JEN moving on with the victims: JEN’s New Effort

From the past experiences in Japan, it is said that there are an increase number of the victims who says that “the most depressing time comes three or four years after the disaster”. It is also evidenced by the various psychological studies.

Walking in the devastated area makes us realize that the reconstruction has not been made a progress yet. The reconstruction in the central city has been done. But if we walk away from the city center, we see the bulldozers running in the devastated area by Tsunami.

【The coastal area in the suburb of Kamaishi city. People used to live here.】

The soft aspect of the recovery tends to be missed compared to the hard one because of its difficulty to find out. As more time has been passed since the disaster, the problems, which existed before such as the number of youths decreasing, nursing care, and poverty, have gotten worse.

Therefore, since October 2015, for the long-term solution in Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima Prefectures, JEN has shifted from their previous approach as a direct assistance to the victims to a so-called “partnership” assistance with the local organizations, As for the partnership, JEN works not only for providing the necessary fund for their action but also for making plans together and providing a training to strengthen their ability to get things done and building networks.

Click here for more information on JEN’s new efforts.

In Ishinomaki JEN has a partnership with the local organization “Nursing Care for Men”. After the disaster, a lot of elderly couples are forced to live in their own, while separating from their other family members. With the help of the medical and nursing experts, we are organizing a nursing care class for men to reduce women’s distress from nursing the elderly men, and their isolation. It also aimed to encourage the quality of lives of both nursing and being nursed people.

【A partner organization in Ishinomaki, “Nursing Care for Men”: JEN facilitated a workshop for making its project plan.】

We will continue to report our activities with the various organizations in the regions. Thank you for your  help.

【JEN is now asking for donations. Click here to donate】

November 19, 2015 in Tohoku Earthquake |

Assessment in Badakhshan Province

The assessment of earthquake affected people is ongoing in the four earthquake affected provinces (Badakhshan, Kapisa, Takhar and Baghlan provinces). Badakhshan was the most affected of all these. According to UNOCHA latest report 12 people were killed, 20 wounded while 2,344 houses were damaged in Badakhshan province.

[Majority of the houses were destroyed due to the earthquake in village bulbul Dara, district Kesham, Badakhshan province]

[A view of completely destroyed house in village Wakhshi, District Kesham, Badakhshan province]

Afghan team reached to Badakhshan province on November 5th. Then we conducted meetings with local authorities to confirm latest information and visited the area to have site assessment of the affected individuals. We will make good use of this information obtained by the assessment for our emergency support activities.

[JEN assessment team is visiting the affected areas in village Wakhshi, District Kesham, Badakhshan province]

[An elder person standing alongside his damaged house in village charmaghz, district Kesham, Badakhshan province]

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

November 19, 2015 in Afghanistan |

Constructing Wells by Stepping Down Method

Speaking of assistance to regain livelihood, how can you “regain” “livelihood?” This time around, I’d like to answer to this question.

Returnees JEN is supporting are living in agricultural regions. Before the conflict, most of the households were engaged in agriculture. During the time while they were evacuating, however, lands were devastated, farming equipment and water supply facilities were stolen. After they came back to their homeland, they manage to engage in farming on a small scale during the rainy season. In the dry season, however, they have no choice but to do day-labor jobs and they are at risk of losing these jobs at any time. JEN is supporting these people that they will be able to engage in farming throughout the year and make a steady income.
One of these main support activities is to construct agricultural wells. As long as they have well water, they can continue farming even during the dry season when it never rains. Do you know how to build a well?
There are several methods to build a well. I will show you a special method among these.
It is called “Stepping Down Method.”
The usual method goes like this: you use an excavator and dig the ground 7.5 meters at once, pile up concrete blocks from the bottom, plaster both inside and outside, fill a gap between the wall and the well to finish, a well is completed.
On the other hand, the procedure of “Stepping Down Method” is a little different from that of this usual method.

1.Dig the ground by an excavator or by hand work 2 meters to 5 meters until water comes out.

2.Set up a Base Ring Beam (base).

3.Pile up blocks to 1 to 2 meters.


5.Wait until the well sinks by the weight of the blocks.

6.After the well sank, pile up the blocks and plaster again, repeat this procedure until the well sinks to the stated depth, add the finishing touches to the well, then it is completed.

【Image drawing of Stepping Down Method】

Why do we adopt a special method like this? It is because the project area in Kilinocci District is near the sea The soil is soft because it contains a lot of sand and clay. If you dig through the ground at once, the wall will collapse immediately When you construct a well by this Stepping Down Method, you can reduce the risk that the wall collapses since the well sinks silently into the sand on its own. 

The construction of the well started from the end of July and currently it is in the midst of the plan. The local people seem that they can hardly wait for the completion of the well, saying, “We will be free from conveying water from far-away wells again and again every day, which takes us more than 30 minutes each time.”  “We will be able to water the land any time.”, “We will be able to share water to nearby households who don’t have wells.”

We’d like to complete the construction of all the wells before November when the rainy season start.

Program Officer
Arisa Nishida

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

November 19, 2015 in Sri Lanka |


Well rehabilitation in newly liberated areas

In August 2015, JEN conducted well rehabilitation in newly liberated area in Iraqi Kurdistan. As natural water source in many parts of Kurdistan is limited, residents depend on deep wells to provide water that they need for everyday use. However, many of the wells have been damaged making it more difficult for IDPs to return to their villages.

Currently, there are around 35 wells in the villages JEN has considered, but out of them, only 11 wells are functional.  These wells are connected to a main water reservoir for the village, which can be 20 to 30 meters high, so when there are not enough functional wells, they cannot produce enough water pressure to fill the reservoirs. If the reservoirs cannot be filled, water cannot be delivered through the water network. Out of the six villages JEN considered, we decided to work on two wells that provide water to a village that has around 500 returnees. 

[Water reservoir for the village]

[Damaged well]

Reasons that the wells are not working vary from a well to another. Some wells have a burnt motor from overuse, some have damaged pumps, others just have damaged cables or switch boxes to turn the well on. Therefore, JEN field staff and engineer visited the wells with a group of electricians and technicians to first assess the damage, and then to repair the wells with necessary equipment. This time, all parts, including the motor, pump, cables and the switchbox were replaced for the first well and just the pump was replaced for the other well.

[Workers replacing the pump]

The wells are now functional and are able to provide water into the village’s water reservoir and to the village itself. JEN plans to continue the well rehabilitation work, in coordination with the Ninewa governorate water department to prepare necessary water infrastructure for when people begin to return to their villages.

[Water came out of the well!]

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

November 16, 2015 in Iraq |


26th October earthquake

On 26th October 2015 a powerful earthquake magnitude of 7.5 hit Afghanistan and Pakistan. The earthquake caused 280 deaths, 1,982 injured and damaged 103,268 houses in Pakistan. The majority of damages occurred in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa where death are 232, injured 1,577 and 89,102 houses were damaged. (National Disaster Management Authority, 09/11/2015)

This earthquake reminded us of the 8th October 2005 earthquake of Kashmir and of northern areas of Pakistan. The same types of vulnerabilities are reported and the needs are very similar to the previous ones. Although the scale of damages is not that much high as it was in 2005, however still the most affected areas gave the same picture as of 2005.

JEN worked for 3 years in Kahsmir to support the earthquake victims and survivors. JEN supported people with emergency relief items and provided support in the education sector throughout that period. The affected people of the current earthquake are also in extremely vulnerable conditions. The winter season already started and many people are under the clear sky. The people need to be addressed quickly to minimize the adverse effects of disaster and harsh weather. The higher needs of the people are warm clothing, shelter and other supplies. The government and other humanitarian organizations have just started to support the people, however there is a long journey ahead to recover the lives of the people and for building the system of disaster risk reduction.


【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

November 12, 2015 in Pakistan |

Launch of the emergency assistance for Afghanistan earthquake

As many people know, a massive earthquake occurred on 26th October 2015 in Afghanistan. Since the hard winter season will start soon, we decided to launch the emergency assistance for Afghanistan to support the affected people.

Firstly, JEN team visited Kapisa province to assess the initial damage on November 4th 2015. JEN team attended a meeting which was chaired by the head of Afghanistan National Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA).


In the meeting the head of ANDMA shared the detail of damages caused by the earthquake. At the meeting the head of ANDMA said that in Khoshi village a soil hill has got crack during the earthquake and created a serious threat to the 45 houses located at the bottom of the hill.  They recommended that houses located in the area must evacuate, as cracks will develop further and land slide will occur during this winter.

JEN team accompanied by the head of ANDMA visited the location and found out that cracks were more than 25 cm wide and 65m long. This creates a threat to the houses located nearby. The people who live in such a dangerous place just need the emergency assistance now.




【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

November 12, 2015 in Afghanistan |


Latrine Installation in Sinjar Mountain

One of the major challenges for close 1000 IDPs families living in Sinjar Mountain is access to proper WASH facilities that is culturally appropriate. As their lives in the mountain are temporary, their WASH facilities also tend to be temporary - with their latrines consisting of a hole in the ground over a shallowly dug-up septic hole, surrounded four sides by cloth for privacy.

[Typical toilet situation in Sinjar Mountain]

Such latrine can pose serious health risks, especially during the winter with high precipitation, as the septic tanks can easily overflow and spread to the living areas.  As cholera has been reported in various parts of Iraq, proper sanitation is one of the priority issues.

This situation is especially grave for facilities set up for vulnerable people, such as the three health posts and the child friendly space in the mountain, as children and those who are seeking medical attention are more susceptible to diseases that can be spread through improper sanitation.

In order to respond to the need for better sanitation, JEN decided to install pre-constructed latrines and shower stalls in those four facilities, which included the digging of larger septic tanks with more capacity. The work included close coordination with the Ninewa Department of Healt and another organization that are in charge of the health posts and the child-friendly space, as well as volunteer workers in the mountain who dug the septic tanks.

[Latrines being delivered to the mountain]

With the new latrines, up to 120 patients and 250 children per day can have access to proper and well protected latrines during their visits to those facilities.

【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

November 5, 2015 in Iraq |


A damage situation in Charikar

We have got pictures of the damage situation in Charikar, Parwan Province.



【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

October 30, 2015 in Afghanistan |


Voices from women and girls

Today, in 29 October, Nepal has got the first female president in its history. The new president is expected to further participation of women in the society and in the field of politics.

However, women and girls have been suffering from many difficulties after the great earthquake in April.
According to the research by the United Nations, 70% of women are spending more time than before for taking care of children and family members or labor like drawing water. It also shows the fact that 70% of women have shortened their time for rest and sleep. There is also a report saying that after the earthquake the number of trafficking in girls has got increased twice as much as in the normal.

What you can see in Nepal is these difficulties for female, but we can also find that women are positively stepping forward to the future, like a schoolgirl saying that  she “will study hard to become a teacher or nurse” after JEN gave her the school supplies.

JEN believes that distributing the school supplies encouraged and gave an opportunity for improving the education standard of the girls.  Monitoring it until the middle of November, JEN will continue to support Nepal.

[Women in Nepal work very hard]

[Both girls and boys go to school]

Your kind contribution will be delivered to people who were affected by the disaster through JEN.

October 29, 2015 in Nepal |


Placement of Awareness Raising Banners

Raising public awareness on livestock management is one of the important components of JEN’s project for temporarily dislocated people in district Bannu, province KP. To achieve this, JEN uses placement of printed banners with pictures and written messages. These banners are placed in public places like markets, communal gatherings, veterinary hospitals and stores.

The banners communicate several messages to project beneficiaries regarding livestock management e.g. Improved health of livestock, utilization of vaccines and medicines, improved production, income generation, hygienic environment and improved breed of livestock. JEN has placed these banners on fifteen different locations in its targeted geographical area.


With this activity, JEN hopes to raise awareness of the beneficiaries on modern techniques of livestock management. These messages will help in minimizing the losses of beneficiaries and will help them attain increased livestock production leading towards their improved food security.





【JEN is now accepting donations. Your help would be very much appreciated.

October 22, 2015 in Pakistan |