World Hand Washing day

[Learned “dump trash properly” from coloring drawings]

[Small friends was seriously listening hygiene story]

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

November 4, 2016 in Iraq |


The beginning of a new school term in Iraq

The new school term in Iraq began on 29 September 2016. The Minister for the Ministry of Education rang the opening bell at an elementary school in Baghdad.

The education system in Baghdad in the 1970’s and 1980’s was at the highest level in the region, and the literacy rate was maintained at a high level. The then government’s campaign to improve the literacy rate contributed to this situation. However, since 1991, the education system has failed as a result of the outbreak of the Iraq War and economic restrictions in Baghdad.

Since 2003, many schools in Iraq have required repairs to and restoration of their sanitary equipment.  Many schools also face additional problems such as the lack of laboratories, libraries, and basic infrastructure like electricity and running water.  The failing education system and deficient school facilities have been, and remain, an obstacle preventing children from attending and studying at school.
Furthermore, economic difficulty in Iraq has forced children to seek income through labor, thereby also contributing to the decline in literacy.

[School toilets and a water storage tank that JEN restored]

I genuinely hope that the education system in Iraq will be improved and the day when schools are full of life with children’s voices will come again.
By Thikra J Elias

[Not only children but JEN’s staff also have meetings with school officials at the beginning of the new term]

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

October 20, 2016 in Iraq |

Kumamoto Earthquake, Six Months after

Six months have passed since the earthquake in April, 2016. JEN has been engaged in supportive activities since the aftermath. Nevertheless, the road to recovery is a long one, and we still have many victims needing support.

As of this October, 120 deaths including earthquake-related ones were recorded. The recorded damage to houses were: 8,849 completely destroyed; 30,809 half destroyed; 132,339 partially destroyed. Other than that, if damage to other property is included, overall toll will become really huge. As many as 8 municipalities are still providing 12 shelters, where 301 people are living the life of a refugee. Consequently, construction of temporary housing for victims is now underway. Even though 4,052 housing units have been built in 8 municipalities, they are not enough to supply the demand. Also, we must note that quite a number of victims are still living in their damaged houses or tents pitched in front of their houses.

Both private organizations and the government have implemented a variety of supportive activities for Kumamoto. When it comes to house-related support, the government subsidizes the cost of the demolition of completely or half destroyed houses, whereas private organizations help demolish the buildings that are ineligible for subsidies.

In each temporary housing complex, victims are making a collective effort to organize their own community, establishing a residents’ association or holding assemblies at a meeting place attached to the complex. Although each person who took part in supportive activities did their best to come up with ways to support victims, you can still see not only earthquake devastation remaining everywhere but also many victims in a difficult situation.

Six months having passed, the Kumamoto earthquake is nearly fading from people’s memory, but many victims are nonetheless making efforts to get their lives back together while busy cleaning away the rubble of their houses. The Kumamoto earthquake is by no means a thing of the past. Therefore, what we should do now is to express our renewed mourning for all people who died, and not to forget the victims who need our help.

JEN will continue helping the victims in Kumamoto move forward on their own.

October 20, 2016 in Kumamoto |


The training for the returnees in SWA-FATA

Agricultural is the main source of livelihood in rural Pakistan. According to Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), approximately 65% population depends on agriculture for their livelihoods. Keeping on eyes the urgency and importance of agriculture inputs for returnees in South Waziristan (SWA), JEN is working with 1,850 families in 2016.

One of the important components of our support  is training sessions on improved crop and vegetable management. The training sessions are divided into two categories. Training sessions to male household heads on agriculture farming and to female beneficiaries of the same families on kitchen gardening. JEN will conduct 148 training sessions for the male and the female beneficiaries with support from the government agriculture department staff.

【The male farmers participating a session】

【The training holding another area】

Duration of each training session is approx. 90 minutes. Several topics are taught to the beneficiaries in a training session followed by questions and answers. The participants are in need of help, an agriculture officer visits their farm to inject knowledge of the sessions into them. The topics of the agriculture farming training include: reclamation and preparation of the land for crops; methods for irrigated/rainy lands; sowing method and required seeds per acre, selection of best seeds; safe use of toxic seeds; use of different fertilizers, removing herbs from the field; protection from insects/diseases, and harvesting crops and its management.

【The lecturer’s session】

The topics for the female beneficiaries in the training sessions consist of nutritional importance of vegetables; preparation of land for sowing vegetables; use of productive seeds; calendar for sowing different vegetable seeds in a year; watering methods; removing herbs/sages; knowledge about hazardous insects and protection of vegetables from them, and effective use of toxic seeds.

The training sessions are meant to equip the beneficiaries with modern techniques and knowledge of improved crops and effective vegetable management. Another important aspect of the project is that the beneficiaries are linked with the government agriculture department by sharing contact numbers. In this way, the beneficiaries will keep in touch with the department staff even after JEN’s support in the area and it will help enable a sustainable livelihood development process.   

【The male participants】

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

October 18, 2016 in Pakistan |


A new project called “ASUKUMA” (looking for bright tomorrow) has been started to cheer up Kumamoto

It has been six months since the earthquake hit in Kumamoto. JEN has recently started a new project for the people in the prefecture. The name of the project is called ASUKUMA. ASU means tomorrow and KUMA is the nickname of Kumamoto. Thus, the project’s name implies that Kumamoto can look for a bright tomorrow. ASUKUMA aims to restore the pride of Kumamoto in terms of its people, things, culture, as well as those based on people’s entrepreneurship. It is a two-month workshop.
The kick-off day was Sunday, 2nd of October. A total of 20 participants came to “HARMONY”, a center that aims to encourage gender equality and holds events related to it.
The project just has started!


October 14, 2016 in Kumamoto |


Disaster Risk Reduction Emergency Drills in Schools

Earthquake is a very common natural disaster in Japan as well as in Afghanistan. Historical records report destructive earthquakes in Afghanistan during the last centuries and modern seismograph networks show that earthquake activities are widespread throughout the eastern and the northern parts of the country more than others.

However, due to the lack of knowledge, the buildings are poorly designed and are not able to stand against strong quakes so they can be easily affected by strong jolts.
In addition, what makes people even more vulnerable is the lack of information in case of emergency. It is needless to say that people in Afghanistan need to know in advance what specific preparation is needed before, during and after hazards.

After a strong earthquake which struck Afghanistan and Pakistan on 26, Oct, 2015; JEN decided to include a new component of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in its Japan Platform’s Water, Sanitation and Hygiene  project 2016. The DRR component aims to strengthen children’s skills so that they understand the risk of disaster and are able to take the lead in reducing the risk and impact of potential disasters. It is worth mentioning that JEN is the first to conduct the DRR activities in Parwan province.

Firstly, JEN conducted the DRR refreshment training for Master Trainers from Afghanistan National Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA) followed by the DRR trainings for 453 teachers of 20 schools in Charikar by the ANDMA trainers. The trained teachers are obligated to teach and pass the DRR lessons to some 20,000 students at targeted 20 schools. The students will then transfer the DRR messages to their families and the community.

After months of the DRR learning  in the schools, JEN team conducted the DRR emergency drills in the 20 schools of Charikar district, in which teachers and students brought all techniques into practice. The students assumed that they were in a real earthquake and not only tried to find a proper awning for preventing injuries or evacuated from the building in a proper way, but they also learned and practiced what to do after an earthquake that is assisting injured (if any) by using the first aid kit which was already distributed by JEN to targeted schools.

Sultan Mohammad, the Principal of Bayan Ulia Girls High School, appreciated JEN’s efforts in this regards. He commented
“at the last time when the earthquake struck Parwan and all Afghanistan, on the first jolt the students started screaming, rushing and pushing each other to the exit. It was caused by two students’ minor injuries and one student’s trauma.”
He also said that now the students can deal with planning evacuation maps, choosing safe escape ways and paying attention after shock hazards.
Finally, he carried on his words confidently
“we are ready for it now.”

[Sultan Mohammad, the Principal of Bayan Ulia Girls High School]
[The DRR emergency drill in Qalacha Girls High School]
[The emergency drill in Qalai Naw Deh Mula Yusuf School]
[School staff helping an injured student during the drill in Naw Abad Topdara Primary School]

October 6, 2016 in Afghanistan |


Precautionary Measures against Congo-Crimean Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) in FATA

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is caused by infection with a tick-borne virus (Nairovirus) in the family Bunyaviridae. The virus is spread by ticks and the disease can find out both human and livestock. The disease was first characterized in the Crimea in 1944 and given the name Crimean hemorrhagic fever. It was then later recognized in 1969 as the cause of illness in the Congo-Africa, thus resulting in the current name is Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever.
Since 1976, it has been present in Pakistan but it became a serious issue in 2000 with 50-60 cases being reported annually. During 2012, 16 deaths were reported. From 2013 to 2016, 60 human blood tests were positive while among them 12 patients had died. Government officials have stressed the need for creating awareness among the public regarding CCHF and plan to do progress against the spread of this disease. There are many unreported cases as well because of lack of awareness.
In this connection, Livestock Department FATA requested JEN to integrate precautionary measures against CCHF into the current ongoing project in Khyber Agency, FATA; funded by Ministry of Foreign Affairs-Japan (MoFA). The reason was that for Eid-ul Adha (religious festival), an enormous number of livestock would be brought for sacrifice from other parts of the country. This issue was urgent so JEN instantly advocated it to the project donor and got approval of taking precautionary measures against CCHF on a priority basis.

【Researching the market was very busy】

【The anti-CCHF spray was done by the team】
JEN provided following supplies to Livestock Department for this purpose.
 Spray Pumps (10 to 12 liters) =  15
 Cypermethrin/Ecofleece  (Liter) = 75
 Masks = 5
 Gloves = 375
 Apron = 15
【Handing over the supplies】 
This activity was completed in 3-days with support from Livestock Department staff and JEN livestock team. The anti-CCHF spray was done in cattle markets in the target area which was visited by more than 50,000 people for sale and purchase of livestock for the festival.  The anti-CCHF spray was employed to 38,000 small and large animals as precautionary measures. It is good that no case regarding CCHF has been reported following this activity from the target area. Livestock department thanked JEN and the MoFA-Japan for allocating resources for this activity for the betterment of people as well as livestock.   
【The spraying in the market】

September 29, 2016 in Pakistan |

Educating the future generation: A small but use full donation by Chikuma to the needy students of Afghanistan

JEN is committed to provide support and assistance to the needy people of Afghanistan. For this purpose, JEN is not only conducting big projects but it also manages small donation from every possible donor.
This year, JEN once again assisted the students at “Charikar Orphanage School”. JEN provided stationary to the students at the above mentioned school through the help of Chikuma. The orphanage school has 160 students (boys) who are from Kabul, Kapisa, Panjshir, Takhar, Baghlan and Badakhshan provinces and 10 districts of Parwan province. JEN provided 160 notebooks and 1,600 pencils to the students. All of the students stay in the orphanage’s hostel and since the beginning of the orphanage, 1,320 students have graduated. JEN distributed the stationery to orphan students in a small ceremony on 25 April. The ceremony was attended by DoLSA (Directorate of Labor and Social Affairs) of Parwan and DoEC (The directorate of Economic) representatives. The distributed items were greatly appreciated by orphanage students, its staff, the DoLSA and the DoEC.

【A view of colorful pencils which were distributed to the students】
This is not the first time that JEN assisted the students at this school. In 2013, JEN also distributed stationery to its students through Chikuma project. Apart from that JEN repaired existing classrooms, kitchen and latrines of the orphanage school in the past, JEN distributed cloths of UNICLO to 160 students in 2015. The basic aim of providing these items was to help those students who cannot buy these items.
The institution still needs a lot of support and assistance. The conditions of the building/hostel and kitchen are not good and need repairing. They do not have access to safe drinking water and presently they are using water from a canal which is filthy. The personal hygiene of the  students is not good and unfortunately, besides the students and the orphanage staff are not following proper hygiene education methods which cause various diseases among them. Whenever there is any possibility, JEN will extend support to the needy and deserving the students of this school.
【Happy looking the students after receiving pencils and notebooks】
【The smiling faces show that these things (stationary) really matter to them】
Muhammad Hanief Khan, 
Senior Programme Assistant, 
JEN, Islamabad.  

September 29, 2016 in Afghanistan |


Shopping in the camp

What kind of things you are using to keep hygienic environment? For example, brooms, dustpans, garbage cans, food containers, buckets and so on. They are necessary to keep clean environment.

The people residing in camp are using limited belongings to keep cleanliness.
In order to live more hygienic environment, JEN voucher to buy cleaning tools and kitchen stuff.
At first, people receive the voucher at the entrance of shop, and then go to select the necessary thins checking by their eyes in the temporarily established “shop”.

[Registration and receiving voucher point]

The “customers” are guided by community hygiene promoter (CHP) and select products thoughtfully.
After selecting products as same amount equal sum of voucher, it is time for payment.

[A customer and CHP guiding the “shop”]

Finally, they stand in a checkout line and receive the selected products.

[Stand the checkout line]

Internal displaced persons living in camp are forced not to buy even essential commodities.
It has been while, did everyone buy essentials?

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

September 23, 2016 in Iraq |


Multi Cluster Assessment of temporarily displaced persons (TDPs) and Returnees

A multi cluster assessment of TDPs and Returnees was organized by UNOCHA in August 2016. Different national and international organizations were requested to support in terms of human and logistics resources. Approximately 33 organizations participated in this assessment process. The teams and locations were divided into two divisions, i.e. Peshawar was nominated as the base for Orakzai, Khyber, and Kurram agencies as well as district Kohat. Dera Ismail Khan was the base for Bannu, Tank, South Waziristan Agency and North Waziristan agency.

JEN staff were nominated for Dera Ismail Khan and Peshawar. Before the survey/assessment, two days training workshops were organized both in Dera Ismail Khan and Peshawar. The questionnaire was comprised of 185 questions regarding multi-sectors like Shelter, Food Security & Livelihoods, WASH, Health, Protection, Nutrition and Education. The average time to fill up the questionnaire was 40 minutes.

JEN’s Peshawar team received given task of 30 beneficiaries in UC Budhani for 3 days, which was successfully completed by the team within the time frame.  The challenges during assessment included strong mobilization of communities and time consumption. Throughout the assessment, UNOCHA security department kept in touch with JEN team regarding the tracking and security updates and advisories.

JEN team was assigned a task to assess 90 families in four days. This team was comprised of 7 members. Assessment team visited 5 locations for this task. The TDPs problems were recorded on the assessment questionnaire. As per initial observations, majority of the people were facing livelihood, health and WASH problems. 

Detailed report of this assessment will be available in 2-month time period. This report will help humanitarian organizations to adjust ongoing programs and design future programs to assist TDPs and provide support in the rehabilitation of returnees.

[Interview of TDP HH in UC Budhani, District  Peshawar]

[Key informant TDPs in UC Budhani, District Peshawar]

[MUAC measurement during HH assessment on nutrition]


【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

September 15, 2016 in Pakistan |