04/27/2018

Training on Project Cycle Management

In April 2017, JEN organized and carried out "Project Cycle Management" training. 27 participants, including the partners of JEN's Tohoku Projects and the people of related organizations engaged in the rehabilitation of the damaged area, spent three days of enthusiasm.

[Self-introduction as a starter]
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Project Cycle Management (PCM) is a method to run and manage a set of project cycle (Planning, Implementation, Evaluation) by using a brief summary format called "Project Design Matrix (PDM)".

This time's training focused on the methods used in the planning stage in the above cycle by means of lectures and participatory practices.

[Discussion by the participants]
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[ Coming up with ideas]
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The lecturer, Mr. Takahiro MIYOSHI, representative of PCM Tokyo, provided a fictional case of a deserted local shopping street. The participants were divided into four groups, and each group planned a project to revitalize the street. The four groups created different projects though they underwent the same process such as stakeholder analysis, factor analysis, goal analysis, project selection and constructing a logical framework. On the third day, each participant tried to apply the logical framework to his/her own project.

[Exercise during the break]
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The training is expected to benefit the participants greatly when they return to their fields.

April 27, 2018 in Tohoku Earthquake |

04/12/2018

Good practice

It was in February 2017 when JEN took 10 progressive farmers for exposure visit to let them gain awareness on modern livestock management techniques and practices. The visit was carried out at four locations namely, AHITI (Animal Husbandry In-service Training Institute) in Peshawar, Harichand Dairy Farms in district Charsadda, and Achai Breeding Farm in District Dir and Jaba Research Center in District Mansehara. After the exposure visit, one progressive farmer built a separate proper livestock shelter for his livestock. It took a couple of months for him to build it due to managing and organizing money for the construction.  The remaining progressive farmers also started to build separate shelters for their livestock in February and March 2018. So 9 households constructed such shelters utilizing their personal resources.

In our monitoring visit to the project site in March 2018, these farmers informed that initially they learned about the importance of a shelter for livestock in the training and later on, in the exposure visit, they observed real instances. This practice was contrary to their past knowledge that they have to keep the animals in closed rooms so that weather doesn’t affect their health. They brought out their animals from closed rooms or made the rooms ventilated. Though they wanted to build shelters, their financial constraints kept them from starting it. But they finally did it with their limited resources. These farmers said that utilization of a shelter for livestock has improved their health as well as their production capacity.

It is encouraging that the people have started to work on their own to improve  conditions for their livestock, which is a very important source of their livelihood and food security. This is a positive change in  people’s practice. However, still more encouragement from the humanitarian community is required constantly to enable the people to get back normal and decent lives.

April 12, 2018 in Pakistan |

04/05/2018

Safe water delivered!

JEN completed construction of 11 water wells and they were handed over to communities in Chaparhar District in Nangarhar Province. These wells will provide safe water to people who rapidly increased with return from other countries and due to displacement.

Children are over joy with splash of water. Adults look relieved getting a stable water source.

From now on, people will responsibly take care of the wells. They learned the structure of a well and how to maintain it and made plans of maintenance.

We are proud we’ve provided small but essential support for people’s lives.

[Children over joy with splash]
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[Construction completion ceremony]
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[Well maintenance practice]
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April 5, 2018 in Afghanistan |

03/29/2018

Demand of Mott Grass

People take their livestock to the field for grazing, but it’s not enough to rely only on grazing. Farmers who can afford provide other sources of feed to their livestock to get maximum dairy production.   This article is again about Mott grass we let you know about the other day.

In 2016, during coordination meetings with the livestock department, JEN came to know about Mott grass seedlings which are evergreen, green fodder and contains much protein. In the government dairy farms, the grass is cultivated in wide areas for their livestock. JEN requested the farms’ director to provide Mott grass seedlings for our beneficiaries as the majority of population lacked balanced diet for their livestock.

Initially, JEN collected seedlings and distributed them to progressive farmers on a trial basis. After their successful cultivation, JEN again requested the director to provide more seedlings to cover maximum beneficiaries. Then the farm provided 7,000 seedlings, which are being distributed to 70 HHs.

During the seedlings distribution, their demand raised as the progressive farmers shared people how successful they grew seedlings. People from outside JEN’s targeted areas approached us through livelihood recovery committee (LRC) members for provision of seedlings. JEN coordinated with the government dairy farm director and requested to provide more seedlings to people having livestock. The director promised their further support in the coming season. It was decided with LRC that they would enhance the farmers, who are requesting for seedlings, to go by themselves to collect ones. Progressive farmers will demonstrate the cultivation method for those people.

Previously, people were not aware of this fodder and did not grow it, so the credit goes to the current project, JEN and the livestock department to introduce it to FATA.

[Farmers' meeting on Mott grass seedlings]
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[Mott grass seedling distribution]
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[Mott grass seedling collection in government dairy farm]
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March 29, 2018 in Pakistan |

03/22/2018

Kerosene distribution

Over the past winter, many internally displaced people have returned to their home villages and towns in Ninewa governorate. Life in the areas that used to be controlled by ISIS is now starting anew and returnees need support to re-establish their livelihoods.

JEN is providing support by distributing kerosene for households and schools in Sanuni, Ninewa governorate.

[beneficiary signing up]
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[Filling the tanks]
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[Trucks ready for action]
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[Headmaster signing the form]
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[Group photo]
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March 22, 2018 in Iraq |

03/15/2018

Supporting people in need

Afghanistan has long been in the middle of conflict while rehabilitating its governance, economy and social services since the collapse of the Taliban regime in 2001. 2.5 million people are in exile as refugees.

Many people are forced to be displaced including ones who have been in neighboring countries such as Pakistan and Iran since the time even before the Taliban regime. Many of them, more than 1 million people, have been returning to their “home” where they already lost their land and houses and the young generation doesn’t really know. They settle and restart their life anyway, but some of them have to be displaced again due to conflict. Their fragile hope is broken.

As small support for those who returned and displaced in rehabilitation of their livelihood, JEN provided 1,000 households of returnees with non-food items such as water tanks, plastic sheets and kitchen utensils, provided 300 households of returnees, internally displaced persons and their host community people with hygiene education and constructed water wells for nearly 800 households.

This support may be a drop in the ocean. But there are many more well-wishers rendering support. No one must feel left behind or this world is nothing but a hell. Even though circumstances around people may be like a strong stream to drift them away or want to drown them, we working in hand in hand could gently catch them with open arms as if we were altogether an unbroken net against the stream.

Hideaki Nakajima (Senior Program Officer)

March 15, 2018 in Afghanistan |

Climate and Agriculture of Pakistan

Pakistan is blessed with a beautiful landscape, four seasons and best soil which is perfect for agriculture. Agriculture is the source of income for about 40% population of the country. Geographically, Pakistan is located in an area with plenty of snow in the north, which results in enough water used for drinking and agriculture. That is why Pakistan is famous for best quality of crops such as rice, wheat, corn, cotton and fruits. Pakistan also produces quality mangoes, apples, oranges, cherries, bananas and guavas abundant enough for domestic population and export.

[Guava ready to reap]
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[Guava seller]
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[Sliced guava]
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But sometimes those blessings become tricky for Pakistan in the shape of floods, landslides and other disasters. We are saying climate change has been exacerbating natural disasters, but it is not good to blame only the nature because humans are equally responsible for all its destruction.

We can’t properly manage the water resources and it is getting lesser and lesser with time. At the household level, people don’t have awareness to save water and we are regularly misusing it. We don’t have proper planning to store the rain water by means of dams where no rivers are available. We don’t have tradition to preserve our precious forests and due to deforestation, it is feared our climate is getting worse, increasing and escalating natural disasters.

[Deforested mountains]
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There are some initiatives from governments and organizations such as plantation of trees, saving the water and other natural resources, but the lack of proper awareness among common people will never make those projects successful. Governments, civil societies and NGOs should jointly work on this very important issue to save the future generations who will be vulnerable.

[Tarbela Dam]
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March 15, 2018 in Pakistan |

03/01/2018

Series of earthquakes

Once again, a series of earthquakes hit the Iranian-Iraqi border, which has reached more than five degrees on the Rikhter scale, and it has been felt by most of the population of Kirkuk and Iraq in general. The US Geological Survey said five earthquakes happend near the border town of Mandali, Near Mehran in western Iran ..

Praise be to Allah, the earthquake was not strong and did not cause great damages, and for information un earthquake hit this area in November last year and its strength  was 7.2 degrees and has killed hundreds of people in these areas, the population of Iraq in general they were not familiar with earthquakes before and this little time they  were hit by many earthquakes , making them very fearful, especially as earthquakes are unexpected. God saves everyone from all bad things.

March 1, 2018 in Iraq |

02/22/2018

Interview with Zabihullah

Zabihullah was 12 years old when he left Afghanistan and settled in Peshawar in Pakistan as a refugee. Since  then, he has tried to go to Europe twice. He said, “I studied up to the 10th class, but due to our poor economic condition, I was not able to continue my education. That’s why I left school and started working as a daily wage laborer. When I found nothing interesting in my life, I borrowed money to leave Pakistan and go to Europe to have a good life in the future but failed.”

Zabihullah returned to his place of origin in Afghanistan in 2016. But due to lack of farming land, his family resettled in Treli Settlement to have access to work opportunity. He says, “Now I am selling fruits on a wheelbarrow. It is reasonable and I earn 250 to 500 Afghanis on the daily basis which is enough to feed my family of 7.” 

“After I returned to Afghanistan, we spent whatever we had on construction of a two-room shelter where I and my brother are living. Actually, the space was not enough, so we installed two tents as well.”

Our life is getting normal and I hope for the better. We thought that the Afghan government would assist us on our return, but in fact, we just received 9,000 Afghanis. I’m so happy to have a water well, lack of which was one of the main problems we faced.”

“Since we settled here, we had been buying drinking water at 20 Afghanis per 25 liters. Then fortunately, I found a friend, Jamil, to whom I was familiar in Pakistan and who has a well about 800m far away from my home. While I’m  returning from work, I take my children to bring water from Jamil’s house.”

“I’m so thankful to JEN who gives me an opportunity to enhance my knowledge on well maintenance and I promise I will regularly maintain the well, contribute to fundraising and fund management for maintenance, keep sanitation of the well and its environs, maintain water quality and promote hygiene.”

“My neighbors have the same problem of lack of water. It’s really amazing while the well digging is not complete, children from surrounding houses come and ask, ‘when will the well complete? When can we get water? Should we pay for fetching water from this well?’ - It is all due to their happiness and they cannot hide it.”

[Zabihullah while talking about how they bring and store drinking water at home]
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[Zabihullah while teaching his children and nephews under his tent. He says that he is optimistic about his children’s future]
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February 22, 2018 in Afghanistan |

Female Involvement in Kitchen Gardening

In Pakistan, little by little people are returning to their homes following
the mop-up campaign against the armed groups. Look at the details here.

With the help of JEN’s supporters and the Japanese government JEN is working
on a livelihood improvement program, targeting the repatriated inhabitants of
FATA (Federally Administrated Tribal Area) Khyber Agency.
This program focuses on breeding livestock.

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JEN has been providing returnees to Khyber Agency in FATA with livelihood support for them to restore economic activities. Hardworking women of the region not only run domestic responsibilities but also  perform firsthand livestock management as well as provide support in agricultural management, particularly kitchen gardening.
Mrs. Khanam is one of the women. JEN has supported them providing vegetable seeds and training back in 2015. Her daily morning routine starts with sending her three children to school and concluding domestic tasks such as cleaning/washing in the next couple of hours before she turns towards her small farm in the backyard of her home for kitchen gardening. In winter, she sows spinach seeds for the usage of her entire family members. Preparing the field for the seeds, watering them and taking care of the plants is her sole responsibility. Her husband supports in bringing organic fertilizer.

She explains in her own words, “After cultivation, we have fresh and home-grown spinach available which we cook frequently. It saves us money and is nutritious. I sometimes gift it to relatives and neighbors in my community.” She is a wise woman and keeps some quantity of seeds from the produce every season to sow in the next season for sustainable yield.

[Mrs. Khanam is cultivating spinach to prepare lunch for her children. She is holidng one of her relative children]
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[Green field of spinach in the backyard is ready for cultivation]
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[Seeds from the spinach plants to sow in next season]
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February 22, 2018 in Pakistan |