06/14/2018

Safe water from constructed wells

From the 11 water wells JEN constructed in Chaparhar District in Nangarhar Province in Afghanistan, people are getting safe water of about 100 liters per person a day on average. Family members per household altogether fetch about 200 liters one time with jerrycans as in the photo. They go to the wells several times a day.

The global standard about the quantity of water per person a day during emergency is 7.5 – 15 liters. This merely covers basic drinking, personal hygiene and cooking needs. So 100 liters is well above it and enough. On the other hand, the average quantity of consumption per person a day in Japan is 375 liters, more than triple of the amount people we supported are getting.

People are saying, “Children used to be busy fetching water but can now have time for school and playing”, “We can save money since we no longer have to buy water”. We are happy and proud to be of help.

But Chaparhar is not free from safety, either. A very saddening, unfortunate incident happened in which some water well beneficiaries were involved and killed in a crossfire between the government and an armed opposition group. Many people stayed away from home and returned to find they have to start their new life from scratch. We helped them meet one of their basic needs. I sincerely condone those victims and wish they’d rest in peace and strongly hope people will resiliently survive in spite of difficulties.


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June 14, 2018 in Afghanistan | | TrackBack (0)

05/24/2018

Behavior change

JEN conducted hygiene education for returnees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) as well as constructed water wells in Nangarhar Province.
So many people returned and fled from conflict to communities that they had to share scarce water resources with native community people and so they needed to have proper hygiene knowledge to protect themselves and their families from diarrhea, etc.
The education focused on such topics as handwashing, food hygiene, and diarrhea and proper response to it. Proper handwashing is easy to do and can prevent most diseases.

[Hygiene education of a women’s group]
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The education was followed by hygiene promoters’ home visit to see how much correct knowledge people gained and how well they practice what they learned and give them some advice.

[Home visit]
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Ms. Saifora with four children said, “I came to know handwashing with soap is important because it can remove germs and prevent diarrhea, but I didn’t actually practice it at all.”
“One day, a hygiene promoter came to my home when I was busy collecting animal dung for fuel. I simply washed my hands and then welcomed her with a handshake. She smiled and asked what she had taught me at a session. She then asked my daughter to bring soap and pour water for me. She emphasized my family and I should practice it every day.”

[Proper handwashing]
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We saw many people starting to properly wash their hands with soap. This is a small change but a very important one to protect people from waterborne diseases that still kill many children.

May 24, 2018 in Afghanistan |

A meeting among LRC (Livelihood Recovery Committee) members and Project beneficiaries

The LRC is functional and the community elders and LEWs (Livestock Extension Workers) are providing support to the community.  The LRC members hope that with the passage of time the beneficiaries’ income from cows and small livestock will keep improving. The project beneficiaries have started receiving benefits from the 2 years project like selling milk by-products and getting baby calves of the cows.

The LEWs, during their engagement with the project beneficiaries have realized that the project is benefiting them in terms of livelihoods support through income generation. They have observed increased production from their livestock by utilizing healthy feed, implementing good livestock management practices and AI services.

During the meeting, the beneficiaries asked LRC members to communicate their request to JEN regarding the continuation of the same project in future. The project beneficiaries further shared that this project was unique because they were engaged by an NGO continuously for 2 years. Such long term project with consistency was never implemented by any organization in their area.

The most vulnerable beneficiaries in the meeting shared that they need support in terms of livestock shelter. Few of them expressed about the importance of awareness raising in women on modern livestock management practices. One of the village elders told that training on feed and feeding practices would be very productive.

The LRC informed that although the community received support in this 2 years project and learned about managing the livestock effectively, however, the needs on the ground are still high and everyone is hoping for such project in the future. It was shared that such projects strongly build the foundation for uplifting the livelihood of the community.

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May 24, 2018 in Pakistan |

04/26/2018

Activity of CHP

5th Nov 2017:
After returning the IDPs of Bashiqa sub-district to their home places, the voluntary group of CHP made cleaning campaign in sector B where IDPs occupied. They could collect about one truck of two tons of their remnants especially in empty tents. CHP members are eager to make these area clean and tidy, so these area is ready to face any kind of emergency case that related to displacement at the time that clashes are still ongoing in some area of Iraq.

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27th Nov 2017:
CHP had cleaning campaign for Open Channel area, that channel is specified for flowing gray water of the tents and it should not be blocked at all. During the camping CHP asked the surrounded households to coordinate with them by keeping that channel empty of garbage so the gray water could flow, and to get rid of bad smells and diseases that may cause by garbage

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17th Dec 2017: CHP had cleaning campaign in the main streets of Mamliyan Camp to make the view of camp tidy and clean, at the same time, CHP  delivers their message that related to encouraging camp residence to keep camp clean, as well as to throw their garbage into communal and private bins that provided by JEN. 

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16th April 2018:
In cooperation with Camp management of Mamliyan camp, CHP participated in the public cleaning day in Duhok province. The campaign was unique because of the huge number of participations that reached to 120 participants to clean the occupied area of the camp. On the same manner, CHP was grateful to JEN who supported the campaign by providing gloves and garbage bags to all participants. As well as, CHP expressed their appreciation to Camp management for their efforts by involving all NGOs in the camp, students of Mamliyan School, and the security agency in the camp.

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April 26, 2018 in Iraq |

04/12/2018

Good practice

It was in February 2017 when JEN took 10 progressive farmers for exposure visit to let them gain awareness on modern livestock management techniques and practices. The visit was carried out at four locations namely, AHITI (Animal Husbandry In-service Training Institute) in Peshawar, Harichand Dairy Farms in district Charsadda, and Achai Breeding Farm in District Dir and Jaba Research Center in District Mansehara. After the exposure visit, one progressive farmer built a separate proper livestock shelter for his livestock. It took a couple of months for him to build it due to managing and organizing money for the construction.  The remaining progressive farmers also started to build separate shelters for their livestock in February and March 2018. So 9 households constructed such shelters utilizing their personal resources.

In our monitoring visit to the project site in March 2018, these farmers informed that initially they learned about the importance of a shelter for livestock in the training and later on, in the exposure visit, they observed real instances. This practice was contrary to their past knowledge that they have to keep the animals in closed rooms so that weather doesn’t affect their health. They brought out their animals from closed rooms or made the rooms ventilated. Though they wanted to build shelters, their financial constraints kept them from starting it. But they finally did it with their limited resources. These farmers said that utilization of a shelter for livestock has improved their health as well as their production capacity.

It is encouraging that the people have started to work on their own to improve  conditions for their livestock, which is a very important source of their livelihood and food security. This is a positive change in  people’s practice. However, still more encouragement from the humanitarian community is required constantly to enable the people to get back normal and decent lives.

April 12, 2018 in Pakistan |

04/05/2018

Safe water delivered!

JEN completed construction of 11 water wells and they were handed over to communities in Chaparhar District in Nangarhar Province. These wells will provide safe water to people who rapidly increased with return from other countries and due to displacement.

Children are over joy with splash of water. Adults look relieved getting a stable water source.

From now on, people will responsibly take care of the wells. They learned the structure of a well and how to maintain it and made plans of maintenance.

We are proud we’ve provided small but essential support for people’s lives.

[Children over joy with splash]
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[Construction completion ceremony]
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[Well maintenance practice]
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April 5, 2018 in Afghanistan |

03/29/2018

Demand of Mott Grass

People take their livestock to the field for grazing, but it’s not enough to rely only on grazing. Farmers who can afford provide other sources of feed to their livestock to get maximum dairy production.   This article is again about Mott grass we let you know about the other day.

In 2016, during coordination meetings with the livestock department, JEN came to know about Mott grass seedlings which are evergreen, green fodder and contains much protein. In the government dairy farms, the grass is cultivated in wide areas for their livestock. JEN requested the farms’ director to provide Mott grass seedlings for our beneficiaries as the majority of population lacked balanced diet for their livestock.

Initially, JEN collected seedlings and distributed them to progressive farmers on a trial basis. After their successful cultivation, JEN again requested the director to provide more seedlings to cover maximum beneficiaries. Then the farm provided 7,000 seedlings, which are being distributed to 70 HHs.

During the seedlings distribution, their demand raised as the progressive farmers shared people how successful they grew seedlings. People from outside JEN’s targeted areas approached us through livelihood recovery committee (LRC) members for provision of seedlings. JEN coordinated with the government dairy farm director and requested to provide more seedlings to people having livestock. The director promised their further support in the coming season. It was decided with LRC that they would enhance the farmers, who are requesting for seedlings, to go by themselves to collect ones. Progressive farmers will demonstrate the cultivation method for those people.

Previously, people were not aware of this fodder and did not grow it, so the credit goes to the current project, JEN and the livestock department to introduce it to FATA.

[Farmers' meeting on Mott grass seedlings]
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[Mott grass seedling distribution]
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[Mott grass seedling collection in government dairy farm]
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March 29, 2018 in Pakistan |

03/22/2018

Kerosene distribution

Over the past winter, many internally displaced people have returned to their home villages and towns in Ninewa governorate. Life in the areas that used to be controlled by ISIS is now starting anew and returnees need support to re-establish their livelihoods.

JEN is providing support by distributing kerosene for households and schools in Sanuni, Ninewa governorate.

[beneficiary signing up]
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[Filling the tanks]
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[Trucks ready for action]
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[Headmaster signing the form]
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[Group photo]
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March 22, 2018 in Iraq |

03/15/2018

Supporting people in need

Afghanistan has long been in the middle of conflict while rehabilitating its governance, economy and social services since the collapse of the Taliban regime in 2001. 2.5 million people are in exile as refugees.

Many people are forced to be displaced including ones who have been in neighboring countries such as Pakistan and Iran since the time even before the Taliban regime. Many of them, more than 1 million people, have been returning to their “home” where they already lost their land and houses and the young generation doesn’t really know. They settle and restart their life anyway, but some of them have to be displaced again due to conflict. Their fragile hope is broken.

As small support for those who returned and displaced in rehabilitation of their livelihood, JEN provided 1,000 households of returnees with non-food items such as water tanks, plastic sheets and kitchen utensils, provided 300 households of returnees, internally displaced persons and their host community people with hygiene education and constructed water wells for nearly 800 households.

This support may be a drop in the ocean. But there are many more well-wishers rendering support. No one must feel left behind or this world is nothing but a hell. Even though circumstances around people may be like a strong stream to drift them away or want to drown them, we working in hand in hand could gently catch them with open arms as if we were altogether an unbroken net against the stream.

Hideaki Nakajima (Senior Program Officer)

March 15, 2018 in Afghanistan |

Climate and Agriculture of Pakistan

Pakistan is blessed with a beautiful landscape, four seasons and best soil which is perfect for agriculture. Agriculture is the source of income for about 40% population of the country. Geographically, Pakistan is located in an area with plenty of snow in the north, which results in enough water used for drinking and agriculture. That is why Pakistan is famous for best quality of crops such as rice, wheat, corn, cotton and fruits. Pakistan also produces quality mangoes, apples, oranges, cherries, bananas and guavas abundant enough for domestic population and export.

[Guava ready to reap]
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[Guava seller]
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[Sliced guava]
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But sometimes those blessings become tricky for Pakistan in the shape of floods, landslides and other disasters. We are saying climate change has been exacerbating natural disasters, but it is not good to blame only the nature because humans are equally responsible for all its destruction.

We can’t properly manage the water resources and it is getting lesser and lesser with time. At the household level, people don’t have awareness to save water and we are regularly misusing it. We don’t have proper planning to store the rain water by means of dams where no rivers are available. We don’t have tradition to preserve our precious forests and due to deforestation, it is feared our climate is getting worse, increasing and escalating natural disasters.

[Deforested mountains]
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There are some initiatives from governments and organizations such as plantation of trees, saving the water and other natural resources, but the lack of proper awareness among common people will never make those projects successful. Governments, civil societies and NGOs should jointly work on this very important issue to save the future generations who will be vulnerable.

[Tarbela Dam]
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March 15, 2018 in Pakistan |