Precautionary Measures against Congo-Crimean Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) in FATA

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is caused by infection with a tick-borne virus (Nairovirus) in the family Bunyaviridae. The virus is spread by ticks and the disease can find out both human and livestock. The disease was first characterized in the Crimea in 1944 and given the name Crimean hemorrhagic fever. It was then later recognized in 1969 as the cause of illness in the Congo-Africa, thus resulting in the current name is Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever.
Since 1976, it has been present in Pakistan but it became a serious issue in 2000 with 50-60 cases being reported annually. During 2012, 16 deaths were reported. From 2013 to 2016, 60 human blood tests were positive while among them 12 patients had died. Government officials have stressed the need for creating awareness among the public regarding CCHF and plan to do progress against the spread of this disease. There are many unreported cases as well because of lack of awareness.
In this connection, Livestock Department FATA requested JEN to integrate precautionary measures against CCHF into the current ongoing project in Khyber Agency, FATA; funded by Ministry of Foreign Affairs-Japan (MoFA). The reason was that for Eid-ul Adha (religious festival), an enormous number of livestock would be brought for sacrifice from other parts of the country. This issue was urgent so JEN instantly advocated it to the project donor and got approval of taking precautionary measures against CCHF on a priority basis.

【Researching the market was very busy】

【The anti-CCHF spray was done by the team】
JEN provided following supplies to Livestock Department for this purpose.
 Spray Pumps (10 to 12 liters) =  15
 Cypermethrin/Ecofleece  (Liter) = 75
 Masks = 5
 Gloves = 375
 Apron = 15
【Handing over the supplies】 
This activity was completed in 3-days with support from Livestock Department staff and JEN livestock team. The anti-CCHF spray was done in cattle markets in the target area which was visited by more than 50,000 people for sale and purchase of livestock for the festival.  The anti-CCHF spray was employed to 38,000 small and large animals as precautionary measures. It is good that no case regarding CCHF has been reported following this activity from the target area. Livestock department thanked JEN and the MoFA-Japan for allocating resources for this activity for the betterment of people as well as livestock.   
【The spraying in the market】

September 29, 2016 in Pakistan |

Educating the future generation: A small but use full donation by Chikuma to the needy students of Afghanistan

JEN is committed to provide support and assistance to the needy people of Afghanistan. For this purpose, JEN is not only conducting big projects but it also manages small donation from every possible donor.
This year, JEN once again assisted the students at “Charikar Orphanage School”. JEN provided stationary to the students at the above mentioned school through the help of Chikuma. The orphanage school has 160 students (boys) who are from Kabul, Kapisa, Panjshir, Takhar, Baghlan and Badakhshan provinces and 10 districts of Parwan province. JEN provided 160 notebooks and 1,600 pencils to the students. All of the students stay in the orphanage’s hostel and since the beginning of the orphanage, 1,320 students have graduated. JEN distributed the stationery to orphan students in a small ceremony on 25 April. The ceremony was attended by DoLSA (Directorate of Labor and Social Affairs) of Parwan and DoEC (The directorate of Economic) representatives. The distributed items were greatly appreciated by orphanage students, its staff, the DoLSA and the DoEC.

【A view of colorful pencils which were distributed to the students】
This is not the first time that JEN assisted the students at this school. In 2013, JEN also distributed stationery to its students through Chikuma project. Apart from that JEN repaired existing classrooms, kitchen and latrines of the orphanage school in the past, JEN distributed cloths of UNICLO to 160 students in 2015. The basic aim of providing these items was to help those students who cannot buy these items.
The institution still needs a lot of support and assistance. The conditions of the building/hostel and kitchen are not good and need repairing. They do not have access to safe drinking water and presently they are using water from a canal which is filthy. The personal hygiene of the  students is not good and unfortunately, besides the students and the orphanage staff are not following proper hygiene education methods which cause various diseases among them. Whenever there is any possibility, JEN will extend support to the needy and deserving the students of this school.
【Happy looking the students after receiving pencils and notebooks】
【The smiling faces show that these things (stationary) really matter to them】
Muhammad Hanief Khan, 
Senior Programme Assistant, 
JEN, Islamabad.  

September 29, 2016 in Afghanistan |


Shopping in the camp

What kind of things you are using to keep hygienic environment? For example, brooms, dustpans, garbage cans, food containers, buckets and so on. They are necessary to keep clean environment.

The people residing in camp are using limited belongings to keep cleanliness.
In order to live more hygienic environment, JEN voucher to buy cleaning tools and kitchen stuff.
At first, people receive the voucher at the entrance of shop, and then go to select the necessary thins checking by their eyes in the temporarily established “shop”.

[Registration and receiving voucher point]

The “customers” are guided by community hygiene promoter (CHP) and select products thoughtfully.
After selecting products as same amount equal sum of voucher, it is time for payment.

[A customer and CHP guiding the “shop”]

Finally, they stand in a checkout line and receive the selected products.

[Stand the checkout line]

Internal displaced persons living in camp are forced not to buy even essential commodities.
It has been while, did everyone buy essentials?

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

September 23, 2016 in Iraq |


Multi Cluster Assessment of temporarily displaced persons (TDPs) and Returnees

A multi cluster assessment of TDPs and Returnees was organized by UNOCHA in August 2016. Different national and international organizations were requested to support in terms of human and logistics resources. Approximately 33 organizations participated in this assessment process. The teams and locations were divided into two divisions, i.e. Peshawar was nominated as the base for Orakzai, Khyber, and Kurram agencies as well as district Kohat. Dera Ismail Khan was the base for Bannu, Tank, South Waziristan Agency and North Waziristan agency.

JEN staff were nominated for Dera Ismail Khan and Peshawar. Before the survey/assessment, two days training workshops were organized both in Dera Ismail Khan and Peshawar. The questionnaire was comprised of 185 questions regarding multi-sectors like Shelter, Food Security & Livelihoods, WASH, Health, Protection, Nutrition and Education. The average time to fill up the questionnaire was 40 minutes.

JEN’s Peshawar team received given task of 30 beneficiaries in UC Budhani for 3 days, which was successfully completed by the team within the time frame.  The challenges during assessment included strong mobilization of communities and time consumption. Throughout the assessment, UNOCHA security department kept in touch with JEN team regarding the tracking and security updates and advisories.

JEN team was assigned a task to assess 90 families in four days. This team was comprised of 7 members. Assessment team visited 5 locations for this task. The TDPs problems were recorded on the assessment questionnaire. As per initial observations, majority of the people were facing livelihood, health and WASH problems. 

Detailed report of this assessment will be available in 2-month time period. This report will help humanitarian organizations to adjust ongoing programs and design future programs to assist TDPs and provide support in the rehabilitation of returnees.

[Interview of TDP HH in UC Budhani, District  Peshawar]

[Key informant TDPs in UC Budhani, District Peshawar]

[MUAC measurement during HH assessment on nutrition]


【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

September 15, 2016 in Pakistan |

Refugee camp Story

[Karwan Akrawi]

Hi there... My Name is Karwan AbdulKareem Akrawi, I am from Akre in Northern Iraq. Currently I am Computer Science Student at University of Kurdistan-Hawler. Since a long time, I was feeling responsibility and big desire to serve and support people and community even by simple things available especially refugees and displaced people who suffer from the most basic necessities of life as humanitarian service. In our educational system, we have summer break for more than three months. At that time, I was thinking to do something that can help refugees. In my city, there are two main camps for refugees.

At the summer of 2016, I have decided to work for serving refugees and I went to one Camp to find out a non-governmental organization in order to work through in favor of refugees. At that time, I found an NGO office known Japan Emergency NGO (JEN) and I met Mrs. Anne Rapin. I requested to work even as a volunteer. After a while, she called me to start working with them and that was a moment of happiness for me. After several days, I started working with JEN and they assigned many tasks to me which collecting information, opening English course for refugees and hygiene kits distribution.

The first task was an assessment for collecting information of all refugees who living at the Camp through visiting every single family at the camp. This task was hard because the whole work is under the sunlight and sometimes the temperature reaches to 50 °C. Although it is difficult to work under high temperature, I could recognize how hard they living and that gave me a fact of how they suffer and living. As well as, I found many people there whom have no food, no job, no money and they are depending only on NGOs  aids, as well as, they are really in trouble which representing by financial challenges .

The positive point of JEN is that they employed those people to work for JEN projects and that’s helped them to earn money and improve their lives.

[During the work]

The impressive thing that I found is that the people challenging the harsh circumstances and they try to live their normal life by simple things especially the children whom trying to re-life their dreams. At the end, I learned how to fight for life and I earned wonderful colleagues within JEN. As well as, I wish a quick back for those families to their homes in order to re-start with bright future.

[Kids playing football]

[An innocent child]

[A disabled child playing football]

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

September 15, 2016 in Iraq |


Field Staff Diary

Land Reclamation/Rehabilitation Company arranged 23 tractors for this activity. Initially, JEN staff gave them to two target villages. JEN staff held a meeting with village committee to brief them about the procedure of the activity. The procedure was that each farmer with uncultivated land should benefit from this activity. Each farmer was provided with a token one day prior to the activity. Each token is valid for 3.5 hours of tractor work. Meanwhile, some villagers identified their lands for work and tractors were deployed there to start work.

Tractors continued work in the abovementioned two villages. The project team did follow-up in the afternoon and further visited two villages and met with village committee president. The team visited the land to be reclaimed the next day. The committee president told that 35% of farmers have cultivated maize while 65% farmers are waiting for land rehabilitation by JEN. The team distributed tokens to 168 farmers for the next day work and returned back to the field office before sunset.

[ Identification of land to be rehabilitated]

[Farmer and his land to be reclaimed]

[Land rehabilitation]

[Field prepared for planting maize]

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

September 1, 2016 in Pakistan |

Dream Bag distribution in Charikar

Dream Bag project (since 1994) is implemented by Rissho Kosei-Kai organization (RKK) in some of the poor countries around the world every year. Participants in a movement named Donate-a-Meal (related to this organization) skip a meal several times a month and contribute the relevant mount of monetary donation to RKK.
The collected fund through the movement is spent for peace projects such as Dream Bags. The aim of distribution of Dream Bags is gladdening and encouragement of the children who are suffering from poverty caused by conflict.

These Dream Bags contain not only material objects but messages for encouragement of the children and prayers for world peace. They are distributed to children with cooperation of local partner organizations.

JEN is one of the organizations who cooperate in the Dream Bags distribution with RKK. This year, totally 5,096 students of grade 1 to grade 3 at 8 schools in Parwan province are selected to receive Dream Bags.

Children are excited when opening the bags and seeing toys and other items in the bags. They laugh and show their toys to each other with noises, “Hey I have this doll. Oh, I have color pencils”, etc.

Madina, a student of grade two at Mir Ali Ahmad Shaheed Girl's High School, was very excited and said, ”I’ve always been dreaming about having a teddy bear so I asked my father to buy one for me. He said that he would buy one on the eve of next Eid-ul-Azha. Now I am very happy because I don’t need to wait that late and have my teddy bear now. In addition, my father won’t spend his money on it because I know he isn’t a rich man.” “I would like to say thanks to RKK and JEN for these gifts and making my dream a reality.”

[Madina, student at Mir Ali Ahmad Shaheed Girl's High School, received a Dream Bag on 15, Aug, 2016]

At Hofyan Sharif Boys Middle School, I saw a student named Haris, who was playing with a trumpet /whistle toy. He said, “I’m very very happy because besides my family, someone is there who loves me and sent these toys for me. I was always dreaming of having these kinds of toys but unfortunately, they are not here in Charikar city.”
Haris also said, “I wish I would also buy and send these kinds of toys and stationery to other children around the globe who are in needs.”

[Haris blowing a trumpet from the Dream Bagfor him]

[Students at Hofyan Sharif Boys Middle School received Dream Bags on 17, Aug, 2016]

Zuhra “Afshar”
Field Officer

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

September 1, 2016 in Afghanistan |


Higashimuta Village in Mashiki’s Shimada Ward Manages to Preserve Traditional Festival

Many areas in Kumamoto Prefecture were severely affected by the earthquake in April, 2016. Among them, Mashiki town is one of the worst hit areas, suffering much from the human and property damage caused by the disaster. JEN has been helping the local communities in Mashiki’s Shimada Ward remove debris since June.
The first festival after the quake was held at Higashimuta village, Shimada Ward, in the town of Mashiki. We are delighted to report how this festival went.
While the village has a tradition of holding its summer shrine festival, the villagers had planned to cancel it this year as the shrine has suffered tremendous damage from the quake. Young people in the village, however, gave the cancellation plan some serious thoughts (what the tradition means to them and the festival is for) and came to the conclusion that they should hold the festival as usual despite the tough situation the village was experiencing. Thus, with support from the outside, they managed to maintain their tradition.
Almost all locals living in Higashimuta village participated in the festival. A booth where professional chefs provided dishes was established, a lively music show was provided by a traditional band, and a comical act was performed by comedians.
Overall, the festival was a huge success. One of the organizers said, “Nothing is more enjoyable for men and women of all ages than the festival in our community. I’m happy many people came and joined the festival.” He looked pleased with the result.
Moreover, some of the people were able to have a chance to meet their former neighbors. The festival has therefore, more than ever, strengthened community ties.
【Many locals visited the festival site.】
【Colorful events and entertainment performances by the comedians (left) and the band (right) were held.】

August 25, 2016 in Kumamoto |


Young Women From Across Eastern Japan Show Their Power

A total of 20 women aged between 19 and 41 from quake-hit areas in eastern Japan met at Hoshuan, a workshop remodeled from an old residence surrounded by forest located 30 minutes by car from Japan Railway Koriyama Station.

Their fields of study engaged by the women cover a broad range of areas including support for raising children, support for learning, town revitalization, incubation, work-life balance. Despite the different areas of study,  these have one thing in common - they are addressing the social challenges that disaster-hit areas are facing.

Each participant brought their own challenges to the workshop, such as how to implement projects, run organizations, build relationships within communities. The workshop filled with great excitement amoung the participants as each worked through solutions open and honest discussion with the other participants.


Women’s Eye, the non-profit corporation based in the city of Tome in Miyagi Prefecture, organized this workshop named Easter Japan Grass Roots Women’s Academy in Fukushima. The workshop is meant for young women engaging in supportive activities in disaster-hit areas and is supported by JEN through the provision of planning, funding, and follow-up assistance.

Click here for more information about Women’s Eyes


Ms. Asako Osaki, an expert on gender, assumed important roles in planning the facilitating the workshop, as well as serving as a lecturer on the second day 2.

What need is there for providing these women with opportunities to build and enhance their co-operation through such as this?

The answer lies in what is currently happening in the disaster-hit areas.

Now that NPO’s and NGO’s from outside have left the disaster-hit areas, the local residents are left to take a leading role in continuing the recovery efforts through their own activities in the form of NPO’s or social businesses. We have many young women among those locals who are either long-time residents, who left where they living to return to their hometowns after finding their hometowns in crisis, or who relocated to disaster-hit areas after visiting there to engage in supportive activities.

Five years after the earthquake, the locals are confronted by variety of challenges in carrying out recovery such as how to effectively run an organization, sustain their activities. Among the locals, women, especially young women, are often left to find their own way and are not provided with adequate advice or support overcome challenges, particularly when undertaking new projects.

The life style of women in their teenage years through of their40’s differs radically with age, and so it’s not easy for them to continue their activities.

Creating support networks for young women who are leading the recovery effort in disaster-hit areas in a new and different way is becoming increasingly important. Opportunities such as the Easter Japan Grass Roots Women’s Academy in Fukushima have provided those women with increased possibilities for their future endeavours.

20160818_th_03jpg  (©Women's Eye)


【JEN is now asking for donations. Click here to donate】

August 18, 2016 in Tohoku Earthquake |

Difficulty in constructing the well

Hi, my name is Shudo, I am a supporter of JEN Sri Lanka. About one month has passed since I came to Sri Lanka and I’ve gotten used to the hot climate and local meals.

Now, in Sri Lanka, the well construction of this term has begun.

The problem we face first in well construction is the inflow of ground water at work. As rain water springs out, we are forced to drain the water while digging. In order to avoid this, we try to carry out construction during the dry season. Even during the dry season, water sometimes gathers affected by the height of ground water or sudden showers, so we have to continue the work draining off water by human power or machinery.

The problem we face second is the nature of the soil. When the ground is solid, the excavation method is adopted, where concrete blocks are piled up after digging the ground from its surface at one try with an excavator is adopted. However, when the ground is soft, a different method called a step-down method to lower the well itself little by little constructing the wall around it is adopted.

[The step-down method - they are digging down the well piling up blocks]

The other day, an accident happened at the area where the latter method was adopted. The well went down and caused a crack of the wall. 
The reason may be that workers gave priority to speed and efficiency in order to have finished the work as soon as possible before the rainy season came. In other areas, however, the work in the same process as this went smoothly without any problem. We fully realize how much the well construction depends on environment.   

[The crack brought about in the step-down process]

As the result of talking between JEN’s engineers in charge and constructors, they tried to dig out by human power so that they could dig the surroundings of the well evenly without giving shock to the foundation of the well and lower it at a slow speed keeping the level. Consequently, the work proceeded without any cracks, so we decided to dig out all 13 wells not with machinery but by human power in this area.

[JEN’s engineers are talking with builders about the solution to the cracked well]

[Workers are digging down by themselves]

The well is indispensable for people to engage in agriculture smoothly in the area where they have limited access to water.
The phrase “For such a construction as this, we have to go on digging by human hands” sounds primitive; if possible, we dare to say “we have to dig by human hands”’ not being afraid of misunderstanding. This is, however, the best way we chose after talking on the spot and we think it as desirable.

We only wish this construction will go on without running into difficulties from now on. The accident this time made us become aware that when engineers and constructors go on with the well construction through giving advice to each other and co-operating, we’ll be able to supply people of the community with wells satisfactorily.

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

August 18, 2016 in Sri Lanka |