11/20/2014

Your Life is in Your Hands

I am a hygiene promoter working for JEN writing my article in Yei municipality, Central Equatoria State of South Sudan. Life basically describes the conduct through which someone lives from the time he or she is born to the time of death. So if you live an irresponsible life, you live short whereas those who live responsible life live long for many years before they die. You may want to choose to live a wonderful adorable life by practicing good personal and environmental hygiene by promoting the following.

(Development of sustainable drainage system, sleep under protected mosquito nets, always drink well purified water, hands washing thoroughly and regularly, maintain short finger nails, remember to brush teeth, take bath, and put on clean clothes regularly, maintained clean all sanitary, sweep the compound around the homes, food should be always kept covered and indoors, if a person shows signs and symptoms of any illness he/she should be taken to the clinic)

The above points are those in which, we, JEN hygiene promoters, explain and promote to a wide range of people including young children in this area.

I suppose that if you want to live a wonderful life, you have to also promote the above-mentioned few aspects which can be achieved by ensuring full responsibility: keeping hands clean is important and young children should be encouraged to understand its significance.

The following two pictures show a pupil of Undukori Primary School washing her hands, while the HCM’ (Hygiene Club Member)s in a group photo displaying their clean hands respectively
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November 20, 2014 in South Sudan |

11/13/2014

Statistics on Water and Sanitation in Haiti

«The poorest county in the Western Hemisphere » ―people often refer to Haiti with this phrase, and unfortunately this is true. In fact, Human Development Indicator (HDI) shows that Haiti ranks 168th out of 187 countries in the world (*1). In addition, Haiti is one of the Least Developed Countries (LDCs), which means that Haiti is one of the poorest countries in the world. The country has been confronting a lot of challenges in the sector of water and sanitation, education, infrastructure, and health among others.

JEN Haiti office has been working in the sector of water and sanitation, where people face considerable difficulties. In urban area of the country, approximately only one in four people have access to safe water, and in rural area, only one in two people (*2). Also, one out of every 6 children under the age of 5 dies of diarrhea (*3). These are lives which we can save with safe water and correct knowledge about sanitation.

In Haiti, from October 2010 to August 2014, the country had 706,089 suspected cases of Cholera, and estimated 8,592 death by the disease (*4). The country still has the largest Cholera epidemic in the Western Hemisphere (*4).

Thanks to your support, JEN Haiti office has been supporting local population in rural area, approximately 3,000 households in total, through construction and repair of water facilities, as well as hygiene promotion activities. We have been working in Palmes Region, where people suffered the largest damage and destruction caused by the earthquake in 2010. People here often say “Water, that’s life (Dlo Se Lavi)”. Safe water is indispensable for our health, and therefore the phrase is literally true. “Water is life”.

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(*1) Human Development Reports (UNDP, 2014)

(*2) Joint Monitoring Programme Report 2014: Progress on drinking water and sanitation (WHO/UNICEF, 2014), data in the report was collected in 2012

(*3) Haiti Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning Portfolio Review and Assessment(USAID, 2008)

(*4)Haiti Cholera Response September 2014, the data is cited by the Ministry of Health and Population of the Haiti Government (UN Haiti, 2014)


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November 13, 2014 in Haiti |

11/06/2014

The Iraqi Refugees lives in abominable conditions

A large number of Iraqi refugees families are not only in Erbil of Kurdistan region, also other region such as in Khaniqen of Diyala province, and there are the resident in a marquees for the refugees. Those marquees are prepared by Ministry of Displacement and Migration (MoDM). But they have no water proof efficiency, even the refugees resident in Khaniqen is in the rain line (the region has a heavy raining every year).

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On October 17th, there had rain and we noted a floating in this area. When the rain water entered these marquees, the refugees pulled their beds out of the marquees and some of them were left in this camp and other still under the rain.

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Due to the humid clay land, MoDM cannot bring the logistic service to them like foods, drinking water and other needing … 12 thousands families faces a danger in this camp. Diyala  governorate council consider that the location of Khaniqen is a large mistake for the refugees camp, because the large number of scorpions and snakes in this region and the refugees are suffering with several high risks of their lives.

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MoDM clear at the middle of November will prepare 20 thousands of a water proof marquees and have a 5 persons capacity , but during this period these refugees are suffering a difficult conditions and this marquees number are not enough for the Iraqi refugees who don’t have a good marquees yet. The basic solution for the refugees is to come back for them houses but the terrorist extend their area more than the first. About half of the Iraqi refugees children are not going to the schools because of the far distance between them camps and the cities and till now the government don’t make an impermanent schools for the camps.   

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November 6, 2014 in Iraq |

Workshop for community strengthening

To share and manage agro well and agricultural tools JEN provides, JEN forms Well Maintenance Committee. But beneficiaries can’t understand the meaning of the committee soon, so JEN provides workshops to know the merit of community.

In workshop, JEN is providing following themes to take hints to manage the committee well:

- What is stakeholder?
- What is leadership?
- If you face on conflict in the community.
- If you face on trouble in the community.

Just we held the workshops on 28th Oct., 4th and 5th Nov.
JEN invited a person is teaching at a university in Sri Lank as the instructor.
At the beginning, to let the participants relax, the instructor gives them ice breakings. The instructor added essences to build conveyance among the participants with team games and holding hands, closing their eyes.
Especially, a workshop that participants came from 2 project sites, at the beginning they seated separately, but they started to talk each other as it takes time.

[Ice breaking]
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And then the each theme put group work into center to understand the contents well and to keep their concentration.

[Group work]
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On middle of Nov, we have a plan to provide agricultural workshops as the next step.

Administration and Finance Officer: Nasuda


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November 6, 2014 in Sri Lanka |

Water

The dawn of the Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) has raised high expectations among the citizens. This also reduced their spirit of voluntarism and search for self- reliance. This seems to be the result of introduction of salary payment to public servants who deal with general public affairs.  Many people expected that public services could be automatically delivered after the (CPA). They thought that they could get clean water and have a good hospital built etc. Their hopes and expectations are not met to a larger extent and this caused low morale for the citizens and affected their motivation to participation in public affairs.

Before the CPA, people used to have a sense of ownership and communities took lead in all development activities in their communities where nobody received a salary in exchange for such work. However, after the CPA, civil servants work and are paid salaries by the government in exchange for providing public services, while local leaders in the communities are not paid and still provide voluntary community service.

Most of them have lost their spirit of voluntarism and citizens have hoped that the government will provide them with basic public services like schools, clean water, good roads and so forth.

Taking the case of water, I would like to share the status of it available in the community where I live. Water is used in every household in my community and most of the people collect water from unprotected wells, rivers, boreholes, swarms, streams, springs, surface water and rain water. There are several risks related to the handling and using of water from those unprotected water sources. For example, it harbours disease-causing organisms e.g. Bilharzias, Cholera, typhoid etc. and it is a medium through which lifecycle of disease vector uses for breeding e.g. mosquitoes, sand fly etc. 

[show one of the unprotected well in my community where people harvest water from]
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Most of the people in my community were affected by decades-long war and they could not have access to education. Most people collect water from the water point, which is directly consumed without any idea if it needs to be treated and how and also even without confirming if the water is safe and clean for use or not. As a result, the majority of my people have suffered from diseases like water-borne diseases such as typhoid, diarrhoea, bilharzias and cholera among the others which have killed many of our children, brothers, sisters, parents, and even grandparents. Most people in my community are ignorant to the safe water chain (process of prevention of water from contamination right from the water source up to the time of consumption). My thanks goes to the organization JEN for coming up with a village transformation program(VTP) which has provided education to my community at a village level to reduce the problem that is likely to be caused by the water we use.

Martin Lokolo Justin
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November 6, 2014 in South Sudan |

10/30/2014

Burden on Disaster Victims Living in Temporary Housing in Ishinomaki

The city of Ishinomaki constructed 7,122 row-house-style temporary housing units to house disaster victims on a smaller scale than its initial plan of 10,000 units because it was authorized to use private rental housing as temporary housing by the central government. While the capacity of the temporary housing was less than the initial plan, it’s the largest one in the municipalities among affected three prefectures.

Ishinomaki aims at setting up 4,000 disaster public housing units so that victims may move from temporary housing to homes where they can live without anxiety. A total of 149 private apartments have been already chartered and supplied to victims so far. Under its plan, 3,101 disaster public housing units are going to be built at thirty nine places in urban areas, 1,359 of them are due to be supplied by the end of March next year, but soring labor cost and material prices are delaying the construction work.

【Disaster public housing at Nakazato district in Ishinomaki】
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Now, forty three months down the line, the temporary housing is aging and some dwellers have challenges of how to organize their associations, and not only that even the victims who have moved into disaster public housing from the temporary housing have another problems with the uneasiness of life. In particular, as many elderly victims still live in temporary housing, their anxieties such as loneliness and impatience due to neighbors’ removal, uncertainty about their everyday and future life, and so on are evident.

JEN organizes occasional networking events among victims living in temporary housing. A participant said “working in a group and talking with neighbors over lunch we cooked together provide me an opportunity to raise awareness and learn about things that we usually overlook.”

【Company employees listening to victims living in Mongokura temporary dwellings】
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【A networking party between victims and company employees】
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It’s expected that victims are going to move into disaster public housing from temporary housing. JEN is committed to encouraging the victims to be more positive.

====For donation…↓↓↓↓↓↓====

○Postal transfer account No: 00170-2-538657
 Account holder: JEN
 Please write “Tohoku Earthquake” on the liaison column.

○Credit card: http://bit.ly/c7R8iA
Please select “Tohoku Earthquake” from the pull-down.

For any inquiries regarding bank transfers, please contact Tomita or Asakawa in JEN Tokyo Office at 03-5225-9352

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October 30, 2014 in Tohoku Earthquake |

Bonjour in Creole

Republic of Haiti has two official languages; French and Creole.
Creole is widely spoken in daily life in Haiti, and people usually use French in official occasions, as well as written documents.

In JEN Haiti office, Haitian staff speaks Creole.
Let me introduce some words in Creole.

Hello = Bonju
Thank you = Mèsi
Thank you very much!= Mèsi anpil
No problem = Pa gen pwoblèm
Really? = Sa’wm dim la

As some of you might notice, some words are similar to French words.
If you have a chance to come to Haiti, we would be very happy if you use some of the Creole words above with us!

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Office Assistant
Claudel Beauge

October 30, 2014 in Haiti |

The teaching in debarking

From the UNESCO report before 1991, it was considered that the teaching in Iraq was the best in the middle east. The primary schools are consisted all the kids that mean, there are no kids in the age of primary don’t enter the school and the number of illiterates reached to zero.   

After the gulf war the teaching continuous in debarking from 1991 till now, the UNESCO report considered the teaching in Iraq now is taken with third position from the bottom in middle east at the teaching field. There are 48 thousands students leaving the schools and departing to the work at different jobs. This number is forming 5% from the total numbers of the kids at the age of schools from the first primary to the 12 secondary.

More than 500 teachers were killing in the last 10 years; this caused falling in the teaching level, falling in the teacher’s ethics.

The falling in teaching aptness is one of the causes to debarking the teaching level. From these reasons above, we see a continuous rising in the ratio of the illiterates in Iraq, at the last competed statistical from the two ministries (education and high education) 74% from the age 15-24 years do not able to read and writing. One of the important reasons is the co acting of the militias and parties on the teaching field and they have low aptness to directed the teaching field … the result from these reasons can be the illiterates continuous to rising.   

[High No. in classrooms]
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October 30, 2014 in Iraq |

The Distribution Pattern

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With the start of new project, JEN field team sat together to formulate pattern/model for distribution of livestock feed package and temporary shelter due to the fact the package is a heavy one i.e. 5 bundles/packets of wheat straw, 2 bags of vanda, one tarpuline sheet with 10 bamboos and 350ml (2 bottles) of de-wormers for one family. It was decided that one side the field team (including technical staff) will engage the beneficiaries in awareness sessions, registration and signing of distribution documents and on the other side logistic team will prepare the per family packages. The distribution points were carefully selected keeping in view the space needed as per number of households for each distribution. It was decided to go for 200 households per distribution. So far distribution has been done for 400 households.

The first distribution point was only enough to accommodate 200 packages. It was realized to go for a bigger place where the distribution would be done with ease.

The focal persons/community elders were contacted. A huge piece of land was identified and was given to JEN free of cost. It was more than enough for JEN to distribute 200 packages to 200 Households.
The distribution went as per the agreed pattern. The community was gathered at one place, where information was shared in session with them regarding the distribution process and about the items quantity and usages.

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After the session, verification of tokens and signing of distribution documents took place. At the same time the logistic unit prepared the packages. The tokens were collected and each Household was given their livestock feeding package and temporary shelter for livestock.

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This is the first project started to support North Waziristan IDPs for their most important livelihood source of livestock. JEN will continue its support to these vulnerable families and to uplift their livelihoods.


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October 30, 2014 in Pakistan |

Impact of JEN activities on health and hygiene of people!

JEN has been working in Parwan province since 2010 to improve the health status of the students, JEN is constructing WASH facilities in the schools by the support of JPF. Apart from that hygiene education is also an integral part of JEN’s activities. Hygiene education program is targeting students, teachers and mullahs.

Various surveys by JEN and even by some government departments show that JEN hygiene education programme has a very significant impact on the lives of the students as well as community.

Each year JEN conducts monitoring surveys in the schools to measure the impact of its hygiene education programme. This year in 2014 monitoring survey was conducted in 3 months out of 4 months.

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The results of the monitoring survey are very encouraging. According to 2014 monitoring results 45.67% students have very good hygiene practices in the month of June. The ratio increased to 62.10% in august and even further increased to 64.97% in the month of October.. The survey also suggests that 18.79% students have poor hygiene practices when first monitoring survey was conducted in June. The ratio further decreased to 5.70% in august. This ratio further decreased to 4.29% in October which is a huge change. . The survey suggests that these figures will be more improved in the coming months. The biggest achievement is that there are no students in the high grades who have poor hygiene practices and habits.

Apart from that the statistical data of MoPH shows that the ratio of diarrhea in the JEN targeted areas is decreasing very sharply. MoPH data shows that the decrease ratio is more significant in the JEN targeted areas as compared to Non-targeted areas. In JEN targeted areas the diarrhea ratio decreased by 53.5% since 2009 as compared to 5.3% in the non targeted districts.The continuous decrease in diarrhea ratio suggests that hopefully this declining trend will be going on in the future. 

By observing the latest results, it can be said that after intervention of JEN, health and hygiene status of the students and communities improved a lot.

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Hanief Khan,
Senior Programme Assistant,
JEN Islamabad Office.

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October 30, 2014 in Afghanistan |