01/22/2015

Campaign of vaccination children against measles

Iraqi Ministry of Health carried out a vaccination of children against measles for the period from 21th to 30th on December, 2014. The campaign was targeted the children from the age of 9 months and up to 5 years. The Ministry of Health launched a campaign to sensitize citizens and urge them to vaccination their children. The campaign was included the installation with a large advertisements in major streets in Iraqi cities as well as the announcement of the campaign and its importance in the television channels.

[Advertisement in major streets]
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JEN has been conducting hygiene promotion through our projects. JEN has given great importance to raise awareness against this disease through a training curriculum for teachers using training materials.

[Part of the training materials for teachers writing about disease]
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Also, JEN has been made the awareness booklet for school children with allocation of a full-page about disease. The booklet is given with the definition of the disease and its danger such as considering transitional viral diseases and infectious. And, it is mentioned that there is high risk especially among schoolchildren or among children in the same family, and if who cannot be treated, they can lead to death.

[Part of the booklet about disease for school children]
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January 22, 2015 in Iraq |

Presidential election and the Pope

The presidential election was held on 8th Jan.
The election system is Direct Election in Sri Lanka.
Due to this system, the government suddenly requested to all organization and companies that the day is treaded as paid holiday.

Mr. Maithripala Sirisena, incumbent minister of health, run against Mr. Mahinda Rajapaksa, incumbent president. Mr. Maithripala Sirisena had belonged to the same political party as incumbent president’s one, but he left from there and established new one. This was practically revolt against his boss.

On 9th Jan., the result was announced and Mr. Maithripala Sirisena won.
It was a close election, Mr. Maithripala Sirisena got 51.28% and Mr. Mahinda Rajapaksa got 47.58%.

Since we had been afraid of the wild party by the supporters to the winner and protestant by the supporter to the loser, we set the day as a holiday in haste to guarantee security of staffs. But there was no big incident because the former president stated the defeat soon and left from his post. It seems Sri Lankans accepted the result solemnly and silently.
The voting rate was 81.52%. The late of Lower House election in Japan on Dec. 2014 was 52.66% and it’s ashamed as Japanese.

From 13th to 15th Jan, the Pope came to Sri Lanka. On 14th, he visited Shrine of Our Lady of Madhu at Manner District in North on 14th. Religions in Sri Lanka are Buddhism(70%), Hindu(12%), Islam(10%) and Christian(7%). Manner District was Catholic are and it is said that it was influenced in the period of the Portugal colonial rule. On 13th, the government announced 14th was added to public holiday. So it became a series of holiday as 15th is holiday originally.

This is comment from Sri Lanka had many big events and holidays.

Administration and Finance Officer: Tomoo Nasuda


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January 22, 2015 in Sri Lanka |

Puppet Show in Mugwo Payam 2014

Puppet show is one of the approaches JEN uses in terms of hygiene promotion. It helps to draw audience’s attention such as the students and community members. They can be more interested to listen to the hygiene messages that delivered by the puppet characters. The characters are those people performing the show.

The characters always have their own names, which can be familiar to the audience and are sometimes named funny, like Polondoro (lazy person), Kodomgbe (active and hygienic/clean person), Ganya (respective Chief of the area) and Lokoronyo (unhygienic/dirty person). Since such familiar names are used, the audience are keen to watch what the characters would say.

The puppet show performed respectively in the five (5) primary schools of Mugwo Payam such as Payawa, Alero, Dodo, Longamere and Undukori. The show presents the messages to the students, such as to wash hands before and after eating etc. and to give ORS (oral rehydration salts/solution) to a person suffering from diarrhoea

[The puppetry show performance at Dodo primary school. ]
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[The show performed at Loggo primary school (Archive. in different Payam).]
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Puppet dolls always surprise people. When it is the first time for the students and community members to see the puppet dolls, they fear and tend to run away (Even the adults!). Hence, before we perform the show, the use of the puppet dolls has to be well-explained to the audience and we need to encourage them to come to the show.

Puppetry show makes the hygiene messages unforgettable to the audience because it can be great entertainment for those living in villages where there is little entertainment, otherwise. Therefore, the students always talk about it at home with their parents after participating in the show.

This activity is interesting and effective, which can easily change the community behaviours from bad hygiene practices to good hygiene practices. In fact, it is observed that community members have begun to make a local hand washing facility and use it regularly. And even they started to build their own latrines and defecate in it. 

Written by: Hygiene Promoter, Bejur Paul Anthony



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January 22, 2015 in South Sudan |

01/15/2015

Living as internally displaced people - inside camp -

Since June 2014 when many Iraqi people fled to Kurdistan region, it is the first priority for government and humanitarian agencies to provide safe and secured shelters to people. There were a few camps in September 2014, but now 23 camps are operational.

Chamishku IDP camp, located in the north of Duhok governorate was opened in the beginning of November 2014. It has accommodated around 25,000 people and is one of the biggest camps in Duhok governorate.

【Chamishku IDP camp in Duhok】
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One tent and one unit for kitchen and sanitary facility is allocated to each family. Government and humanitarian agencies are providing several services to people.

People living in unfinished building could be relocated to camps on a priority basis, but there is not enough capacity in camps to accommodate all people yet.

On the other hand, some choose to stay in unfinished building, instead of moving to camps. Father of five children, living with wife, children and relatives in unfinished building in Duhok, decided to stay there even though they were offered to move to camps. He knew that living condition in the camp is better than there. But he didn’t. This is because he wanted his teenage son to keep attending school. Out of 11 schools in Duhok, No of them has school yet.
The minimum necessary service has been provided in the camps. The expand and upgrade of the education service are needed for people who have been displaced for more than 6 months.

Children should be ready for the coming return to their home and for the future of their community.

【IDP Children】
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January 15, 2015 in Iraq |

New project started  - (1) Ensuring access to safe water-

JEN Haiti has started a new water and sanitation and hygiene project over 10 months from 7th November 2014, with financial assistance of Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs and support from the people of Japan.
This project consists of three components. This time, we introduce one of three components; ensuring access to safe water.

At present, local population uses unclean water source due to lack of latrines and sewage system in Haut Gerard in Leogane and in Bas Gerard in Grand Goave, in the west department of Haiti. Therefore, we plan to renovate from 9 existing fountains to 10 kiosk shaped water facilities in these 2 areas.

【Existing fountain in Bas Gerard】
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What is kiosk shaped water facilities?
Kiosk is the box-shaped building with 2 to 4 pieces of faucet. Water supply is controlled by the keeper inside of kiosk. Inhabitants pay 1 HTG (0.02 USD) per bucket. 

【Kiosk in the previous project】
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Advantages of kiosk
(1) It is expected that the long-term sustainable maintenance by water management committees through introduction of the fee collection system.

(2) Prevention of wasting water and protection of water borne diseases because the supply of water can be controlled by water management committees.

10 kiosk shaped water facilities will be completed by August, and these are used by local people.




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January 15, 2015 in Haiti |

Traffic lights in Juba

Juba is the capital and largest city of the Republic of South Sudan. It also serves as the capital of Central Equatoria, one of the ten states of South Sudan. The city is situated on the White Nile and functions as the seat and metropolis of Juba County.

With the increase of vehicles and Boda Boda (Motorcycle used as transportation means in South Sudan) has resulted to increase in number of accidents in the capital City Juba especially among Boda Boda riders.

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Above is a photo of a Boda Boda (motorcycle) and its rider carrying passengers (a mother and her daughter)[source: http://williamkituuka.blogspot.com/2010/05/no-body-is-safe-with-commercial-motor.html]

And in a step forward to help organize the movements of motorcycles and vehicles in the town, the Juba City Council have put an effort to install traffic lights on the city’s main roads. This measure came up around mid-October, 2014 for its installation and was actually installed the following month.

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Above is how the traffic lights appear after it has been installed. [source: http://eyeradio.org/juba-city-council-launches-traffic-light-capital/]

Its colors are actually matching the international standard (Red, Yellow and Green). As you may know that there is no reliable power source in South Sudan, these are solar-powered traffic lights which are powered with solar system and batteries. They have been planned to work for 24 hours although initially they were programmed to go off around 9:00 pm and start at 7:00 am.

I think that those traffic lights have now a great impact on reduction of traffic accidents within Juba town. We are no longer unnecessarily stopped by traffic police. The movements are well-organized though it took a little while for 75% of the citizens to get used to and follow the traffic lights right after it was introduced.

To guarantee the safety of those traffic lights, some officers from police and the City Council alike were trained to regularly check those lights and make sure that they are working well. Also buffer zones have been constructed to protect the traffic lights. Whoever knocks them down due to over-speeding or reckless driving, they will be charged with all the costs of buying, transporting and labour for installation of the traffic lights again.    

Emmanuel Kenneth Duku
Administration Officer – JEN South Sudan



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January 15, 2015 in South Sudan |

JEN “Committed For Assistance”

The 2014 floods hit Punjab and Kashmir badly. The people needed support from both the government and the private/public sector. Many interventions has been planned and implemented. However the support was not fulfilling needs of every affected family. The stagnant flood water in the area and the approached harsh winter made the situation worst for these flood affected people.

JEN, in the flood affected area of Muzaffar Garh (Punjab) and to assist the most vulnerable and deprived people, planned its intervention. The selected/targeted area itself was the most vulnerable. Some of the villages were cut off from the rest of the district by River Chenab. There was no bridge and the only access to these areas was to cross the river by boats.

JEN was committed to approach this vulnerable area for assistance. First the team used 4x4 vehicle to reach the river bank. The boats were used to cross the River Chenab and then used motorcycles to reach the flood affected areas. The harsh winter and extremely foggy weather was a challenge to approach the targeted areas. However the commitment, to support these vulnerable families, was very high.



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The people were approached and provided with basic Non food items which would be enough to support them in the winter.

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January 15, 2015 in Pakistan |

Capacity Building of the staff

JEN is working for the poor and needy community of Afghanistan. JEN builds capacity of the staff to provide best possible support to the community. Every year JEN arrange different types of trainings to enhance the capacity of the staff. Since joining JEN I attended several trainings which greatly helped me to increase my knowledge. Some of the important trainings are mentioned in the following paragraph.

In 2013 and 2014 different types of trainings were arranged for the staff.

I attended training on Project Cycle Management in 2013. The training was much informative and helped me in understanding the different phases of the project.
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In February 2014 training on report writing and communication skills was arranged for both Afghanistan and Pakistan staff. Main purpose of the training was to improve the report writing and communication skill of the staff which will help in improving performance of the staff and organization.
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In September 2014 I attended a three day workshop on Monitoring & Evaluation in Islamabad. The training mainly focuses on the role of monitoring & Evaluation in the project design. The training greatly helped me to understand these concepts and enable me to give my inputs in the proposal preparation.

In November 2014 two training were arranged for Afghanistan staff in Kabul. First training was regarding the Report writing which helped them in improving their report writing skill. The other training was related to Monitoring and evaluation. The main purpose of the training was to enable the staff to properly monitor the projects. The training also helped the staff members to participate in the proposal writing for 2015. It also helped the Afghanistan staff to evaluate the projects and identify their weaknesses as well as best practices. These trainings improve the performance of the staff which had direct impact on the performance of the organization. Apart from that a basic first Aid training and security training was also given to the staff to ensure their safety and security.
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Hanief Khan,
Senior Programme Assistant,



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January 15, 2015 in Afghanistan |

01/08/2015

Living as internally displaced people – outside camp

Iraq Crisis triggered by the fall of Mosul in the beginning of June 2014. Currently around 2 million peoples are displaced across Iraq. Here in Kurdistan region of Iraq is a last resort for many Syrian refugees and displaced Iraqi people because it enjoys relatively stable security situation and it is located close to Syrian as well as Northern Iraq controlled under ISIL (Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant). Internally displaced people in Kurdistan reach 1 million now.

Where are people living in Kurdistan? Hotel? Rented apartment? Relatives’ houses? Yes, some of them. But many people were living in unfinished buildings, schools and public buildings when initially they came to Kurdistan. There were nearly 1,000 distinct locations in Kurdistan. Now new camps had been established and many people have moved to the camps, but around 120,000 people are still living in such unsecured places.

【Unfinished building in Duhok where displaced people are living】
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These unfinished building with roof could shut out the rain, but temperature inside the building is same as outside. Inside the building, people have pitched a makeshift tent.

【Kitchen floor where cartons are laid down due to the lack of carpet】
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The floors are either bare concrete or just ground. The chill is always coming from the ground. No sunshine can reach inside, so rooms are too freezing even during day time. Some family put carpets on the floor. Some are just using cartons.

No shower available. People boils water by wood fire or gas stove and wash body in separated place. As for toilet, some has portable toilet provided by humanitarian agencies. Some are using public toilet near their location. Some just do outside.

People came here over through very hard time. It is not easy at all to live here as well. But they are not crying, but living with much efforts and struggles. They are doing whatever they could to make their life comfortable and same as life which they used to have in their place of origin such as building toilets, making bread oven and so on.

【Bread oven made of mud, called Tannur】
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The temperature drops to around zero degree during night.  Under the same environment as outside, heating equipment is necessary. Kerosene heater and kerosene are the most needed items for people.

Kurdistan regional government and humanitarian agencies have been distributing the necessity items to people fled with few belongings. In addition, Kurdish families around such unfinished buildings have also helped them a lot. But it is not easy to reach all people in needs as their location are significantly scattered. By receiving Japan Plaform support, JEN will distribute the voucher which can buy winterization items such as kerosene heater, kerosene, carpets etc. according to their individual needs. 



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January 8, 2015 in Iraq |

Holding a marketing workshop to increase incomes

A month after JEN held the Agricultural Training Workshop during mid-December, we held the next one that will contribute to increasing the incomes of our beneficiaries—the Marketing Workshop. Our main objective was to have our beneficiaries learn about how to efficiently sell agricultural products by gaining knowledge and skills in rural marketing.

To do so, we invited a facilitator who specializes in rural marketing in Northern Sri Lanka, and included topics such as:

1. 4 pillars of marketing (product, price, place, promotion)

2. Rural markets and customers

3. Quality improvement, price determination, distribution, selling techniques

4. Developing business plans

The workshop included lots of group works so that we could avoid too much lectures and have the participants were well-focused throughout the day. For example, the participants did role-playing. They were grouped and did a selling competition game by holding shops for fruits, vegetables, bags, stationary, etc. JEN staffs acted as consumers and walked around the room to see if they are convinced into buying products from each shop. It seems hard for our beneficiaries to practice any selling techniques and they just mentioned, “”What do you want? That is xxx rupees,“ as they lacked the knowledge. So the facilitator was able to assess the knowledge level of the participants based on this activity and include useful topics and group activities in the workshop.

[Workshop participants preparing their shops]
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[A participant trying to sell vegetable seeds to JEN staff]
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At the end, the participants developed business plans using the marketing knowledge and skills they learned during the workshop. Each group was able to explain about their target customers, selling points of their products, price determination and selling methods.

[Getting advices from the facilitator while developing a business plan]
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Most of JEN’s beneficiaries live in areas where access to the local markets are limited, which deprives them of communicating with consumers directly. And they have to be dependent on middlemen who, in many cases, offer an unfair price to buy their agricultural products. We hope that the beneficiaries come up with better selling methods to increase their incomes by using the knowledge and skills they learned in the Marketing Workshop.

Arisa Nishida, Program Officer



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January 8, 2015 in Sri Lanka |