The plight of education in Kurram district

In the Kurram district, the field of education has historically not received much attention. The JEN team decided to implement a project focused on education in this area, taking into account the current poor educational environment discovered from our initial survey. The survey revealed the deterioration of education and the school environment as follows.

The school buildings are in poor condition and most schools do not have toilets. There are some cases where open defecation is practiced, which is unhygienic and poses a constant threat to the students’ health. Additionally, conflicts between radical and/or religious sects have a negative impact on all people, but especially on children. Similar conflicts in the project area severely impaired the mental health of children in particular.

The JEN team interacted with students and teachers and recorded their views and opinions. Miss Zara is a bright student at the Government Girls Primary School (GGPS) "College Colony". When asked about hygiene education, she replied, "I know a little about hand washing, but I don't have any proper knowledge." She didn't know how to wash her hands, but she showed keen interest in hygiene education.

We also investigated the psychological problems that arise from conflicts or clashes in the area. Miss Zara said, "I love art and want to express my feelings through painting. For years we faced sectarian battles in our area. We are sick of these problems and want to live a happy and fearless life. When the conflicts were fierce in the past, we always felt scared when we went to school, visited the bazaar, and attended events. We thank God that things are getting a little better. However, there is always a possibility that sectarian conflicts will occur again in our area."

Ms. Meena Naz, principal of GGPS “College Colony” said, "In my opinion, the sectarian clashes have caused school dropouts and financial problems. I vaguely remember that many children were absent from class because both the child and their parents showed hesitation in attending school. Moreover, school closures due to the conflicts have negatively affected the children's behavior. The children were restricted to staying at home and could not play freely. They were deprived of the opportunity to see their friends, which clearly had a negative impact on them.”

When asked about hygiene education at school, the principal said, "Our school teachers have basic knowledge of hygiene education, such as washing hands, trimming nails, and wearing clean clothes, but they have not received formal training. We want to teach this basic knowledge to our students."

Regarding our support, she smilingly said, “I have a keen interest in learning about hygiene education and am looking forward to it. I want to covey it to my students and also apply it to my own home. I also look forward to the psychosocial awareness and care training. Our community has suffered a lot, but now is the time to move forward without fear.”


August 4, 2021 in Pakistan |


Completion of support program for pest damage in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province

We report on the livelihood support project centering on pest control, monitoring and management for farmers in two affected districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province(* hereafter referred to as KP province) by pest damage.

Locust control groups (LCG) for farmers (68 households: 476 people) who were seriously damaged by pests in two districts (DI Khan and Tharparker) in KP and Sindh province were formed. After that, necessary materials for pest control (insecticide spraying equipment, protective equipment (masks, gloves, glasses, hats)) were distributed as emergency relief supplies, and pest control training was conducted on-site.

At the same time, we promoted cooperation between the locust control room of the Agriculture Department in each district and LCG members. In preparation for the future locust attacks, we launched the locust early warning mechanism of the agricultural department and strengthened the monitoring and control system.

Furthermore, for the 4,680 target households (about 32,760 people) of livestock farmers, we provided livestock feed as an emergency response, anthelmintic drugs for parasites, and vaccinations. By holding livestock health management awareness sessions and providing relevant livestock breeding knowledge, we helped alleviate feed shortages directly linked to the food crisis. Equipment for anthelmintic treatment and vaccination was provided (including management) to each leader of a group of about 12 households. The equipment will continue to be available for livestock farmers.

This project was completed in May 2021.


Livestock farmers seriously listening to the livestock health care awareness session


Anthelmintic treatment and vaccination for livestock

※This project was carried out with a grant from the Japan Platform and a donation to JEN.

July 13, 2021 in Pakistan |


Voice of Project Participant - DI Kahn district in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province

Mr. Qamar-ud-Din is 55 years old and a father of four children. He was left with disability due to a traffic accident four years ago and he has not been able to move now. He said his salary was the only source of income for his family. His village is very far from the main city of D.I.Khan. There is no proper road infrastructure and transportation is inconvenient. It was really hard for him to go to major cities every day to earn something. Currently, his livelihood is entirely dependent on livestock, but terrible locust attacks deprived livestock of grazing feed. Livestock is getting weaker due to shortage of feed, but he cannot afford to buy feed.

In this way, JEN's pre-project survey revealed that Mr. Qamar 's life is in a very difficult situation. JEN team provided feed for his cattle and will vaccinate and deworm his cattle soon.

Mr. Qamar said, “On behalf of my family and my community, I would like to thank the Government of Japan, Japanese people, and JEN for their humanitarian efforts to feed our livestock.  Training community members to handle future locust attacks will keep our agriculture and livestock safe.”

June 18, 2021 in Pakistan |


Water and sanitation support program: Interview with a beneficiary

Ms. Mehnaz Bibi is a 41-year-old housewife living in a village Pewarh, Tribal District Kurram and a mother of five children. She visits Zanana Hospital, Parachinar to receive medical treatment for her family. JEN team interviewed her during post-project monitoring.  She said, “I often come to this hospital especially in winter when my children are sick. Most of women from our area prefer to visit this hospital because it has very excellent doctors.”


Ms. Mehnaz Bibi interviewed by JEN staff

Regarding the situation before the start of the project, Ms. Mehnaz Bibi said, "If necessary, my children excreted outdoors and I went to a nearby house (next to the hospital) to use the toilet. The neighbors voluntarily let us use the toilet, but sometimes they did not allow us to use it. In that case, I went to Imam Bargah (Shia mosque) located at 10-minute walk from the hospital, and it was painful to walk such a long distance. Additionally, it was embarrassing as there were so many men in Imam Bargah."


A toilet at the hospital before the start of the project

Furthermore, she added, "This hospital is mostly visited by women. I met several women who visited the hospital during menstruation and they were so anxious about their problems. Some women have problems specific to female, and they also need to go to the toilet frequently to replace the sanitary cloths or pads. For women, especially people with disabilities, visiting a hospital without a toilet was a nightmare. Thank you so much for giving women great peace of mind." In this project, women's toilets were equipped with trash cans so that sanitary napkins could be disposed of. These toilets also have mirrored shelves where women can place sanitary napkins and cloths. A wall was also built in front of the toilet to protect the privacy of female patients.


A wall-mounted women's toilet designed to protect privacy

Unlike before, patients now have access to enough toilets in number, suitable in the hospital. JEN constructed sanitary facilities with two separate toilets for women and two for men. In addition, out of the two separate toilets for both men and women, one is equipped with a Western-style toilet for people with disabilities to access it easily. Patients can now visit the hospital in a much more relaxed and better environment.

※This project is being implemented with a grant from the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and a donation to JEN.

May 6, 2021 in Pakistan |


Interview with a beneficiary on COVID19-related emergency aid

Mr. Syed Habib Hussain is a resident of Zerhan town. There are 17 people in his family.

In the interview, he told us, "I tried to avoid outdoor activities during the pandemic. But I needed to open my shop because there was no livelihood to support my family other than running the store. I abided by the rules of the Standard Operation Procedure (SOP) from the government. But unfortunately, I got infected with coronavirus through the business. My own quarantine was too late to stop the infection in my family, which worsened our situation. District administration department forced us to keep staying home, and none of my family was permitted to go outside. I had some savings, but that wasn't enough, and I needed to borrow money from my friends to buy what we need every day. I closed my shop, and the situation was getting worse."


Mr. Syed Habib Hussain explaining the situation of his family to JEN staff.

He further stated, "Now I was allowed to open the shop, but I had to borrow a lot of money from my friends. I was worried about the repayment very much, but I felt relieved to know that JEN distributes food to the families affected by the new coronavirus. It makes a lot of sense to me, because this help can save me food and pay back to the people who helped me. "


A JEN staff taking a note of some comments on JEN's support from Mr. Syed Habib Hussain.

April 6, 2021 in Pakistan |


Disaster prevention study session for parent and child

After Typhoon Hagibis (Reiwa 1 East Japan Typhoon), we, JEN, have done our best to support disaster recovery in Marumori-machi. We held study sessions 25 times with 516 participants last year. In these sessions, a family with a disabled child raised the problem of difficulty in evacuation. Furthermore, there is an opinion that disabled children need to learn how to save their lives in a disaster while alone.

Following these opinions, on February 7, we held a study session for parents of disabled children. At a discussion after the study session, some participants pointed out the necessity of regular training sessions, disaster shelters designed for disabled people, separate space in shelters for each family, etc.

We sincerely appreciate the great help from the Marumori-machi Handicapped Children's Parents Association. We hope the continuous support from participants of the study session, the health and welfare department of Marumori-machi and all the residents from Marumori-machi.


Brochures on disaster and disabled children


Fire safety precaution

March 16, 2021 in Tohoku earthquake |


Development of Safe & Healthy Environment for Female Education

Amra is a 12-year-old girl living in Sarpakh village. She told JEN staff, “Education meant a lot to me in my life. Educated people can help and support others more effectively.” Amra also said, “I was disappointed of losing my friends because they were stopped from going to school by their families due to the lack of appropriate boundary walls. At that time, we were seen from the outside because the boundary wall was not high enough. But, since new boundary walls were installed now, we can walk around freely, enjoying sports. I told my friends that JEN made the wall. I hope my friends will come back to school again, as it’s safe and private.”


Amra also said, “I was excited with new books given by JEN. As a lover of embroidery and cooking, I want to study to take in new knowledge and techniques in a spare time with some books on embroidery and cuisine I found.”


Amra reads a cooking book at the library.

February 9, 2021 in Pakistan |

The Activities of Residents’ Association in Marumori town

Today, we introduce about the activities of residents in Marumori town who have taken part in workshop of JEN. The community support group "Connect Feelings", a group that aims for a safe life in Marumori town rich in nature, is holding study sessions to know and protect the current state of the forest and sessions to enhance the strength for disaster prevention in the area in order to find the root cause of the disaster that occurred in Marumori town. The picture below shows an on-site inspection tour for protecting forest and mountain after the disaster, and a disaster prevention workshop in Marumori and Nango area.


How will each of us face the disasters that occur frequently around the world? Many people seem to realize the time has come when we think again the factor of disaster.


Hazard map by residents in Marumori and Nango area

Jen will continue to think and solve problems from a sustainable perspective in Marumori town, like the group we introduced today. Thank you for your continued cooperation.


Inspection of the mountainous area in Marumori town

February 9, 2021 in Tohoku earthquake |


Aid Activities To Ensure the Access to Water and Hygiene

Syed Najmul Hassan lives in the village of Zeran. He has a job, which is the only source of income to support his family. His monthly wage is 18,000 rupees (equivalent to about 12,000 yen), which is not enough to support the family of 8; a wife, parents, unmarried brothers, and 3 children (2 boys and 1 daughter). His mother has a chronic illness with high blood pressure.


Mr. Hassan during the interview

For the treatment of his mother, he visits the Zeran outpatient ward of Basic Health Unit (BHU). It is the only medical facility in the village, where a doctor and two pharmacists provide medical care.

Whenever his hypertensive mother needed to go to the bathroom, the family had to look for the bathroom and walk to a distant Imam Bargah (a religious facility) or someone's home nearby in the area, as there were no public toilets available to patients either at BHU or in the neighborhood.


At the hygiene session

It has long been a problem that not a single toilet is installed at or around BHU for the outpatients visiting the clinic every day. But, at his last visit to the clinic, he was so excited to find that an NGO called JEN had installed men’s and women’s toilets, washstands, and drainage facility for patients. “We are grateful that JEN has taken the initiative to support our patients,” he told us during the interview.

He also participated in the hygiene session, which he found useful. Knowing that female staff of JEN visit BHU to provide hygiene sessions to female medical providers, he encouraged his wife to join. The couple participated in the session together to learn new lessons. Until taking the session, they had never known how important it is to wash hands properly.

Toilet construction and the hygiene session can bring in positive effects on people’s life. The unavailability of toilet used to be a huge problem, but now they feel at ease as there is no need to go outside for a toilet.

* Toilet construction and hygiene sessions were held in the "Provision of WASH facilities to returnees in Upper and Central Kurram areas of Tribal District Kurram, KP Province" project. This project has been carried out with a grant from the Japan Platform and a donation to JEN.

December 17, 2020 in Pakistan |


Gratitude to the People of Marumori Town

JEN received the certificate of appreciation from Marumori town office for provision of equipment for COVID-19. It is a great honor to be given a valuable opportunity. JEN rather would like to thank you to everyone in Marumori town for sharing a lot of ideas. This is because the residents of Marumori Town, local governments, government offices, and members of the Council of Social Welfare have always taught us the importance of mutual help among people in communities.

JEN had helped them with disaster VC, and had been engaged in workshop on disaster prevention from mid-October last year to the end of October this year. At present, we hear nursery school people and people of support to the stricken area. Next year, we are going to help the elderly, persons with disabilities, and families with babies and infants to improve the system of evacuation preparation. Thank you for your continued cooperation.


The certificate of appreciation


Equipment for COVID-19 donation ceremony


Workshop on disaster prevention


Disaster volunteer center


Activities area

December 11, 2020 in Tohoku earthquake |