Precautionary Measures against Congo-Crimean Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) in FATA

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is caused by infection with a tick-borne virus (Nairovirus) in the family Bunyaviridae. The virus is spread by ticks and the disease can find out both human and livestock. The disease was first characterized in the Crimea in 1944 and given the name Crimean hemorrhagic fever. It was then later recognized in 1969 as the cause of illness in the Congo-Africa, thus resulting in the current name is Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever.
Since 1976, it has been present in Pakistan but it became a serious issue in 2000 with 50-60 cases being reported annually. During 2012, 16 deaths were reported. From 2013 to 2016, 60 human blood tests were positive while among them 12 patients had died. Government officials have stressed the need for creating awareness among the public regarding CCHF and plan to do progress against the spread of this disease. There are many unreported cases as well because of lack of awareness.
In this connection, Livestock Department FATA requested JEN to integrate precautionary measures against CCHF into the current ongoing project in Khyber Agency, FATA; funded by Ministry of Foreign Affairs-Japan (MoFA). The reason was that for Eid-ul Adha (religious festival), an enormous number of livestock would be brought for sacrifice from other parts of the country. This issue was urgent so JEN instantly advocated it to the project donor and got approval of taking precautionary measures against CCHF on a priority basis.

【Researching the market was very busy】

【The anti-CCHF spray was done by the team】
JEN provided following supplies to Livestock Department for this purpose.
 Spray Pumps (10 to 12 liters) =  15
 Cypermethrin/Ecofleece  (Liter) = 75
 Masks = 5
 Gloves = 375
 Apron = 15
【Handing over the supplies】 
This activity was completed in 3-days with support from Livestock Department staff and JEN livestock team. The anti-CCHF spray was done in cattle markets in the target area which was visited by more than 50,000 people for sale and purchase of livestock for the festival.  The anti-CCHF spray was employed to 38,000 small and large animals as precautionary measures. It is good that no case regarding CCHF has been reported following this activity from the target area. Livestock department thanked JEN and the MoFA-Japan for allocating resources for this activity for the betterment of people as well as livestock.   
【The spraying in the market】

September 29, 2016 in Pakistan | | TrackBack (0)

Educating the future generation: A small but use full donation by Chikuma to the needy students of Afghanistan

JEN is committed to provide support and assistance to the needy people of Afghanistan. For this purpose, JEN is not only conducting big projects but it also manages small donation from every possible donor.
This year, JEN once again assisted the students at “Charikar Orphanage School”. JEN provided stationary to the students at the above mentioned school through the help of Chikuma. The orphanage school has 160 students (boys) who are from Kabul, Kapisa, Panjshir, Takhar, Baghlan and Badakhshan provinces and 10 districts of Parwan province. JEN provided 160 notebooks and 1,600 pencils to the students. All of the students stay in the orphanage’s hostel and since the beginning of the orphanage, 1,320 students have graduated. JEN distributed the stationery to orphan students in a small ceremony on 25 April. The ceremony was attended by DoLSA (Directorate of Labor and Social Affairs) of Parwan and DoEC (The directorate of Economic) representatives. The distributed items were greatly appreciated by orphanage students, its staff, the DoLSA and the DoEC.

【A view of colorful pencils which were distributed to the students】
This is not the first time that JEN assisted the students at this school. In 2013, JEN also distributed stationery to its students through Chikuma project. Apart from that JEN repaired existing classrooms, kitchen and latrines of the orphanage school in the past, JEN distributed cloths of UNICLO to 160 students in 2015. The basic aim of providing these items was to help those students who cannot buy these items.
The institution still needs a lot of support and assistance. The conditions of the building/hostel and kitchen are not good and need repairing. They do not have access to safe drinking water and presently they are using water from a canal which is filthy. The personal hygiene of the  students is not good and unfortunately, besides the students and the orphanage staff are not following proper hygiene education methods which cause various diseases among them. Whenever there is any possibility, JEN will extend support to the needy and deserving the students of this school.
【Happy looking the students after receiving pencils and notebooks】
【The smiling faces show that these things (stationary) really matter to them】
Muhammad Hanief Khan, 
Senior Programme Assistant, 
JEN, Islamabad.  

September 29, 2016 in Afghanistan | | TrackBack (0)


Shopping in the camp

What kind of things you are using to keep hygienic environment? For example, brooms, dustpans, garbage cans, food containers, buckets and so on. They are necessary to keep clean environment.

The people residing in camp are using limited belongings to keep cleanliness.
In order to live more hygienic environment, JEN voucher to buy cleaning tools and kitchen stuff.
At first, people receive the voucher at the entrance of shop, and then go to select the necessary thins checking by their eyes in the temporarily established “shop”.

[Registration and receiving voucher point]

The “customers” are guided by community hygiene promoter (CHP) and select products thoughtfully.
After selecting products as same amount equal sum of voucher, it is time for payment.

[A customer and CHP guiding the “shop”]

Finally, they stand in a checkout line and receive the selected products.

[Stand the checkout line]

Internal displaced persons living in camp are forced not to buy even essential commodities.
It has been while, did everyone buy essentials?

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

September 23, 2016 in Iraq |


Multi Cluster Assessment of temporarily displaced persons (TDPs) and Returnees

A multi cluster assessment of TDPs and Returnees was organized by UNOCHA in August 2016. Different national and international organizations were requested to support in terms of human and logistics resources. Approximately 33 organizations participated in this assessment process. The teams and locations were divided into two divisions, i.e. Peshawar was nominated as the base for Orakzai, Khyber, and Kurram agencies as well as district Kohat. Dera Ismail Khan was the base for Bannu, Tank, South Waziristan Agency and North Waziristan agency.

JEN staff were nominated for Dera Ismail Khan and Peshawar. Before the survey/assessment, two days training workshops were organized both in Dera Ismail Khan and Peshawar. The questionnaire was comprised of 185 questions regarding multi-sectors like Shelter, Food Security & Livelihoods, WASH, Health, Protection, Nutrition and Education. The average time to fill up the questionnaire was 40 minutes.

JEN’s Peshawar team received given task of 30 beneficiaries in UC Budhani for 3 days, which was successfully completed by the team within the time frame.  The challenges during assessment included strong mobilization of communities and time consumption. Throughout the assessment, UNOCHA security department kept in touch with JEN team regarding the tracking and security updates and advisories.

JEN team was assigned a task to assess 90 families in four days. This team was comprised of 7 members. Assessment team visited 5 locations for this task. The TDPs problems were recorded on the assessment questionnaire. As per initial observations, majority of the people were facing livelihood, health and WASH problems. 

Detailed report of this assessment will be available in 2-month time period. This report will help humanitarian organizations to adjust ongoing programs and design future programs to assist TDPs and provide support in the rehabilitation of returnees.

[Interview of TDP HH in UC Budhani, District  Peshawar]

[Key informant TDPs in UC Budhani, District Peshawar]

[MUAC measurement during HH assessment on nutrition]


【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

September 15, 2016 in Pakistan |

Refugee camp Story

[Karwan Akrawi]

Hi there... My Name is Karwan AbdulKareem Akrawi, I am from Akre in Northern Iraq. Currently I am Computer Science Student at University of Kurdistan-Hawler. Since a long time, I was feeling responsibility and big desire to serve and support people and community even by simple things available especially refugees and displaced people who suffer from the most basic necessities of life as humanitarian service. In our educational system, we have summer break for more than three months. At that time, I was thinking to do something that can help refugees. In my city, there are two main camps for refugees.

At the summer of 2016, I have decided to work for serving refugees and I went to one Camp to find out a non-governmental organization in order to work through in favor of refugees. At that time, I found an NGO office known Japan Emergency NGO (JEN) and I met Mrs. Anne Rapin. I requested to work even as a volunteer. After a while, she called me to start working with them and that was a moment of happiness for me. After several days, I started working with JEN and they assigned many tasks to me which collecting information, opening English course for refugees and hygiene kits distribution.

The first task was an assessment for collecting information of all refugees who living at the Camp through visiting every single family at the camp. This task was hard because the whole work is under the sunlight and sometimes the temperature reaches to 50 °C. Although it is difficult to work under high temperature, I could recognize how hard they living and that gave me a fact of how they suffer and living. As well as, I found many people there whom have no food, no job, no money and they are depending only on NGOs  aids, as well as, they are really in trouble which representing by financial challenges .

The positive point of JEN is that they employed those people to work for JEN projects and that’s helped them to earn money and improve their lives.

[During the work]

The impressive thing that I found is that the people challenging the harsh circumstances and they try to live their normal life by simple things especially the children whom trying to re-life their dreams. At the end, I learned how to fight for life and I earned wonderful colleagues within JEN. As well as, I wish a quick back for those families to their homes in order to re-start with bright future.

[Kids playing football]

[An innocent child]

[A disabled child playing football]

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

September 15, 2016 in Iraq |


Field Staff Diary

Land Reclamation/Rehabilitation Company arranged 23 tractors for this activity. Initially, JEN staff gave them to two target villages. JEN staff held a meeting with village committee to brief them about the procedure of the activity. The procedure was that each farmer with uncultivated land should benefit from this activity. Each farmer was provided with a token one day prior to the activity. Each token is valid for 3.5 hours of tractor work. Meanwhile, some villagers identified their lands for work and tractors were deployed there to start work.

Tractors continued work in the abovementioned two villages. The project team did follow-up in the afternoon and further visited two villages and met with village committee president. The team visited the land to be reclaimed the next day. The committee president told that 35% of farmers have cultivated maize while 65% farmers are waiting for land rehabilitation by JEN. The team distributed tokens to 168 farmers for the next day work and returned back to the field office before sunset.

[ Identification of land to be rehabilitated]

[Farmer and his land to be reclaimed]

[Land rehabilitation]

[Field prepared for planting maize]

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

September 1, 2016 in Pakistan |

Dream Bag distribution in Charikar

Dream Bag project (since 1994) is implemented by Rissho Kosei-Kai organization (RKK) in some of the poor countries around the world every year. Participants in a movement named Donate-a-Meal (related to this organization) skip a meal several times a month and contribute the relevant mount of monetary donation to RKK.
The collected fund through the movement is spent for peace projects such as Dream Bags. The aim of distribution of Dream Bags is gladdening and encouragement of the children who are suffering from poverty caused by conflict.

These Dream Bags contain not only material objects but messages for encouragement of the children and prayers for world peace. They are distributed to children with cooperation of local partner organizations.

JEN is one of the organizations who cooperate in the Dream Bags distribution with RKK. This year, totally 5,096 students of grade 1 to grade 3 at 8 schools in Parwan province are selected to receive Dream Bags.

Children are excited when opening the bags and seeing toys and other items in the bags. They laugh and show their toys to each other with noises, “Hey I have this doll. Oh, I have color pencils”, etc.

Madina, a student of grade two at Mir Ali Ahmad Shaheed Girl's High School, was very excited and said, ”I’ve always been dreaming about having a teddy bear so I asked my father to buy one for me. He said that he would buy one on the eve of next Eid-ul-Azha. Now I am very happy because I don’t need to wait that late and have my teddy bear now. In addition, my father won’t spend his money on it because I know he isn’t a rich man.” “I would like to say thanks to RKK and JEN for these gifts and making my dream a reality.”

[Madina, student at Mir Ali Ahmad Shaheed Girl's High School, received a Dream Bag on 15, Aug, 2016]

At Hofyan Sharif Boys Middle School, I saw a student named Haris, who was playing with a trumpet /whistle toy. He said, “I’m very very happy because besides my family, someone is there who loves me and sent these toys for me. I was always dreaming of having these kinds of toys but unfortunately, they are not here in Charikar city.”
Haris also said, “I wish I would also buy and send these kinds of toys and stationery to other children around the globe who are in needs.”

[Haris blowing a trumpet from the Dream Bagfor him]

[Students at Hofyan Sharif Boys Middle School received Dream Bags on 17, Aug, 2016]

Zuhra “Afshar”
Field Officer

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

September 1, 2016 in Afghanistan | | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)


Building the capacity of new leaders

JEN aims for the world in which people are able to stand on their own feet and have power to face/manage/solve their own problems. Implementing a project is one method, but another way is by building the capacity of local staff so that they will hopefully become active leaders for the betterment of their own country.

Over 1 year and 8 months since JEN opened an office in Kurdistan Region of Iraq, we have seen positive changes and growth in local staff.
One example is a change of attitude of national staff towards beneficiaries. When JEN was distributing Hygiene kits for people in IDP camp, one of the local staff asked if he could give out an extra kit because he felt “sorry” for certain families due to their personal situations. However, doing so out of pity would have not only degraded dignity of those families but also lost fairness and equality of JEN’s support. When it happened, JEN’s international staff (=non-local staff) explained and thought with national staff why it was not appropriate to do so.
Now the staff understands the nature of JEN’s work (which is to “support” people with dignity and not to “save” people with pity), and able to make decisions in professional manner rather than in emotional manner without guidance.

This is just one of the small examples of positive growth of local staff, but when those small changes cumulate, it becomes a power to create big change, for the world in which JEN is no longer needed.

Madoka Matsumoto

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

August 18, 2016 in Iraq |


JEN’s Prospectus for Returnees in FATA

Sustainability is an integral part of all JEN projects in every country where JEN is operating. JEN staffs ensure it while making every project if it is emergency, early recovery or development.

JEN has been working with emergency affected people of FATA since 2011 both in the displaced and return areas. JEN’s interventions range from Shelter/NFIs to WASH and from food security to livelihood sectors for almost 70,000 individuals. With security situation improving inside FATA, more than half of the populations (161,064 families) have already returned to their homes. However, 142,727 families are still waiting for their return. But the return process is continued steadily and as per government plan more than 90% of the displaced families will be returned in 2016. Given this statistics, JEN is dealing with the issue on emergency basis as well as pursuing long-term sustainable goals for the rehabilitation of returnees at their homes.

To this end, currently JEN is assisting 22,855 individuals in FATA to enable them to grow agriculture products at household level for improved availability of nutritious food. JEN is also working on economic recovery of more than 5,000 returnees through livestock sector in FATA.

JEN is currently planning to re-align its relations with several clusters for the assistance of returnees in emergency scenario as well as seek partnerships with institutional donors for the rehabilitation of returnees.

[Agriculture field in Bara]

[Post distribution monitoring]

[Agricultural land assessment]

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

August 12, 2016 in Pakistan |


Charikar is the capital of Parwan province in the center region of Afghanistan and the main city of Kohdaman valley. The city lies on the road 69 kilometers from Kabul to Northern provinces and is at the gateway to Panjshir valley. People would need to pass this city when they want to travel to Northern provinces like Baghlan, Kunduz, Samangan, Takhar, Balkh, Badakhshan, Bamiyan and Daykundi.

[View of the main square of Charikar city ]

Most of its residents are Tajiks and the spoken language in Charikar is Dari. Charikar is known for its arts, poetry, fruits and vegetable products such as grapes, cucumbers, tomatoes, etc. Charikar city is mainly known for its beautiful nature which has brought many beautiful promenades like Gul Ghundi (a beautiful mound full of purple flowers) where people come from other provinces for a picnic. Every year, the government officially celebrates the ceremony in Gul Ghundi.

[View of Gul Ghundi]

Ancient history says that Charikar was found by King Jamshid (known as King Yama) and later established by King Kanishka or Kushanians. After establishment of a new
textile factory in Jabal-u-Saraj in 1930s, the modern history of the city began.

[View of a carpet store in Charikar city]

But after that, Charikar turned into a battlefield during Soviet war and then Mujahiden war which lasted for many years and caused uncountable damages to the culture, knowledge and economy of the people. Since Charikar is a strategic city and the main gate to enter Northern provinces, the city was a border line between Taliban and North alliance during Talibans’ government which ruined the city and unfortunately,  for the last 15 years, the new government has not taken any development steps in Charikar.

Charikar is a small city with big population. Its single road has huge traffic (as it’s the main gate for Northern provinces). A person can find everything in this small city which were imported mainly from Kabul. Most of the population is farmers, some of them are government employees and others are skilled and unskilled labors. Many people’s economic condition  is under the poverty line.

Charikar is counted as one of the water scarce cities in Afghanistan, in which more than 80% of the people does not have access to safe drinking water. So a watering channel was designed and constructed in 1977. This channel comes from Panjshir river and flows towards south and finally enters Charikar. This water is not safe to drink but most of Charikar residents use it as drinking water.

Every day, many people and especially children are infected with different diseases caused by low levels of hygiene and drinking unsafe water. According to a research from 2015, most of these diseases are caused by drinking unhygienic water which comes from low level of economy. Another reason for inadequate healthcare is
unawareness of people on hygiene education and big population but a few health facilities.
In these circumstances, construction of new schools and clinics, upgrading  existing schools and clinics, conducting trainings and increasing awareness of the people can help the new generation enjoy a healthy life.

JEN has been working in Parwan province since 2002 and began implementation of WASH program in Charikar district from 2005. Another WASH project is planned for 2017 which aims to improve school environment and sanitation and hygiene through school teachers to their students and through them to their families and communities.

Zuhra Afshar
Field Officer

[Main Street of Charikar’s market]

[Cheese shop and on the back side view of a dry fruit shop]

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

August 12, 2016 in Afghanistan |