017 in Afghanistan |

02/28/2017

Emergency Support Provided in the Emergency Camp For Those Who fled from Mosul Liberation Operation

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At the “Emergency Camp, a total of 1,800 families (about 10,000 people) are temporary taking shelter in buildings under construction. These people are from both evacuated areas near Mosul. These evacuees were affected by the operation to liberate Mosul which began on October 17, 2016.

Since October assistance has been provided by many international organizations. However, there is still a lack of facilities because numbers of people flowing into the camp are continuously rising. Further, the minimum temperature on site goes down to around zero degrees every day since this January. Emergency support for the winter season is necessary until the spring comes.

We call the buildings in which the evacuees are living an “Emergency Camp” because this area is not recognized either as a refugee Camp or an IDP (internally displaced persons) camp, but was spontaneously established because of its urgent need.
 
This camp is not yet operated in a well-organized way like other established refugee camps, which receive fixed numbers of people based on capacity after being readied. This camp has buildings under construction and public facilities like schools. The camp JEN is working with is still under construction. Windows and doors have not been fully completed.


In this emergency camp, JEN is going to provide plastic sheets for people in order to keep the rain and wind out, so that they can live safely. We will also deliver blankets and mattresses.


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February 28, 2017 in Iraq |

02/23/2017

House-to-House Survey on Hygiene Education Project

Each year, JEN conducts a house-to-house survey to confirm the efficacy of hygiene education.

In January, JEN’s staff visited the houses of students who had received hygiene education last year to check whether the students reported what they had been taught in the project to their families.

JEN’s staff interviewed 75 households in areas around 30 schools in Charikar, COUNTRY. Some questions asked to the students and their families were: “Did you explain to your family what you had been taught in hygiene education?”, “How much did you understand what your child/children learned in hygiene education and did you implement its practice?”,

These interviews covered water purification, food sanitation, making oral rehydration salts, washing hands, and toilet use. “Who taught you about hygiene?” was also on the questionnaire.

JEN’s staff asked students’ families to show how they wash hands with soap, and took photos of bathrooms and the condition of purified water of each hose they visited.

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[House-to-house survey conducted in the community of Totomdara Ulia Girls’ School. A child and his mother are washing hands with soap, the way they were taught.]

After all the questions, the subjects were asked what they thought about JEN’s hygiene education project.

In a survey in Aljehad Totomdara Ulia Boy School area, Pista Gul, aged 70, said;
“I think the children’s hygiene education project is a very good way to spread knowledge on health. People in this village including myself weren’t taught about hygiene at school, so we have a lack of knowledge about the matter.
However, my grandchildren received education about hygiene and taught family members what they learned from the project.”

Gul referred to an irrigation ditch near her house, the only source of water,
“We used to have diarrhea often before the hygiene education. We had no idea why.
However, after we learned that it is caused by the water from the irrigation ditch, we disinfect the water with chlorine before we drink it. I thank JEN for the hygiene education.
I wish I had been taught about hygiene earlier. ”

JEN is going to analyze the house-to-house survey and expect the results to be positive.

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[Pista Gul being interviewed by a JEN staff member as part of the household survey.]


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February 23, 2017 in Afghanistan |

02/16/2017

Difficulty of timing of rain

The anxiety caused by drought due to climate change in Sri Lanka was discussed in our previous staff blog. However, this time we are writing of the damage to farming caused by rain.
Once the rainy season begins, many families in Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu cultivate beans such as black eyed peas, azuki beans, peanuts etc. They utilize huge plots of land, ranging from 500 square metres to 1000 square metres, which is beyond the imagination of ordinary families in Japan, and which allows them to harvest between 35 kg to 50 kg of beans.
The harvested beans are divided into three portions; those to sell at market, those to eat at home, and those to preserve as seeds for the next cultivation. Beans which are preserved as seeds for next time will be planted for longer and dried naturally.
Once these beans are harvested, they are stored in a dry place for 45 days. After that, people can plant these beans as seeds again. If beans are not dried enough and then planted as they are, an abundant crop of beans cannot be expected even if the seeds sprout. 
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[Cultivation full of black eyed peas in farmland]
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[Dried mung beans as seeds for cultivation]
Since black eyed peas and azuki beans do not require much water, lots of seeds could be
harvested this season notwithstanding the small amount of rainfall.
However, during this year’s harvest, heavy rain continued for a week in Mullaitivu damaging seeds which need to be dried naturally. Wet crops sprout easily so they are not suitable for food.
Moreover, they cannot be used as seeds for the next cultiv ation as they aren’t sufficiently dried. Farmers regretfully showed us their damaged crops.
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[Black eyed peas which sprouted due to rain]
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[Damaged mung beans]
Thus, it doesn’t rain when it’s necessary but on the other hand, it rains when sunshine is needed. This often occurring situation repeatedly places those people reliant upon farming for their living into a vulnerable position.
In Sri Lanka, where the weather is continuously unstable due to climate change, a further measure to minimize this risk is required.

February 16, 2017 in Sri Lanka |

Snow

It snowed yesterday in Kirkuk. It had continued from morning to afternoon, covering the whole city of Kirkuk with snow. The snow lasted for 3 hours but the temperature dropped to zero degree and it was very cold. In There has not been any snowing since 2008 in Kirkuk.
Most of the refugees are living in the camp, shivering without any way to ward off the cold. We hope every refugee could go back home soon. May the people of the world hold out their hand to them, and also Iraq.

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February 16, 2017 in Iraq |